A few years ago with our family and friends we visited our homeland and had two bad experiences that impressed us. Some of the signs on our streets were damaged, they were completely destroyed and the “Holy Space” of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks was locked and inaccessible to visitors. Competent and “incompetent” authorities we dealt with both issues, learned a lot and gained tremendous experience with thousands of documents on the effectiveness of the Greek state, which we are thinking of publishing someday. It took 65 reports to paint three signs and we finally succeeded.
We never understood about the access to the archeological sites, since they do not want and can not open the Archaeological Museum of Astros and the “Holy Space” of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks, something that is self-evident for us, why at least they do not post almost without money on the website of our municipality two photos with two words about the two most important monuments of our municipality, the “Holy Space” of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks and the plaque of the Karytsiotis school in Agiannis.
We do not understand this narrow-mindedness and confusion and we confess we will never stop talking publicly and privately about the obvious, until the common mind prevails, we are not ashamed to say the same, others should be ashamed …. we will find them all in front of us.
With our interventions and reports we gathered a lot of material. Also out of interest we dealt with many interventions with the pearls of the website of our municipality, because we consider in our digital age the website of the municipality is of primary importance for the proper promotion of our place, something self-evident, that everyone everywhere does something as best as possible.
With all the above available we easily ended up creating the website astrosgr.com to promote Thyreatida Land (Thyrea) and our neighbors, to open the Archaeological Museum of Astros and the “Sacred Space” of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks and our municipality to post on the website of the municipality two photos with two words about the two most important monuments of our municipality, the “Holy Space” of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks and the plaque of the Karytsiotis school in Agiannis.
We are proud to present and promote Thyreatida Land, Astros and neighboring villages to our potential friends, it is self-evident to us and we do it over time without any financial gain, we do not deal with money. We are proud to dedicate our time and other expenses to Thyreatia Land.
We do not intend, we do not want, we do not attempt and we can not replace our municipality, which undoubtedly has or should have the first say in the promotion and development of our place. Our visitors will always look first at the website of each municipality, when they are looking for where to spend their holidays in our homeland, this will never change. We hope that our municipality will one day understand the obvious. Let’s easily start a post on the website of the municipality with a few words and two photos about the obvious, about what we have and all the world know about us, about the most important monuments of our place, about what we supposedly “celebrate” , which is here and we will find them in front of us, they are no longer hidden… ..
In our digital age we must all do more…, as much as we can, we must not miss the train of history that will pass in front of us and whistle three times.
We promote the Thyreatis Land (Thyrea) and our neighbors, what we have in our place, to our friends, where we can and wherever they are, in Thyrea, in Greece and abroad.
Thyrea is an area rich in history, traditions, culture, archeological sites, enchanting beaches, traditional mountain settlements and ancient hiking trails.
The historic Astros is also a gateway for exploration and discovery routes beyond the historic area of Thyrea in the heart of the Peloponnese, Athens, the Greek islands and Greece.
We made a reference point the website astrosgr.com/enas for Thyreatis Land and for all our neighbors, for our municipality, that we are proud to show to our potential visiting friends and we do that now, we show it where we can. Visitors to our site from all over the world number in the thousands in a few months. The correct promotion of an area is not done from one square, but from all the squares of our municipality; we do not know everything and no one is left over.
We know that when our visitors have a good first time in our place, they will come again many times and send many of their friends, who will also send their own friends later….
When we show our website astrosgreece.gr to five of our friends, we kindly ask them each to show it to also to five of their friends, it is easy astrosgreece.gr, who will also kindly ask the same…. , this is how the tourist promotion is done.
What do we have to do
We have it all, but it is not enough, we also have a little more to do.
1) Learn to better show what we have and not to hide anything. WE CAN DO BETTER.
2) To continuously improve our tourist infrastructure as much as we can.
We hope that our municipality will one day understand the obvious and that the common mind will eventually prevail.
Five questions for our Mayor, our deputy mayors, the members of the Board of our municipality, our fellow citizens, the Secretary General of Culture of the Ministry of Culture (not his subordinates, mercy now) AND THE COMMON MIND.
1) What should we do today as a society for the following official decision of EFARC.
“In case a new study is not prepared or can not be prepared by the end of the year, our Service, within its responsibilities and due to the pending issuance of a conclusion on the static adequacy of the building, will include in the Action Plan for the new year for the relocation of the exhibits and other findings from the building of the Archaeological Museum of Astros to a safe place of supervision. ” (23.09.2019)
2) To inform us how much money the project cost the Greek state with the YPPOT / DAVMM / 91790 2329 BC-12-01-2011 decision for the “Study for the Removal of the Archaeological Museum of Astros with conditions (ΑΔΑ-4Α9Γ-99) that The project was completed and approved in 2015 by three public bodies, the former YPAITHPA, the Peloponnese Region and the Municipality of North Kynouria.
3) Why did the Ministry of Culture spend the money with the Ministry of Culture / DAVMM / 91790 2329 BC-12-01-2011 decision with conditions (ΑΔΑ-4Α9Γ-99)?
4) Answer us with reasons if the actions of the Ministry of Culture from 2011-2015 upon receipt of the project in accordance with the decision ΥΠΠΟΤ / ΔΑΒΜΜ / 91790 2329 πέ-12-01-2011 and the terms (ΑΔΑ-4Α9Γ-99) were they wrong or right?
5) What did the Ministry of Culture / DABMM / 91790 2329 provide for studies on 12-01-2011 in terms (ΑΔΑ-4Α9Γ-99). How many studies were done from 2014 until today for the approval of the project, when were they done and how much did each study cost? Also how many studies need to be done in the future to open the Museum or what else we need to do.
From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.
In Leonidio, the pioneer of weaving was Polyxeni Dounia, the genus Lyonta (1841-1911), wife of Theodoros Ioannis Dounias (1822-1901), who had learned the art in Aydin, Asia Minor, and developed it when she went to Leonidio. In her workshop, which had four looms, she employed more than 20 workers. In 1890 in the church of Agia Sophia in Piraeus, a rug of Dounia of 60 okades (Kakauzos) was laid.
In 1897, a second workshop was founded by Marigo Merikaki, which maintained it until 1924, promoting the art on the artist yacht by introducing new designs and colors. Merikaki was awarded gold and silver medals at the international exhibitions in Athens, Liege and Paris. At the Athens exhibition, a rug was erected and awarded, representing a scene from the naval battle of Trafalgar (1805) when Admiral Nelson falls wounded in the arms of his officers. Her son, later mayor of Leonidio, doctor, Stylianos Spyr, also wove in the textile factory of Merikakaina. Merikakis. The above were followed by many who tried to save and develop even more this Tsakonian handicraft.
The completely special feature of the Tsakonian textile is that one-piece carpets of any size are made, which have on both surfaces the same 1 2 3 4 5 6th THE TSAKONIKI TEXTILE 263 face. For the weaving, upright looms are used and no shuttle is used, but they are woven with the fingers and the threads are beaten with the comb so that the result is percussive and solid. The subtlety of this art, the symmetry of the designs, the unimaginable solidity and the harmony of the colors are especially admired. The loom was a wooden construction consisting of warps, shuttle, scallop.
The most sought after designs are: Tsouchlou, American, Arbor, Tiles, Hands, Byzantine, Perforated, Rays, Disk, Pansy (door).
Tsakonian rugs are laid in many churches on a daily basis, but the most beautiful are laid in the churches during the holidays, Christmas, New Year, Easter, August 15, the festivals and the feasts of the saints to whom the churches are dedicated. The decoration could be done with embroidery on the loom, it was tedious, time consuming and expensive. It concerns more the luxury fabrics and not everyday use. There were various variations, color, decorative, quality and they reflected the social stratification and the clothing trends.
