Prometheus Bound by Aeschylus is the most important book of all time and all cultures, that we should all read and know.
According to the myth of Protagoras (490-420 BC), Prometheus stole from the gods Athena and Hephaestus and gave people the “artful wisdom plus fire”. Wisdom and art have allowed man to survive the wild beasts of his primitive environment, but at the same time to differentiate himself from animals in order to be able to create human civilization.
Zeus punished Prometheus for his disrespect and bravery, to free people from their shackles, not to reconcile with the misery of their situation that all the establishment tells them, but to struggle with their ingenuity and hard work to improve their living conditions.
Before the three great tragedians of the Athenian republic, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides were Phrynichus and Thespis.
Aeschylus made significant changes in the tragedy and especially for his substantial and majestic contribution to the great problems of his time he is undoubtedly considered by everyone as the father of tragedy and for this he was recognized by his fellow citizens fro many years after his death.
Aeschylus (525 – 456 BC) wrote about 80 tragedies and only seven survive. (Promitheus Desmotis, Persai. Iketides, Agamemnon, Hoifori, Eumenides, Seven on Thebes).
The Athenian Republic for the education and upbringing of the citizens provided to the citizens free of charge theatrical performances of the great tragedies of the time.
Aeschylus won the first prize 28 times in the Athenian dramatic games. The Athenian Republic after his death, as a sign of honor to his face and recognition of his work, his works were played again in the Athenian dramatic games, despite the fact that in the dramatic celebrations they accepted only new works.
His work is distinguished for its magnificence, height, depth and original way.
From the New World.
“Aeschylus considered as the greatest achievement of his life his participation in the Battle of Marathon, in the Battle of Artemisio and in the Naval Battle of Salamis, which is very important for world culture.
The Sicilian Greeks erected a monument to his tomb, on which they engraved the following epigram, written by Aeschylus himself, feeling perhaps that its end was near:
“Under this stone is Aeschylus
son of Euphorion, Athenian,
lost in the grain land of Gela.
For his honored bravery he can
to speak the grove of Marathon
or the long-haired Medos who knows her well “.
The other great tragedians are Sophocles (496 BC-406 BC) who is distinguished for the beauty of tragedy and Euripides (480 BC – 406 BC) who is distinguished for the passion of tragedy .
From the trilogy of Aeschylus “Prometheus” only the second part survives, “Prometheus bound”. – The first part was “Pyrphorus Prometheus” and the third was “Prometheus detachable”.
The faces of tragedy are.
State and Violence (personification)
Ocean Dance (Nymphs)
Io the Inachou
See the link
Αισχύλου Προμηθεύς Δεσμώτης (mikrosapoplous.gr)
Αισχύλος, 525 – 456 π.Χ. – Ο πρώτος από τους τρεις μεγάλους τραγικούς ποιητές – Neos Kosmos
Προμηθεύς Δεσμώτης (μετάφραση Ζερβού) – Βικιθήκη (wikisource.org)