Robespierre, the “Incorruptible”, in the time of his omnipotence has established and followed convincingly the limited term of one day, because he knew power corrupts. As much as it may seem excessive, the power he had was only for one day and was renewed every day.
“Robespierre is now considered a controversial figure. Others considered him a dictator and others a good, fiery and, above all, exemplary moral revolutionary.
The most famous version is that he was a man of unparalleled morality who, in his attempt to create an ideal world as he imagined it, was forced to exterminate his enemies, whom he considered deeply corrupt and populist, thus highlighting the contradiction between the ideal and the real. application in the relentless world of the struggle for worldly power.
Although, due to his personal honesty, his unblemished private life and his ruthless character, he had been called “incorruptible” by his contemporaries, he did not hesitate to consolidate his status, to send daily through the Revolutionary Court to the throat and throat “Hundreds of French citizens are dissidents, royalty, moderates, anarchists, thieves, suspects, men, women, and even children convicted in summary proceedings.”
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“Maximilian Robespierre (May 6, 1758 – July 28, 1794) was a French politician, a dominant figure in the French Revolution of 1789.
He was born in the city of Arras on May 6, 1758 and was beheaded in Paris on July 28, 1794. He lived a very difficult and poor childhood, but he managed to study law in Paris and returned to his hometown to practice law and at the same time to study poetry and music. art, elected member of the Academy of Arras.
In 1789 he was elected a representative in the Assembly of Classes in which he did not initially receive any distinction and special attention. Only Mirabo, who was watching Robespierre’s meticulous speeches, said: “This young man will go ahead because he believes in what he says”. At that time, Robespierre was still moderate and in favor of the kingdom, and he had proposed the abolition of the death penalty.
Entering politics and rising to power
In 1789, while still opposed to the death penalty, Robespierre was elected a representative in the Assembly of Classes. Shortly afterwards the French Revolution broke out. Camille Demoulin’s friend, a dynamic young student (who was later beheaded by Robespierre) will lead those who will be the first to shout “To the Bastille!” and the people will occupy the symbol of totalitarianism, the prisons of the Bastille, on July 14, 1789.
The following year (1790) Robespierre was elected President of the left wing of the Jacobins. After 1791, the “Incorruptible”, as he used to be called, no longer has any doubt about the King’s guilt. Louis XVI is on trial and Robespierre was to say about his conviction: “The greatest criminal in the world should not be tried, he is already convicted!”. The death sentence of the King is a fact and Louis is executed on the guillotine on January 21, 1793. On June 2, with Robespierre in control of the Conventional Assembly, the Jacobins outlaw their opponents, the Girondins, and take full power.
Terrorism and new measures
Robespierre ruled for the next few months almost dictatorially, relying on new bodies, such as the Revolutionary Courts, which tried and guillotined the so-called “enemies of the people” and the powerful Common Salvation Committee. He was the “Triandria” (of which he was the leading figure) together with the close associates of Saint Just and Couton
9th Thermidor coup and the fall of the Incorruptible. The new measures provoked even greater reactions. On the 9th of Thermidor of the 2nd year of the Revolution, that is, on July 27, 1794, Robespierre appeared at the Conventional Assembly and stated that he had in his possession a list of enemies of the people, among them members of the Assembly, whom he did not mention. This meant arresting and executing them through summary proceedings. Fearing that they might be on the list, most members of the Convention caused a pandemic. and did not let the lawyer from Aras speak. Not even his friend Saint-Just, a prominent orator who seduced the crowds, could say anything. Instead, a member of the National Assembly challenged him to say the names, forcing Robespierre to be surprised and make various excuses, after which many members demanded his arrest as an enemy of the unity of the people. It was a well-organized conspiracy, which in a few moments ousted the just mighty tyrant.
Robespierre and his friends, realizing the unfavorable climate for them, will leave with difficulty with the area of the Conventional Assembly and will go to the town hall. Unfortunately for them, they seemed weak at that critical moment as well as extremely unlucky. Instead of resorting to military forces that he still controlled, Robespierre took refuge in the town hall, where there were no military forces. Also, the corps leader who ran to his aid was, although a brave officer, drunk and irresponsible, with the result that the aid was delayed at a time when most units were loyal to Robespierre and could still control the events.
Eventually, the gendarmerie raided the City Hall to arrest him, where, according to one version, a young gendarme named Merda would punch Robespierre in the jaw with a pistol. However, the prevailing version is that Robespierre injured himself. Anyway, as soon as the “Incorruptible”‘s chin was crushed, Saint Just did not bring any more resistance, Couton rolled in his wheelchair to escape and almost killed himself while sliding on the stairs, Le Ba committed suicide while his brother, Augou Robespierre was injured trying to escape from the balcony of the town hall by jumping from a high enough height on the paved road (he was not killed, because he fell on two people), while the people were watching the dramatic events icy.
Many people, supporters of Robespierre, rose up and demanded his release, while he now looked like a captured savage, surprised as he was by the unexpected turn of events, stunned, with torn clothes. Eventually, he was imprisoned in Conciergerie, next to the cell where Marie Antoinette had previously been imprisoned. You only came out of there for beheading. ”