Types and designs of Tsakonian carpets:
1. Thick tile, thin tile: It is very common in the area, but more thin tile, when it comes to more formal use, such as in living rooms, churches or elsewhere. –
2. Persian: Old design, obviously with oriental roots. –
3. The sun: Old design, considered a formal rug, suitable for halls and living rooms. –
4. The disc: Very old Tsakonian carpet design. –
5. Rays: Newer design, after 1950. –
6. American: Old design, before 1950. –
7. Hand: One of the oldest and most widespread and characteristic Tsakonian design. It is found in several variants (the rhombus is older). –
8. First shadow: Newer design, after 1950. –
9. Star: Old design, before 1950. –
10. Saw: Very old design, from Geraki, Laconia. –
11. Arbor: Or “Bouquets”. Very old design, for large carpets, suitable for churches. –
12. Bow: Very old design, suitable for living room rugs.
The jumpsuit is the traditional women’s costume of the wider area of Tsakonia. In the past, the nobility of Prastos, the first Tsakonian capital, used to wear the jumbe as a sign of economic surface and superior origin. This costume, which was used as a wedding dress, was characterized by Doric simplicity. Free from gold embroidered ornaments and coins, it combined the colors of red, yellow and green. Specifically, the Prastiotisses tzoumbeloudes were also called “rings”, since on each finger they wore a piece of jewelry consisting of sapphires, sandpaper, diamonds and pearls.
Today, the jumpsuit is worn only on national anniversaries by schoolgirls.
It consists of heavy fabrics of gold, silk, velvet and fine fabrics, which the rich Tsakones, who traded very prosperously in the cities of the East and the West, made. And the nobles of Prastos were called as wearing the long rich outer garment, the jumbe, jumbledes *. (Angeliki Chatzimichali).
The traditional, Tsakonian, women’s clothing consists of:
• The shirt or ogyuma – garment, reaches to the ankle and is made of thin silk fabric embroidered with white silk embroidery or with gold thread around the neck and sleeves.
• The bracelet or dress, made of erio fabric and camel hair, was usually green or oil green in color and rarely yellow, quite wide, fastened in the middle and carried around the legs a wide strip of red felt, the podogiure.
• The zip, a small cardigan with long wide sleeves, the “turbans”.
• The jumpsuit, an outer lining made of red felt or satin in soft shades; it was worn by brides and young people of the upper class.
The magliki, a silk scarf that decorates the neck, covers the chest and is fastened with a gold or diamond buckle.
• The silver belt, a gold embroidered tape about three fingers wide that tightens the waist, is fitted with a silver belt.
• The headband, very old tradition, the modern fez with rich long blue silk tassel.
Tsakonian dance is a music and dance event, characterized by spiral and snake formations and is an element-symbol of the cultural identity of Tsakoni.
It is a heavy and majestic dance, characterized by the locals as “humble”, “serious”, “strict”, “austere” and “restrained”. It is the dance with which the festivities close, that is, it is the last dance, which is danced by everyone with due magnificence and “sanctity”, creating emotion and awe in everyone. The ostentatious figures and, in general, the dance exaggeration are reprehensible, because they violate the dance codes and its strict, mystical and ritual character.
It is danced by men and women, who are holding hands, very close to each other. The number of dancers can vary, but in each case must be more than fifteen, to show the shapes of the dance. The first dancer leads the group by turning the circular formation into spiral and serpentine formations.
The geographical criterion will give the name “Tsakonikos” to dance, a trend that has a long tradition in terms of dance in Greece. This happened when he stood out from the dance repertoire of the area, detached from the local context and joined the repertoire of “national” dances taught in the country’s Gymnasiums (Cheilari, 2009; 2012). In the past, in Tsakonia as well, the song gave the name to the dance, with the more common being “Kinisan ta…” (from the song “Kinisan ta tsanopoula kai ola tsa tsakonopoula”).
From the rich bibliographic material concerning the Tsakonian dance it appears that most scholars have focused their interest on the ancient Greek origin of dance and its preservation to this day. Tsakonian dance combines several elements that could support the “aura of origin” and the connection with the ancient Greek past. The relevant selection was based on morphological features, which could be compared with corresponding excerpts from literary or other ancient Greek sources.
The “labyrinthine formations” of dance, ie the shapes that dance makes in space, and its ancient Greek peony rhythm of 5/4 and 5/8, in combination with the local language idiom (Tsakonian dialect), were judged by scholars. as sufficient evidence for its characterization as “ancient Greek dance”. The local intellectuals were initially the ones who distinguished the Tsakonian dance, based on its rhythm and formations, detaching it from its place and giving it the glamor of origin from antiquity.
Versions of origin of Tsakonian dance
From time to time various versions of the origin of Tsakonian dance were given. Such as:
a) that the Tskonian dance is the “crane”, the dance that Theseus danced in Delos and represents his entrance and exit from the labyrinth (Sakellariou 1940; Papachristou 1979 (1960); Bikos 1969; Dimas 1980; Roubis 1990; Lyceum 1993; Stratou 1979, Symeonidou- Cheilari 2002)
b) that it is a “locked” wedding dance (Kousiadis 1950-1951)
c) that the dance is “pyrrhic”, a war dance (Sarris 1956; Merikakis 1969)
d) that it is an ancient cult dance in Apollonian rhythm 5/4 and 5/8, ie paean (Moutsopoulos 1957; Tyrovola, 2003), which orchestrates the struggle of Apollo with Python (Karas 1996) or “Sacred cult dance” , according to F. Bekyros & E. Tsagouris (1996: 13), which choreographically represents the movement of the snake (ibid. pp. 17-18). Ch. Petakos additionally considers that the dance initially started as a “charm”, as a mimetic and magical act, which represents and imitates the movements of the snake (Petakos, 2003, p. 14, pp. 54-55)
e) that it is a twin sister dance with the dance of the Caryatids of the ancient Laconic Bay (Houpis 1990).
Shapes of Tsakonian dance
Songs of Tsakonian dance
Today she dances with the songs: “Supa mana pandrepse me…”, “Kinisan ta tsanopoula…”, “Mantas”, “Birbilomata”, “Simeris vgika na haro…”, “Apatza to Marasia…” (i.e. opposite the Fennel). In the past we used to meet other songs, such as: “Your tiles are dripping…”, “Down in the holy orchard…”, “My vine is a broad leaf…”, “Fegki will live to get married…”. According to local informants, the songs that accompanied the much-loved “Tsakonian” dance were sung in the Tsakonian dialect, but over time and the introduction of new songs, they were forgotten.
It should also be noted that the “Tsakonikos” dance was associated with the song “Su ‘pa mana, marry me housewife, take care of me, and in foreign countries do not give it to me, mother, you will regret it…”. Of course, such a thing can not be accidental since the content of this song refers to the exile and the separation of the daughter from the mother and her place (Cheilari 2015). It is a given that the exile had a seal Tsakonia not only in the 19th century, with the transition to a better fortune in America, but historical sources report relocations of Tsakonians to Istanbul even from medieval times.
Symbolic hesitations of Tsakonian dance
Based on the fact that the symbols refer to interpretations, different interpretive versions were given. Focusing on the local context in the unconscious and conscious manifestations of Leonidio’s tradition, it is found that the snake held an important position (Hilari – Zografou 2017). This image is enhanced by the formation of the spiral.
Thus it is speculated that the Tsakonian dance began as a magical-religious ritual, where the faithful praise the god Apollo and make a challenge-invitation of his presence. Over time, it sheds many of its magical elements and transforms into an identity symbol, signifying the continuity of community, common “belonging”, common origin and common destiny.
In conclusion, Tsakonian dance is a living reality in the celebrations and events of the area. It is “our own namo dance” (ie our own dance), a cultural expression that enhances the deep-rooted sense of local identity, making all of us Tsakones proud. It reminds the members of the community of the common heritage, the sense of “belonging to the community”, the common memory and identity. In fact, it is the first dance that was included in 2015 in the National Index of Intangible Cultural Heritage by the Ministry of Culture – –
On the map above the Byzantine Empire in 555 AD it was at its peak
The three maps brilliantly describe the history lessons that are very relevant today ,the war it is not over…..
On May 29, 1453, “Black Tuesday” and a frustrating day for the Greek nation, Christianity and Western civilization, “Polis Ealo”, the Queen city was conquered and enslaved by the Ottoman “barbaric” conquerors. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans was described as “the disgrace of the Latins” because the few fanatics who teach their children hatred of Western civilization have not stopped the war until today and the “west” accepts them without any reaction, ignoring their own fall. it becomes daily inevitable.
