From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.
Pera Melana, built on the slope of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 200 µ., Is 7 km from Tyros and 13 km from Leonidio. It is a village that has been characterized as a traditional settlement and most of its inhabitants speak the Tsakonian dialect. It consists of two districts, Livadi and Dernikeika. Between the two neighborhoods is the church of Panagia which is honored on the 15th of August.
In Pera Melana the visitable for the common Folklore Museum is housed in a beautiful traditional stone building, where the old school of the settlement operated. The museum includes local Tsakonian costumes, local textiles, the famous Tsakonian tagaria that were made with great skill by the weavers in the village, typical local costumes, photographic material, traditional everyday objects and tools, etc. In the sanctuary of Apollo Tyritas at the top of the Prophet Elias Melanon, a square altar and a retaining wall of the 4th c. e.g. The worship in the sanctuary of Tyritas began in the 8th c. e.g. and was more intense in the 7th, 6th and 5th c. e.g. with a glimpse of the 4th century. Tyritas was probably an old local deity who helped produce milk and cheese, but over time he was identified with Apollo, keeping the old name as an adjective. Its sanctuary experienced the greatest prosperity of all the sanctuaries of the region in the archaic period, perhaps due to its central location in Kynouria