Τhe two hundred years of the fall of Tripolitsa

Today marks two hundred years since the great event of the Fall of Tripoli that justified the strategic planning of Theodoros Kolokotronis, overwhelmingly imposing the prevalence of the revolution in Moria during the crucial first year of the great uprising of the Genos.

Tripoli was the great Turkish city of Moria founded by the Ottomans after 1461, who to show the grandeur of the city gave it the Old Turkish name of the gardens of Islamic paradise, while to emphasize the mighty Ottoman military power within of its walls they called it “the Doors of the Lion”. For the Greeks it was just “poor Tripolitsa”, because in its surroundings there was the terrible palukorachi, where the Ottomans beat the Greeks alive by the hundreds, while in the center there was the terrible “Platanitsa of Tripolitsa”, where they hung the captains and .

The significance of the Fall of Tripoli lies not only in the justification of Kolokotronis’ strategic planning but also in the fact that the initial successes of the Elder of Moria in Valtetsi, Vervena and Doliana, caused chain political developments in Paparis, Chrysovitsa, Kaltez. which led to the formation of the Peloponnesian Senate and the first state reconstruction of Hellenism since the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

This is exactly where the concept of conquest instead of liberation comes into play. The only cities for which Hellenism uses the term conquest are Constantinople and Tripoli. In 1453 Byzantine Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans, while in 1821 the Ottoman misery Tripolitsa was conquered by the Greek revolutionaries. In 1453 in Constantinople the state status of Hellenism was catalyzed, while in 1821 in Tripoli the state status of the Ottomans was catalyzed and the state status of the Nation was revived. In 1453 in Constantinople we had the burial of Hellenism and in 1821 in Tripoli we had a national uprising. Konstantinos Paleologos symbolizes the glorious end and Theodoros Kolokotronis the glorious Polygenesis. That is why Theodoros Kolokotronis is the greatest figure of Modern Hellenism after the time of Constantine Paleologos.

Immediately after the Fall, Tripolitsa lived about 4 years of freedom but in a regime of factionalism and civil war. Her liberator Theodoros Kolokotronis was imprisoned and its first mayor (political and military commander), Panos Kolokotronis (son of Kolokotronis) was killed. Until 1825 the city was conquered again by Ibrahim. After 3 years of new bloody struggles, Theodoros Kolokotronis re-entered the city as a liberator on February 18, 1829, after Ibrahim had leveled it. But even after the assassination of Kapodistrias and the imposition of the Bavarian Kingdom, the last act of the drama of Greek independence was to be played again in Tripoli. After the death sentence of Kolokotronis, the rebellious Moraites wanted to occupy Tripolitsa with the Vlach Revolution (or Messinian Revolution) and were suffocated in blood by the Bavarians, Kolletis and Mavrokordatos. Many of Moria’s fighters who fought the Ottoman dynasty and the Egyptian conqueror were sentenced to death and executed as traitors in 1834.

The heavy historical heritage of Tripolitsa is the one that imposed the way the city was liberated in 1944 by the German occupation forces and their sad Greek collaborators. Tripoli is the only Greek city that, following the order of the Greek Government of Cairo and the assent of the Allied Headquarters of the Middle East, ELAS entered the city as a liberating National Army, preventing a new civilian massacre like that of Meligalas.

Tripoli is not a simple city. It is the towering milestone of the national and political identity of the whole of Modern Hellenism. According to the science of history and archeology, Old Tripolitsa no longer exists. Tripoli has taken its place, which is nothing more than a creation of the Bavarians. Perhaps that is why the national and political message of the city has faded so much nowadays and with it the national and political identity of modern Hellenism has faded. However, in the souls of its people, who still feel “Drompolitsiotes” and not “Tripolites”, the same flame that Theodoros Kolokotronis lit inside them and lit that Friday morning on September 23, 1821, illuminating the road to freedom, is still burning. of the Genus…

Text: George Th. Prachalias

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