“Power wears out and money corrupts” in 1453 and today, we have not forgotten the “all sacrifice” prime ministers of a scorched earth …
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“The Byzantine Empire of the first years of the 13th century was in turmoil and in decline. “The economy was going from bad to worse, corruption in the state apparatus was growing, and the exploitation of the people by state officials and the systematic neglect of the provinces by the emperors had alienated the provinces from the capital.”
Essentially, the end of the Byzantine Empire began in 1204 with the fourth crusade that the “Praetorians” of power invited to the Queen city to take back the lost “spoons” from the other Praetorians. The empire after 1204 was divided into smaller “empires” and incessant civil wars between them from 1204 to 1453. they finally handed over the Queen city to the Ottomans.
Byzantine Empire after 1204 was divided into smaller “empires” and the civils wars were not ended.
The Ottomans, undisturbed by the civil wars between the Praetorian emperors, began their own grand plan to take the city, which had begun before 1204 and was completed almost 300 years later, something the Latins of Disgrace do not understand today. ».
The “marbled King” was eventually left alone with 2,000 mercenaries, 5,000 political guards and 170 Sfakians to defend the city in front of 150,000 fanatical Ottomans.
Earlier, he had outlined the proposal of Mohammed II to surrender the city in exchange for his freedom and the Despotate of Morea.
“And the city is not given to you by me, nor by the other people who live in this common opinion, we all die voluntarily and we do not live our lives.”\7
The Byzantine Empire in 1450 was ready to surrender and be enslaved to its enemies.
The Ottomans working in their plan for 300 years and they never had stop.
It was a “black Tuesday” on May 29, 1453, when Constantine Paleologos, the last emperor of Byzantium, “fell” in front of the Gate of Agios Romanos, defending the Queen.
The heroes of Sfakion continued the resistance and the massacre of the Ottomans even after the fall until the death of the latter.
The “marbled King” emperor Constantine Paleologos exclaimed loudly before his impending death.
“Do not exists one Christian to take my head from me?”
Four hudrend years later when the Greek revolution in the second year showed the difficulties that existed, our English friends sent an admiral to reconcile the wars. The admiral met the old man of Morias in Nafplio and asked him to reconcile with the Turkish conquerors and the old man of Morias gave the answer.
Below, the old man of Moria says it all in two words.
– We never surrendered, we fought the Turkish conquerors non-stop for four hundred years in the plains and in the mountains, and to better understand the admiral continued. Fire and ax to the collaborators of the conquerors. The admiral understood well and the meeting ended quickly.
On May 29, 1453 “Polis Ealo” but the war by fortunately a few fanatics continues today, let our friends wake up one day in the “west” to avoid their own fall.
The wealth and success of a country depends on policies that create the potential for a better life. People ultimately lead the effort and write their story that shapes the right environment and prospects for a life full of dignity for all. It is easy to understand today that it is not enough for us to be well, but for our fellow human beings to be able to live comfortably.
The studies and reports that are done to understand which are the best countries in recent years, try to examine the value of a nation beyond the harsh economic measurements.
The recent reports and rankings of the 2019 Best Countries deal more with quality features that have the potential to positively impact trade, travel, investment and national economies. The recent report covers the perceptions of 80 countries.
Wide access to food, tolerable housing, quality education and health care are the basic and essential preconditions of a modern developed welfare state.
The quality of life, however, includes many other intangible quality elements that make a big difference, such as the security of good and easily accessible paid work, financial stability, the friendly work-family relationship, income equality for all, political stability, social security, individual freedom, environmental quality and a well-developed public education system.
“What social scientists agree is that the wealth of material goods is not the most important factor in evaluating a good life.”
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), quality of life is defined as “the individual’s perception of his place in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which he lives and in relation to his goals.”
According to the following report, the countries that have the best quality of life, as we understand most people in these countries “have a good time”, are the following:
Let us mention here the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations, which has different indicators and results from the above report
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and quality of life around the world. “Based on this Index, a country is classified as underdeveloped or developing or developed and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life.”
The best countries in the world based on the Human Development Index are:
It is no coincidence that we see modern welfare states at the forefront of the report on the better quality of life, as in all other relevant reports with different indicators. It seems that we all agree which are the best countries, for everything and the best quality of life, like the Greek generals in the Persian danger, they all nominated themselves for the best leader and also all for the second best nominated Themistocles, so that everyone agrees on finally that Themistocles was the best. By the way let us mention here that without Themistocles all humanity would still be in darkness today.
It is no coincidence that modern welfare states are at the forefront of all exhibitions, but because they intervene in public life with a “Greek measure”, “when and where needed” and therefore offer the best quality of life for their citizens.
Let us remember and let us emphasize.
Economic development, based on the economic model of the Welfare State and the Liberal Parliamentary Democracy, is ultimately the only way out and there are no other alternatives today. The change and evolution has in front of it a very long course in the mode of the Welfare State and in the Liberal Parliamentary Democracy.
In comparison, the Greek way of life is much better than many other “developed” ones, which as a proof, despite the great difficulties of the last crisis, we stood up for, because the grandparents “had to help”, which other developed grandparents never have.
But in order for us to see fate in the sun and to have a better quality of life (which will be mentioned in international public exhibitions), we can be better…, we are undoubtedly worthy and we can do it if we want to, we must one day start from principle, from scratch, to rebuild our state, we all know it and admit it at least it does not work properly…., we can others are not better than us, no one will do it for us.
Swedish Prime Minister Tage Erlander and his successor Olaf Palme
The “Greek miracle” liberated the people, changed the world and the course of history because it first discovered the “reason” and later brought to human relations the also very important Greek “measure”. Our ancestors believed that in all human activities, economic, political and social, there must be “perfect in every way”. The Greek measure means modesty, consensus, conciliation, mutual respect, solidarity, democratic dialogue.
What will mean the intervention of the welfare state “when and where it is needed” and the Greek “measure”, let’s look at the following three examples.
Toyota, which has recently become the largest car industry in the world, wants to sell cars where it can and more in the US and Canadian markets. According to “economic liberalism and more neoliberalism” he could do it freely. But sometimes there is the word “but”, the Greek “metro” and the welfare state. It can do it freely, but it will have to produce cars in Canada. The result is that Toyota was forced to build car factories in Canada, which creates thousands of jobs, brings the much-needed economic growth to Canada, not to Japan, and not only are cars sold in Canada but also exported to the world market. With only one Toyota plant having the technology and capital to do the job, the Canadian state’s revenue is almost incalculable, as Toyota is taxed in moderation on its profits, employees are taxed on their income, employees they spend their money and pay sales taxes to the state, and others have income from that money, and pay taxes again and so on. , economists say when you spend one euro you give income to another ten euros. Some have realized that they can benefit and have found ways to control globalization, neoliberalism and sharks. With the money that Toyota brings to Canada through globalization, neoliberalism and sharks, the Canadian state can use it for social benefits, public health, etc.
Eventually when it rains lemons you make lemonades you do not condemn and reject all things, but you try to benefit in your own way from what is around you. All things are relative, and you can gain from all evils, such as globalization, neoliberalism, and sharks, something you would not otherwise have if you had a little willpower and imagination.
• Social politics
In the welfare state of Canada, all citizens and even those who have lived legally in Canada for certain years receive an old-age pension when they reach the age of 65, not one day earlier and of course not at the age of 45 or 50, only when they reach the age of 65. no exceptions.
But there is a welfare state intervention. The old-age pension is gradually declining for those who “have more”, and have an annual income of over $ 73,756 for 2016, and there are many in Canada, and when the annual income reaches $ 119,400 the pension old age is zeroed.
At the same time the welfare state provides a “Guaranteed Income Supplement” something like a small pension, to citizens if they live in Canada and have a low income. This monthly non-taxable benefit is added to the pensions of low-income citizens.
These welfare state interventions are easily accepted by Canadian society and “by those who have more”, are acquired rights and are not disputed or discussed by anyone.
• International relations
In the UN peacekeeping operations for many years the welfare state of Canada plays a leading role and always participates where needed from Cyprus to Sudan. World peace with projects, money and personnel, is a high priority and basic policy of the Canadian state. The Canadian soldiers became the “blue helmets” of the UN and the Canadian flag reminds everyone of modesty, peace and democratic dialogue.
