In our country we generally have a long history and prehistory. The Peloponnese also has many historical and archaeological monuments and the most important Greek cultures from the Pelasgians, Achaeans, Danes, Argeians, Arcadians, Ionians and Dorians.
In particular, Kynouria and Thyreatis Land also have a long history of about 3,000 years (since the beginning of history we are present) longer prehistory of about 8,000 years. The indigenous Pelasgians had a golden rule that for millennia until today the inhabitants of Thyrea faithfully applied, mutual respect, consensus, conciliation and the Greek measure. They were also influenced and kept the best of all the Greeks who passed through Thyreatida Land.
In ancient Greece was known the famous Battle of Thyrea, or the Battle of 600 “logades” between Argos and Sparta for Thyrateida Land, which took place in 546 BC.
“Kynouria from the end of the 11th c. e.g. until Roman times, it was a sought-after booty to satisfy the interests of Sparta and Argos. Geographically, its area is divided into two large sections. The north, which in ancient times corresponded to Thyreatida, with the main settlement of Thyrea and secondary Anthini, Nirida, Eva and Astros, while the south corresponded to the land of Prasia, in which there was the main settlement Prasiai and the secondary , Cheese and Sculpture. Until the 7th c. e.g. Kynouria must maintain its autonomy (resulting from the participation of the Greens in the Amphitryon of Kalavria) despite the efforts of Argos and Sparta to annex it. “
In the whole of Thyrea it is not an exaggeration to say that if you pick up a small stone you will find a historical monument and an archeological treasure. Like Astros, which in 1823 became the Second National Assembly of the Greeks, all the neighboring villages have contributed a lot to the Greek revolution of 1821 and have a long history. The most important historical villages are Agios Ioannis <Agiannis> was the capital of the Greek state in 1822, Paralio Astros, Korakovouni, Agios Petros, Prastos, Kastanitsa, Sitaina, Vervena and Doliana.
In the neighboring Tsakonochoria, Prastos, Kastanitsa, Sitaina, Agios Andreas, Leonidio and Tyros, the Tsakonian dialect is spoken until today, which has its roots in the ancient Doric. In some villages there are signs with the inscription “Kaour Ekane”, which means welcome. The Tsakonian “che poiou” means what are you doing? <Comes from the ancient verb I do>, which means otherwise for those who know ancient Greek will pass better in Tsakonia…
We have proposed to our municipality, to all those responsible for the committee “Greece 2021” and to the common mind, the four issues of the Thyreatis Land, which undoubtedly played a catalytic importance for the organization and success of the liberation struggle.
In our opinion, the most important historical monuments in our municipality that we must always distinguish and promote where we can are:
Landmarks of 1821- The historic Astros of Kynouria
We have a long history and many monuments, but we have many other related topics that we will post later, such as some of the following.
We will post the next topics soon and much more.
6) Traditional Villages ,
7) The Tsakones
Θουκιδύδης [2.27.1] “Ἀνέστησαν δὲ καὶ Αἰγινήτας τῷ αὐτῷ θέρει τούτῳ ἐξ Αἰγίνης Ἀθηναῖοι, αὐτούς τε καὶ παῖδας καὶ γυναῖκας,…..2.27.2] ἐκπεσοῦσι δὲ τοῖς Αἰγινήταις οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι ἔδοσαν Θυρέαν οἰκεῖν καὶ τὴν γῆν νέμεσθαι, ….ἡ δὲ Θυρεᾶτις γῆ μεθορία τῆς Ἀργείας καὶ Λακωνικῆς ἐστίν, ἐπὶ θάλασσαν καθήκουσα. καὶ οἱ μὲν αὐτῶν ἐνταῦθα ᾤκησαν, οἱ δ᾽ ἐσπάρησαν κατὰ τὴν ἄλλην Ἑλλάδα”. 2.27.1,2] “
Thucydides 2.27.1,2] “In the same summer, the Athenians displaced all the inhabitants of Aegina, men, women and children…. They did it out of hatred against the Athenians and because the Aeginians had helped them when the great earthquake had taken place and when the Helots had revolted. Thyreatis land is located on the border of Argeia land and Laconian and reaches the sea. “Some of the Aeginians settled there and the others scattered all over Greece.”