From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “
Municipality of Tyros
The Municipality of Tyros was a municipality of the prefecture of Arcadia that was created in 1993 with the merger of the former Communities of Tyros and Sapounakaika, which are residential and constitute the town of Tyros. In 1997, with the “Ioannis Kapodistrias” program, the former Community of Pera Melanes was added to the Municipality of Tyros, constituting the Municipal Department of the Municipality of Tyros. It operated in the period 1993-2010, when it was abolished with the implementation of the Kallikratis program and joined the new Municipality of South Kynouria as a Municipal Unit of Tyros, with a total population of 1,779 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census. The seat of the Municipality is Leonidio. It is located in the east of the prefecture and is bathed by the Argolic Gulf and the Myrtos Sea. It is 180 km from Athens, 20 km from Leonidio, 30 km from Astros and just 14 nautical miles from Spetses.
Tyros, one of the oldest naval states of the Peloponnese, belongs to the area of historic Tsakonia, where the Tsakonian dialect is still spoken. The town of Tire has been characterized as a traditional settlement and enchants the visitor as it impressively combines mountain and sea. It has a modern tourist infrastructure and in its modern port tourist boats of all types can be moored. At 18 km of coastline it has many beaches: the coastal settlements of Kryoneri and Tserfo on the road to Agios Andreas, the small resort of Agios Christoforos and the beautiful beach of Zaritsi located in the bay of the same name. Nearby are the beaches of Livadi, Kissakas, Lygeria, as well as Tigani beach at the end of the pine-covered slope. At the edge of this beach is the “cave of lovers”. At the southern end of the port, at the top of the rock, above Lygeria beach, there are three windbreaks built around 1920, with a wonderful view to the sea.
Tyros has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Remains of an ancient settlement and cyclopean walls are located at the top of Kastro hill, above the current port. Ancient finds have been found on the Paliochora plateau of Tyros and on Mount Orion (1,194 m.), Which are now in the museums of Sparta, Tripoli, Astros, the Benaki Museum, as well as the Louvre museum. In the place that today is the chapel of the Prophet Elias, on the homonymous hill, are the ruins of a temple dedicated to the god Apollo Tyrita, a local deity who was worshiped in the area and who probably gave its name to Tire. In Tyros every Easter you will see some of the most beautiful Easter customs of Greece. On Good Friday the epitaphs are processed on the coastal road of the town accompanied by the boats of the fishing fleet, on Holy Saturday night at the time of the Resurrection the burning of Judas in the sea on a floating platform (See p. 272). On Easter Sunday, the Tsakonian feast takes place in the central square, with the reading of the Gospel in the Tsakonian dialect. Several events and festivals are organized in the area. In Tyros Beach, Agia Marina on July 17 (image procession) and Several events and festivals are organized in the area. At Tyros Beach, Agia Marina on July 17 (image procession) and the Transfiguration of the Savior on August 6, Agios Christoforos on May 9 (Zaritsi), Agios Ioannis on June 29 (Paliochora), Profitis Ilias on July 20 at homonymous chapel of Agios Panteleimon on July 27 (Stenoma) and Agios Dimitrios on the first Sunday of September (Soha). On the plateau of Paleochora of Tire, at an altitude of 755 m., Is the sink of Dersios known since antiquity, which in recent years has been explored by foreign and Greek speleologists (See p. 134).