Canadians have become modest out of necessity, because next to them is an “elephant” and when you sleep with an elephant you have to use speech and dialogue, and be modest. Eventually this modesty proved to be very beneficial and effective in practice for everyone and became a way of life that the Canadian welfare state wants to share with everyone.
The issue of global economic development is very complex and not at all easy. Β we say what is happening in Greece where everyone has been talking for many years and wants growth and development is not seen anywhere. The “developed” capitalists of the welfare state claim that (economic) freedom and economic development require a lot of work, especially innovation and ingenuity, organization, planning and discipline, it does not automatically come from the skies or from Germany, but from the citizens themselves.I would like to add that we still need rationality, education, freedom and a disciplined lifestyle. At the same time, the state intervenes in the economy with a “measure” when and where needed.
There are five basic economic models.
1) the state economy, everything is controlled by the state
2) the economy of the free market or free trade, everything is controlled by the market, supply and demand work without any state intervention.
3) the mixed economy, 50% state economy and 50% free economy
4) the mixed economy, which is more state and less free let’s say 90-60% state and 10-40% free
5) the mixed economy, which is more free and less state, say 90-60% free and 10-40% state, the model, is also called the economic model of the Welfare State. The intervention of the state in the economy is done with “measure” when and where it is needed.
Of course models # 1,2 are nowhere to be found except in books, and most likely model # 3. Sometimes we might talk about model # 4
Excessive use many times with different terms of economic liberalism and more neoliberalism has caused a justified confusion. Some deliberately use the term neoliberalism to achieve political benefits because they supposedly advocate more progressive positions and suggest unfulfilled wishes that will strangely come from heaven. In politics, in society and more in the economy, what you say matters more than what you do with what you say and it matters most what results you have with what you do. In the end it is only the results that interest us.
In the endless battles of society that take place between the general interest and sharks, since people discovered money to facilitate their transactions, everyone is trying to improve their position and profits and often in an exaggerated way. When sharks’ excesses become unbearable, the general interest resists and imposes rules that sharks think they will violate at the first opportunity they find, never forgetting their goals and profits. In these battles, the Greek “measure” and the intervention of the welfare state “when and where it is needed” make a big difference ..
Our view is that the economic model of the Welfare State, intelligently implements in the best way the Greek “measure”, modesty, consensus, conciliation, mutual respect, solidarity, democratic dialogue, and its implementation has the best results for all.
The only question that concerns the economists and politicians of the economic model of the Welfare State, is how much more the less free the state is the mixed economy, say 90% free and 10% state, the 80%, 20% etc. Pi. There is no other issue.
The “capitalists” of America and Canada have long understood that state intervention in the economy must be done “in moderation” when and where it is needed, and they are taking far more socialist measures than the countries of the once so-called of existing socialism ”. That is why they still live and reign today.
The economic model of the Welfare State is, for the followers of the welfare state, the undisputed and only way to economic development, social prosperity and political freedom. Many argue, perhaps unjustifiably, in my opinion, that there is a high correlation between political freedom and economic development. Swedes are the first to talk about thirty hours of work a week, in other words they reduce work by 25% and are interested in a better quality of life, they know why they live. Tage Erlander, Prime Minister for 23 consecutive years, a true leader left worthy successors (only in this the real leaders of history are judged), he was the first to clearly show the one-way street and his contribution to humanity is incalculable.
Undoubtedly, the Liberal Parliamentary Democracy is the most socially just and acceptable political system. Also this issue has been finally resolved.
The United Nations makes an annual report on the Human Development Index (HDI), which measures the average length of time a person can expect to live, the quality of health, access to education and livelihoods. the level. In this report in the first ten places are undisputed, for the last twenty years at least, the countries that have as a model the Welfare State such as Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Denmark, Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, United States, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, Sweden. “The welfare state has given Western societies the opportunity to experience a great economic boom,” he continues today.
Economic development, based on the economic model of the Welfare State and the Liberal Parliamentary Democracy are ultimately the only ways and today there are no other alternatives
Change and evolution have a long way to go in the model of the Welfare State and in the Liberal Parliamentary Democracy. Of course some will want to talk more and rarely try other avenues which in my opinion will be very short.
Workers at a tou Bangladesh factory, even today, earn about $ 500 a year for 40 hours a week, and unskilled workers in Canada earn about $ 25,000 a year, or 50 times more, for the same hours, with natural consequences. for the price of the products for all depending on where the production takes place. Canadian factory workers make about $ 100,000 a year for about 50 hours a week, and a postman 40 hours a week makes $ 60,000 a year.
The New International Economic Order, enacted by the United Nations in 1974, was intended to help the economically disadvantaged growing nations, on their own initiative, and to bridge the gap between Bangladeshi workers. and the Canadian worker, and this was considered a moral and just goal that is not easily disputed by many today.
Most decisions in the developed “capitalist” countries of the West, which affect the population in its daily life, are made by the citizens or by economic agents, and not by the state, based on the rule which is the most efficient and economical way. Citizens want as little state as possible every day, because they believe they will decide better what concerns them. Of course the state must intervene “in moderation where and when needed”, but the state is not the main or the only way for economic activities.
Capital has neither a god nor a homeland and accepted to participate, perhaps with great enthusiasm, in the New International Economic Order. Computers are made in China with Intel funds and not far from my home, it is a Toyota car factory that produces about 500,000 cars a year. are Chinese, Canadian (it no longer matters what it is, people buy them) or have international capital as their boss. .
The development of technology allows and encourages Intel to easily invest $ 5.5 billion in China. The rule that is the most efficient and economical way matters, nothing else ..
Globalization, for economic agents, is a very easy choice and may be an inevitable process that will ultimately help them survive. It is a key economic action based on the laws of supply and demand that we have all accepted. Economists and to a lesser extent some politicians claim that it will also ultimately help the global consumer. We will be able to buy cheaper consumer products but at the same time we will have work and income, here we stumble. Here we need work. America in the last crisis with state intervention gave the solution. As a result, GM now produces cheap cars, say 20,000 instead of the 50,000 it produced before the crisis. Here it seems that we have begun to rethink globalization and it is not ruled out that we may soon have the opposite circulation. The view that globalization has hurt America is gaining ground. We can not stop it, but we can slow it down. It is certain that those who understand the new game will survive. It is very certain that those who have more will lose some. It is no exaggeration to say, only ascetics will escape the globalization that enters our lives every day without asking, at first we distrust but eventually we approve.
The era after the New Order
In the 60’s the French politician Z.S. Schreiber was talking about the “American Challenge.” Today, the Germans and the French apply the American rule “if you can not defeat them together with them” and apply what Schreiber said the Americans should not do, which ultimately makes no difference to the region.
In the post-New Age era, the invisible world economic agents (who have neither god nor homeland) are constantly fighting using all the means they know how to regain power with all its benefits. This struggle began when man discovered money, so that he could easily ask his fellow human beings to serve his needs and it will never end. The struggle will be hard with alternating victories and defeats for the two camps and sometimes there will be an ongoing war. The demand will be a fairer Welfare State, more political freedom and more Liberal parliamentary Democracy.
The New Order and the economic “sharks” advertise, seek, and “sell” every day, where they can but also to the fools more, a model of a docile citizen, who “consumes”. In 1966 I went to attend the first economics course of the late X. Zolota and told us “human needs are unsatisfied, that’s why the economy works, we always want more”. Consumption is an innate natural need where when controlled it is a pleasure and when not controlled it is a passion. I mentioned above that economic development also needs rationality, education, freedom and a disciplined lifestyle. Ford discovered the car and Mercedes decided to produce and advertise Mercedes and Volkswagen and of course I did not have a specific consumer in mind. What will the consumer do if Volkswagen buys a Mercedes or “will use where it can a donkey to cross the road and not a Concord plane” (which no longer exists ..), because what happens is not the fault of Ford, nor o Mercedes, neither Germany, nor America, nor the New Order, except its empty head. There is no autopilot that will do everything for us and only he will be responsible when everything goes wrong. I want to reiterate that “we should not swim with sharks” (a wise Canadian proverb for those who borrow from usurers) because when “sharks” eat us, it is our fault, not “sharks”. “Sharks” will always exist and the easier they find victims, the more they will multiply and grow stronger.
The younger Greeks changed the meaning of the aristocracy, where the excellent hold. Gradually we passed to the aristocracy of blood (nepotism and family rule), and after we got tired of the princes they passed to the aristocracy of spirit, money and lies. Of course this is the last step of the “evil of the ladder” with all the consequences.
We tried them all. The time has come to return to our roots, we must return to the aristocracy in its true sense, where the excellent hold, to bring back to our daily lives the “Greek measure”, modesty, consensus, conciliation, mutual respect, solidarity and democracy . The citizens will soon take from the rulers what belongs to them, they will say their opinion loudly and sharply in every direction and they will build the necessary democratic institutions starting from the political parties so that we can finally change course and see fate in the sun one day. . We must all one day understand that our positions and views in our public and private lives have significance and consequences for all of us.
Tassos Giannitsis, emeritus professor, former minister tells us, the emphasis is mine.
“In order not to overwhelm the youth of today and tomorrow, however, we must become aware that a twenty-year-old in Chalkida or Sparta is no longer in danger of competing with someone of a different party, ideology or family or living in Xanthi or Agrinio. It is endangered by our own shortcomings. The danger he faces is his widening gap with the worker and the skills he has or will have tomorrow in handling the new tools of economic and political domination in Shanghai, Kyoto, Edinburgh, Barcelona or Calcutta. This risk is not possible. He is sure. “
I could omit or delete all the above and replace them with the phrase that I did not tire of reminding you of what Cornelius Kastoriadis was telling us ”-Yes, sir, you will correct the Roman, in the space and in the area where you are
Tage Erlander and his successor Olaf Palme look to the future of history with confidence and self-confidence.
“Erika Hellstrom loves to be able to close the door to her office at 3:30, before going out for an early night hike in the deep, green forest that surrounds her home in her town.
The 34-year-old artistic director had a long and irregular schedule as a freelancer, but now works for one of Sweden’s first start-ups offering a standard six-hour-a-day job in Falun, central Sweden. It is simply one of the many Swedish companies that experience the shortest working hours, which is part of the national obsession for a work-life balance.
“It’s absolutely fantastic for me,” says Erika. “I have more free time to exercise or to be outdoors while it is still daylight, or to do my garden work.”
She does not have children of her own, but enjoys being able to spend more time with friends and relatives and feels “much less stressed” after her hours were cut short.
Jimmy Nilsson’s co-owner of Digital AB, the co-owner of Background AB, launched the initiative in September as part of an effort to create a more productive workforce. “You can be more focused and get things done faster,” he says.
The staff is at their offices eight and a half to eleven and a half, so they spend an entire hour away for lunch, and then work another three hours and then go back to their homes in the Swedish mountains.
They will be asked to stay away from social media in the office and leave personal phone calls or emails until the end of the day. Wages have not changed since the initiative began in September.
“We will try it for nine months and see first of all if it is economical, and secondly if it works for our customers and our staff,” says Nilsson.
The concept of six hours a day work is not entirely new in Sweden, although 2015 has seen a revival in the idea.
At Toyota Service Center on the west coast of the country, shifts have been cut for engineers for more than a decade, and with the company experiencing a rapid increase in profits, everyone is stuck with the idea ever since.
There were also a handful of public sector trials in the 1990s and early 2000s, including one in the northern mining town of Kiruna, which ran for 16 years but was rejected within a political line and lack of the first elements to measure its success.
In recent months, several start-ups in Stockholm have been testing the concept of Background AB, along with two hospitals in Umea in northern Sweden and a surgery unit at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg.
The highest initiative is in a nursing home in western Sweden, where 80 nurses started working six hours a day in February as part of a two-year controlled study for fewer hours. Eighty staff in a similar nursing home continue to work regular eight-hour shifts.
“It’s too early to draw definitive conclusions, but nurses who work fewer hours, spend less sick leave and have less stress,” said Bengt Lorensson, chief consultant to Gothenburg City Council for data analysis.
He says patient care seems to have improved, with staff organizing more activities, such as dance classes, group reading classes or outdoor walks. she is better”
Swedish and international policymakers are watching the project closely, and Mr Lorensson admits he is already somewhat shocked by the global media interest in his research. He points out that the six-hour day is still a long way from becoming the norm for fewer hours of work in the Nordic country.
More flexible schedules
On the other side of the country, career coach Pia Webb, 40, is flirting between Stockholm conferences.
“I do not know anyone in my network who works only six hours a day,” he says with a laugh.
“Many of my clients are CEOs who believe that work is the most important thing, and then they realize that they have not spent time with the their idiots. ”
But he says he is not surprised that short-term trials in Gothenburg and elsewhere have received so much attention that it advertises Sweden for the idea of work-life balance.
“Swedish companies believe there is a link between health and profitability,” he says. “Large organizations pay for gyms and there is a more flexible schedule. You can work different hours so you can get your kids to school.
The former IT director, who admits he’s tired, recently wrote a self-help book for international professionals entitled “Improving Your Quality of Life: The Swedish Way”
Across Sweden, only 1% of workers work more than 50 hours a week, one of the lowest rates in the OECD, where 13% is the average. By law, Swedes have 25 days off, while many large companies usually offer even more. Parents get 480 days of paid parental leave to share with each other. Most offices are empty after 5pm.
“It’s a very different experience when I worked in the UK and customers wanted me to stay in touch on the weekends and overnight,” said Ameek Grewal, 29, a Canadian who moved from London to Nordic at Citibank headquarters. in Stockholm a year ago. He is convinced that the Swedish model brings far greater benefits than disadvantages.
“There is mutual respect here. I will wait office hours to call or email my clients and at the same time I know I will not call when I am on vacation. ……
Mr Grewl says the Swedish way is very different, but overall beneficial. “
Maddy Savage is a British journalist based in Stockholm. It is published by: Local Sweden.
They have been thinking about this for several years now in Sweden, but the most important thing is that these are private sector initiatives. In the “Welfare States” the private initiative…. leads to the “benefits” they provide to employees. Let’s name some benefits: serious retirement, profit sharing, flexible hours, gift for productive work, and much more e.g. paid trips. Something new that is now being tried in Canada for some professions usually for services, is paid leave for as long as the employee needs or wants without restrictions. You read correctly, for as long as it takes or the employee wants, of course there is no abuse by employees, let’s say that with the old plan 5 weeks will not get most with the new 10 weeks, of course there will be exceptions. In some cases, employees will take less leave on their own than before, to show their employer that they love their job or do a great job and do not leave for long because of this.
All this is happening on our planet…. are not fantasies, and are related to what is called mutual respect. Usually this happens where the Welfare State is strong and societies are economically developed …… We still have a long way to go to make our national obsession a work-life balance.
The northern city of Kiruna that for 16 years was tested for fewer working hours a day without changing wages.
There are people on our planet who appreciate what they have and do not want more money, you read that right.
The following article shows us another world, existing in welfare states, that puts the public interest before the private interest. We do not often see this world around us or even imagine it many times.
We translate freely from the following link, the emphasis is ours.
“More than 500 Canadian doctors are protesting, saying they are being paid too much (yes, too much)”
“In Canada, more than 500 doctors and residents, as well as more than 150 medical students, have signed a public letter protesting the increase in their salaries.
“We, the Quebec doctors who believe in a strong public system, oppose the recent salary increases negotiated by our medical federations,” the letter said.
The team says they are offended that they will receive increases when nurses and patients struggle.
“These increases are more and more shocking because our nurses, staff and other professionals are facing very difficult working conditions, while our patients are living with a lack of access to the required services due to drastic cuts in recent years and the concentration of power. to the Ministry of Health “, writes the letter that was published on February 25.
“The only thing that seems to be immune to the cuts is our pay,” the letter said.
Canada has a public health system that provides “universal coverage for medically necessary health care services provided out of necessity rather than affordability,” according to the government website.
The 213 GPs, 184 GPs, 149 GPs and 162 GPs want the money used for their increases to be returned to the system.
“We believe that there is a way to redistribute the resources of the Quebec health system to promote the health of the population and meet the needs of patients without pushing employees in the end,” the letter said.
“We, the doctors of Quebec, are calling for the cancellations of the salaries of doctors to be canceled and for the resources of the system to be better distributed for the benefit of healthcare workers and for health services to be provided to the people of Quebec.”
The doctor in Canada is paid an average of $ 260,924 (C $ 339,000) for clinical services by the government Department of Health, according to a report by the Canadian Institute of Health published in September 2017. On average, a family doctor pays $ 21. (C $ 275,000) for clinical services and a specialist surgeon is paid $ 354,915 (C $ 461,000), according to the same report.
This is the total gross fee, however, and does not take into account the overhead that each doctor pays to operate, as the Canadian Institute of Health Information is careful to point out to CNBC Make It.
In May 2016, a doctor publicly broke the cost of practicing his family practice and although he brought in $ 231,033 (C $ 300,000), he was left with $ 136,906 (C $ 177,876) after deducting his business expenses – he went out.
The cost of medical school in Canada is subsidized by provincial governments, according to the Canadian Medical School Association. The cost varies depending on whether the student is a Canadian citizen, a resident or a foreign student and the school in question. For Canadian citizens or residents, tuition for the first year of medical school ranges from $ 2567 (C $ 3,334) to $ 20,064 (C $ 26,056), according to the Canadian Medical Association website.
In the same group, Médecins Québécois pour le Régime Public (MQRP), which published the aforementioned public letter, also published a letter on February 17, opposing $ 500 million salary increases for qualified physicians. The group is called “obscene” wage increases.
And on February 1, the MQRP published a letter denouncing the working conditions of the nurses. “Nurses are exhausted from a heavy workload and argue that chronic staff shortages and fatigue caused by repetitive overtime, sometimes mandatory due to lack of team replacement, have an impact on safety.”
Tommy Douglas, a Canadian politician, is known worldwide as the father of Canada’s public health system.
We have all understood, following the daily news, that the “waste” that occurs everywhere in public health, medical care or “para-health”, in education or “para-education” and in the defense of the country is not excessive, but it is countless and brought us to our knees, it is not only the barbarians’ fault…, and if we do not change course we will disappear as a nation. It is a pity that we once had the “past greatness”, but we forgot it all. We will leave the “para-education” and the “round submarines” once again and we will deal here with public health.
The great absence and inadequacy of the state, and in the field of public health, encourages kickbacks and envelopes. It seems strange we do not want or can not close the famous holes in our boat and as a result we will all sink. The public interest is the positions that aim to improve the whole of society or at least most of the citizens. On the contrary, the private interest, the “private profit”, the private health or the “para-health” aim at the improvement of only certain citizens in order to obtain ornaments that they do not need and will distinguish them in the society.
We managed to have a public health that does not work and that does not want to do anything, everything is so difficult, .. a public health that encourages private health or “para-health”, which works better if you have to give them, let it be too much, and a state that remains a spectator and also does nothing. We are useless priests and farmers, with the result that some smart people call them and many suffer and complain about everything.
We do not want and continue to strangely “do nothing”.
Others decided and wanted to do something, they were not the smartest of us, they just wanted to.
Let’s see below what they do in Canada. Canada has the best public health system in the world. There are many reasons why it is the best public health system in the world but we will mention and emphasize the following.
“Private insurers can not compete with public health care and hospital insurance programs”…
“Hospitals (and doctors) are largely prohibited from treating both patients whose care is paid for by provincial plans and patients who pay directly.”
“The ban on private insurance for benefits covered by provinces”… ..
The Canadian welfare state intervenes “when and where needed”.
Canada wanted and decided to have a public health system and tells doctors whether you will be priests and farmers , or we will have a public health system or we will have a private health system. Canadian law has forced doctors to want a public health system, which of course has problems but has a state that fixes it every day, because they simply want and can.
Tommy Douglas, a Canadian politician, is known worldwide as the father of Canada’s public health system.
In the 1944 provincial elections in Saskatchewan, Canada, the Social Democratic Party of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), led by Tommy Douglas, won. It was the first left-wing party victory in North America. Tommy Douglas has introduced the free access of all Saskatchewan citizens to health services, under the full financial responsibility of the State. At the initiative of the then federal government, Douglas’ law was eventually extended to all of Canada, eventually taking the form of the current Federal Health System. “
The vast majority of Canadians, say 98% of the population, use the public health system. Private Health is still in its infancy in Canada and if Canadians want to find private health they must look hard to find it. Canadians do not know what sachets are, this is no exaggeration, there are no sachets in Canadian public health, I personally did not think about it for forty-three years and of course I could not do it.
Public health in Canada is the responsibility of the provincial government. , which is almost 7 times larger than the area of our homeland, he says on his website.
“Ontario’s health system is one of the best in the world. Eligible Ontarians can access a variety of health care services in their community. ”
For those who want to see details see the links below.
Among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, Canada is the only country that has no private sector involvement in hospital and medical insurance. Private insurers cannot compete with public health care and hospital insurance programs, but can only cover services not covered by provincial plans (eg prescription drugs, outpatient care, dental care, cosmetic surgery, optometry). A large percentage of the population has some private coverage, usually paid by employers. Hospitals (and doctors) are largely prohibited from treating both patients whose care is paid for by provincial plans and patients who pay directly. payers of much of the health care received by Canadians ”
The United Nations makes an annual report on the Human Development Index (HDI), which measures the average length of time a person can expect to live, the quality of health, access to education and living standards. In this report in the first ten places are undisputed, for the last twenty years at least, the countries that have as a model the Welfare State such as Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Denmark, Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, United States, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, Sweden. “The welfare state has given Western societies the opportunity to experience a great economic boom,” he continues today.
Canada is in this category, often in the first place, mainly for its public health system.
The naval battle of Salamis on September 22, 480 BC, is one of the most important historical events of Western civilization and by extension of humanity. If the Greeks lost in Salamis, today’s world would be different. In 480 BC after the overwhelming defeat of the Persians began the “golden age” or otherwise the “glorious fifty years”, 480-430 BC. . The Greeks finished the “Greek miracle” and gave the “lights” to humanity. Everything we know today was done and said without exaggeration in the “golden age”.
After the defeat of the Persians in Salamis, the Greeks honored the great leaders of the victory and gave awards to the Athenians and the Aeginians. They also had to name and honor the most important military leader who contributed to the victory. Each general proposed himself and as a second choice proposed Themistocles. Eventually everyone agreed that Themistocles was the most important general. Themistocles is the most important soldier of mankind, because with his plans for ten years he convinced the Athenians, not so clearly να, to prepare properly for the great attack that would come. He designed and implemented the devastation of an empire and saved humanity from barbarism and darkness. Without Themistocles in 480 BC (and Thales earlier) there would be no Greek Miracle and humanity would be in darkness today.
After the victory of the Athenians in Marathon in 490 BC, Themistocles realized that the Persians did not leave forever, but they would come back stronger and more powerful to subdue Greece as well. A diligent orator persuaded the Athenians not to share the money from the Lavrio deposits, as was customary until then, but to build warships the famous Athenian triremes, in very large numbers by the measures of that time, something like modern anti-missile missiles of our time that the Persians did not have.
Themistocles knew very well the danger from the East and in order to achieve his goals, which were first the proper preparation, he used every means available, even if it was not clean, as he spoke of danger from the Aeginians who were very close to each other and became believed by the Athenians and not for the real danger of the Persians who were far away and the Athenians did not want to listen.
Cleisthenes in 507 BC established the democratic state in Athens with a series of administrative measures and democratic organization of society into tribes, which included all the citizens aristocrats and not from different parts of Athens (cleverly broke the aristocracy and localism).
Along with the parliamentary lot, where any citizen could easily become a member of parliament, Cleisthenes introduced ostracism to protect the democratic state, from any citizen who, if he gained significant political power and enforcement, could inevitably influence his fellow citizens.
Cleisthenes paved the way for Themistocles who, although not from aristocrats, his mother was not Athenian, and according to the old system had no access to power, to participate in the commons of the state, to become the leader of the democrats and soon to became the beginning in 493 BC.
Chief Themistocles soon succeeded in achieving his goal, which was to build war triremes for the Persians, cleverly build the long walls of Athens mocking the Spartans and guarding Athens from every enemy, and at the same time strengthen the democratic state. after the sailors of the warships introduced measures, let them not be Athenians, to be able to vote in the church of the municipality. This measure significantly strengthened Themistocles who “achieved two triangles with one shot”, for the obvious reason that the sailors voted for Themistocles only because of what he had offered them.
When the whole of Persia, the enslaved peoples of Persia and the emperor Xerxes with 1,207 warships arrived at the gates, the danger was now obvious to us. The Nightmare had betrayed Leonidas at Thermopylae. Themistocles persuaded the Athenians to leave Athens, with every sacrifice and favorable oracles of the oracle of Delphi, which he interpreted according to his plans.
At the conference of the Greek generals he also had to convince the other generals and the Spartans who had the undisputed military superiority among the Greeks, the naval battle to take place in the straits of Salamis, something he had planned for 10 years, and not in Corinth or on the high seas they proposed the other generals. The supremacy of the Greeks was the flexibility of the triremes and as a consequence the easy navigation of the enemy ships in a narrow place like Salamis, this was the plan of Themistocles.
Themistocles when in the council of the Greeks “Things got bad for the generals,” he told the Corinthian general, and those who start late do not succeed in the Spartan admiral Evridiadis the famous “fight, but do not listen”. In the meantime, he had been burned by Xerxes, the Athenians have the triremes as their homeland and they will move to lower Italy.
The Greeks lined up in Salamis and waited for the enemy. Themistocles, in order not to miss the opportunity, fearing that the Spartans and the other generals, who saw Athens burning and Xerxes’ fleet in Faliro changing their minds, made sure that we would finish ordering at Xerxes with the educator of Sikinos’s children , who knew the Persian language, that the Greeks intended to leave Salamis soon to escape and it would be an opportunity for the Persians to attack immediately and finish them all together.
The Persian generals with 1,207 ships against about 366 Greeks were sure of the Greek catastrophe and began the attack that Themistocles had been waiting for 10 years. From the Greek ships resounded the paean “Either children of Greeks or, liberate homeland ‘, liberate children, women, gods and fathers, case of ancestors, now in favor of all struggles”.
The naval battle of Salamis ended with the destruction and pursuit of the Persian fleet, 200 Persian ships were destroyed. Xerxes immediately left for Persia defeated by the most important soldier in history Themistocles, who with clever planning of a decade and with excellent execution of his plans managed to defeat a great power in Salamis.
Themistocles designed the naval hegemony of Athens with the creation of the Alliance of Delos.
Themistocles was finally exiled in 471 BC. by his aristocratic political opponents and persecuted by the Spartans and the Athenians throughout Greece.
“The Spartans, either out of envy because he was glorified in Salamis, or out of revenge because he deceived them and built walls against their will in Athens, or to alleviate the shame brought to Sparta by the betrayal of their general Pausanias, about whom they said that he had allied with the Persians, or out of sincerity for the good of the Greeks, they accused Themistocles of being in collusion with Pausanias. the Persians.
Themistocles chose to avoid the court and the death that the Spartans set for Pausanias, he fled to Persia and died, due to illness or suicide according to tradition, of the Persian satrap in Magnesia.
His bones were secretly transported to Piraeus and finally the Athenians made a grave to thank him for his services in Athens and Greece.
Politicians are ultimately judged by the results, which we also sometimes have by chance or without the influence of anyone. But most of the time, planning also plays a key role, something that distinguishes Themistocles today from military schools around the world, and Themistocles knew how to masterfully plan the future of humanity and also masterfully execute his plans.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to historians, if the Persians had won in Salamis, the development of Greece would have stopped, and consequently Western civilization would not be what it is today. For this reason, the naval battle of Salamis is considered one of the most important battles in human history. 
If Themistocles did not exist and if he did not plan the catastrophe of the Persians for ten years, we certainly would not have the Parthenon today !!! Nor would Western civilization be as we know it today.
Anniversary of March 25 in the 50s. From the archive of the Kordogiannis family.
Pupils beautifully dressed for the celebration of March 25 in the 1950s in front of the then high school Astros in the school Karytsioti, today Archaeological Museum of Astros. The philologist Ioannis Arvanitis can be seen sitting in the middle in front standing behind him and our highest respected professor our mathematician Lambros Kordogiannis who although he was strict for many in the grading he always graded me excellently in all subjects, unfortunately for us he left Astros quickly around 1963. Here I have to confess publicly for me the best teachers I had were Lambros Kordogiannis and Panos Kampilis. They were both strict but they always tried with great interest to learn letters, so that we would not be “eaten by the marmaga”, as Panos Kampilis discreetly told us “Read so that the marmaga does not eat you”, which means you will remain illiterate, you will not progress , you will not succeed in university and you will starve in your life from poverty.
Anniversary of March 25, 1946. Teachers and students of Astros High School are immortalized in the schoolyard a few years after liberation from German occupation. Professors Ioan. Sioutos, Kon. Are recognized from the left. Kallitsis, Nik.Floudas, Mr. Hasapogiannis,… At the far right of the photo the school caretaker Stratis Pentafronimos. The photo from the archive of Kostas Pentafronimos
The museum also has a large courtyard area, where there are chimneys in the rooms of the boarding students of the school, can be seen in the photo, with their own story, which has been turned into an archeological park and exhibition.
Teachers of Astros High School in the ‘40s. From left 2nd Pan. Talliadoros, 3rd Sun. Hasapogiannis, 4th Nik. Floudas, 5th Ioannis Kouskounas, 6th Kon. Kallitsis, 7th Ioan. Pentafronimos. The photo from the archive of the family of Ioannis Pentafronimos.
In the farm of Astros in the 50’s. We recognize: in the front, sitting in the middle, Kyriakos (Koulis) Hasapogiannis – philologist – while in the back row, due to his height, Lambros Kordogiannis – mathematician stands out. Next to him, standing, second from the right is the philologist Ioannis Arvanitis. From the archive of the Kordogiannis family.
Gymnastic demonstrations in the upper stadium (nun field) where today is the church of Agios Pavlos in the 50’s. From left I. Sioutos, K. Hasapogiannis, K. Kallitsis, L. Kordogiannis.
The Hellenic Judicial Committee in June 1963. At the microphone the professor of Physical Education Lafazanis. Olive wreaths are there to crown the winners.
Distinguished from the left are our respected professors, philologist Panos Kampilis, mathematician Lambros Kordogiannis, gymnast P. Lafazanis and professor Maria Ploumpi in the 1960s, in the old stadium – courtyard of the then high school Astros for the three youngest at the Karytsioti school, today the Archaeological Museum of Astros and our teachers walked every day and sometimes they were late to arrive on time; in winter there was mud on the streets ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
The old Primary School of Agios Ioannis. It operated from 1867 to 1960..In Agiannis in 1829 in the village there was a Mutual School with about 150 students.
The photo was taken in front of the old primary school of Agiannis in 1958 by our fellow photographer and barber Thanasis Koutivas. Our late teacher Leonidas Kolovos can be seen with most of the students of the school, some of whom were absent that day. Some students are barefoot, most of us did not wear shoes during the summer months… We are lucky to have had a teacher, about 60-80 students, some say 100 some years, who did everything he could to teach us letters. Most of us farming parents raised their children with a lot of effort, love and an ardent desire to learn letters and “change lives”. The photo and the accompanying text by John Kourogiorgas
Our respect and admiration for the monuments and our history is evident, when 55 years ago we worshiped the “Holy Space” of the Second National Assembly of the Greeks.
This space can not be taken from us. This space is ours, it belongs to the local community and it does not belong to the managers of the Ministry of Culture, who sit in an office in Tripoli or Athens and decide unjustifiably for something that does not concern them directly.
The locals after the end of the Second National Assembly named the place where the National Assembly took place “Holy Space”, out of obvious respect, for the great contribution it offered to the Greek Nation. Here, for exaggeration, the “sanctuary” does not have a religious meaning but a National meaning, the place was recognized by the inhabitants as very important, as a “Holy Place”. The “sacred space” is modest and imposing, it is a “museum” in itself
The place was open for two hundred years and did not suffer anything. Recently, the Ministry of Culture, which does not do its job, to promote our cultural heritage, only knows how to “protect” too much, unjustifiably locked the place without decision, excessive headache and headache with the neighboring Archaeological Museum of Astros. IT IS HIDDEN FROM OUR MUNICIPALITY from also a headache and a pimp AND IT IS NOT CONTAINED on the website of our municipality, with a photo and two words… mercy anymore.
The 3rd class of the high school of Astros in 1966 in a representation of the 2nd National Assembly of the Greeks (from left Nikos Theodosopoulos, Giannis Barbouletos, Giannis Kourogiorgas, Tassos Dimakos, Stratis Dalianis, Stelios Harbalis and Vassilis K.>
Astros is mainly known in our homeland by all Greeks and to expatriates abroad by the Second National Assembly of the Greeks that took place in 1823, for which the whole world knows us. The “squid” Astrinos, from the squid they used to write in the famous School of Karytsioti, offered much to their homeland during those difficult moments for our nation when everything was hanging by a thread to drown the revolution in blood. But before the National Assembly, the catalytic acquisition of the Karytsiotis School had preceded
The “squid” Astrinos, faithful to the tradition of millennia of people of the Greek measure and national reconciliation, were called at that time by the nation to reconcile the warring camps for a national dialogue and achieved it with results, under the influence and leadership of Agianitis responsible for military security in time of war of the National Assembly, Panos Zafeiropoulos or Akouros. Astros was chosen for the National Assembly, because in Astros there were many squids and it was undoubtedly a place of common acceptance and would better help the nation.
In 1960, 60 years ago, the primary schools of Agiannis and Astros, participate together in the parade of March 25, in a spirit of “national reconciliation”, after the hostilities had stopped since their recent separation, which had taken place about 3- 4 years earlier. The flag bearers Nektarios Dikaios of Astros Primary School and Giannis Kourogiorgas of Agiannis Primary School together in front of the same line… so that there is no doubt… since we were all equal Βασί In front of the drums Vassilis Hasapogiannis and Stratis Kapsalis of the school had not a single drum… ”The photo and the accompanying text were sent to us by John Kourogiorgas.
Teacher Nick Καραμαντζάνης stands out on the right.. The older ones will remember faces and buildings… – with John Kourogiorgas.
In 1965, 56 years ago, 2nd Grade of Lyceum excursion to Ai Giorgis, under Paliopanagia, we sang with passion, “From the morning in the rain and in the liopiri for a bite and a glass and the glory of God”.
In the photo, from left to first, Costas Bournakis, Dinos Pentafronimos, Andreas Koulentianos, Costas Oikonomou, Giannis Kourogiorgas, Stratis Dalianis, Nikos Theodosopoulos, Giannis Maglis, Stelios Harbalis. “
Photos and text were sent to us by John Kourogiorgas
In the school year 1962-1963, in the third grade of Astros High School with the late teacher and our friend Nikos Vlachakis .. I am right fourth in line in the window, as we see in the photo. We are one hundred students in the first grade and we finished 40 in 1966, with some additions and subtractions. The second grade was then called the fourth grade, since the high school had 6 grades, starting from the third and ending in the eighth, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th.
In November 1963, the Center Union emerged as the first party in the national elections and the newly elected Prime Minister and Minister of Education, G. Papandreou, with E. Papanoutsos as his advisor, established free education at all levels. The Gymnasium now had three classes 1st, 2nd, 3rd as well as Lyk ειο had three classes 1st, 2nd, 3rd. Changes were also made to the university admission system. The grades of the last two grades of Lyceum were taken into account in the score for admission to universities.
Then, in order to go to university for a year, your father had to sell a field, if he had… With the educational reform, all the people of toil could now more easily study their children to change their lives. When I finished high school we are 40 students and I think 36-38 went to universities. Only in the Law School did they succeed 6. It goes without saying that there will be many of us today…. without this education reform, which is very important for us.
The photo and the accompanying text by John Kourogiorgas
The Karytsioti school in 1967 and later was the Lyceum of Astros, as we all know, and became the Archaeological Museum of Astros in 1985.
It is incorrectly mentioned for eight years on the website of our municipality that it became a museum in 1959, see in the link below one of the pearls on the website of our municipality, which the mayor and the competent deputy mayor know and will correct one day, it is nothing great Τι .what can we say is also a big job….
On the website of our municipality on the page Archaeological Museum of Astros in the third paragraph it is mentioned:
Archaeological Museum of Astros DiscoverKynouria.gr
Agiannites in the square of AiGiorgis in Agiannis late 19th to early 20th century
Very old photo from the end of the 19th century, Agiannites on an excursion to Xerokambi, the seated aristocrats of the time and occupying with their European clothes …. and the standing village servants not owning with their own traditional clothes …..
Astrinoι dance in the square in Astros in the 1950s
Backgammon and cafe, Astrinoi in the 1950s in the cafe “Trick” by Tzivelopoulos or Giorgona, we also had our nicknames, in the square in Astros.
Celebrating the 200 years (1765 – 1965) from the reconstruction of the Karytsiotis school in Agiannis, November 7, 1965, a group of visitors is photographed in front of the founding inscription of the School in Koutri, where during the Turkish occupation and until 1826 the School of Agios Ioannis was located. on the right the notary Kyriakos Kouskounas and in front of him, on the right the doctor Giannakis Efthimiou. On the top left with the coat is Nikolaos Alexandrou with his son George in front of him.
Kastraki of Meligou is about 3 km from Astros and from there the view of Thyreatida Gis (Thyreas), the whole plain of Astros and Agios Andreas, is enjoyable. At the top of the hill there are crumbling walls from our long history. Kastraki was known in ancient Greece and in medieval times probably with the name Astritsi or Kastritsi with a history of at least 3,500 years. In recent years, before the 1960s, the inhabitants of Thyrea celebrated the Halloween in Kastraki with a “three-way feast”, dances, clarinet, violins, songs, paper war, ribbons and kites, beautiful years.
At the foot of the hill is Lake Moustos. Moustos, a wetland of Kynouria, is part of the European network Natura 2000 and has been designated as a protected area, as it is a refuge for a significant population of migratory birds that overwinter in it.
Tower house of the post-Byzantine period on the low hill “Kastraki” southeast of the Winter Meligou of North Kynouria, in a place where there are traces of fortifications from earlier times. The site overlooks the plain of Astros and part of the Argolic Gulf.
On the hill there is a human presence from the Mycenaean to the recent years. During the classical period there must have been some settlement here, perhaps the ancient Thyrea (not certain).
Architectural remains of Hellenistic and Roman times have been found in the area. There are also finds from the early Byzantine period, as well as traces of medieval fortifications.
Of the buildings on the hill, what interests us most here is the tower house. It is the type of mansions built by the Ottoman landowners during the 17th and especially during the 18th century. Very close to the tower house there is a one-room vaulted church, which according to an inscription was erected in 1611 by the monks of the Monastery of Eleousa (Paleopanagia).
The proximity of the temple to the tower house is a bit strange. It seems rather unlikely that an Ottoman built his mansion next to the church. So either the tower house was built before the church or the dating of the church is wrong.
We consider it more probable that the tower house was built at the beginning of the 17th century and was abandoned for some reason relatively quickly. When the church was built, the monks must have used the tower as well. It is not ruled out that the church and the tower were built from the beginning as a monastic complex. We know that the facilities on the hill together with the church were in 1612 part of the Holy Trinity of Meligos, according to a sigil of Patriarch Neophytos II. We will place the construction of the tower at the beginning of the 17th century, but with reservations. In fact, we do not know for sure when the tower house was built.
Structural, Architectural, Fortification Elements
The tower has two floors. The entrance was on the north side of the ground floor, which consists of vaulted areas. Rifles are opened on the ground floor walls. Access to the floor was provided by an external masonry staircase formed above a vaulted space.
On the first floor there are two main living areas with a fireplace in one of them and cabinets in the thickness of the masonry, which consists of brickwork using bricks and binder mortar.
To the north and east of the hill, part of an ancient fortification is preserved, while on the eastern steep slope, a retaining wall, probably from the Roman period, is located. During this period there was a leveling and a new configuration of the plateau of the hill.
To the northwest of the plateau there are remains of a building probably of late Hellenistic times. Parts of a medieval wall are located on the east and west sides of the hill. The wall is made of coarsely carved stones, relatively large with the insertion of tiles and mortar.