The great Leaders of 1821

A statue of general Theodoros Kolokotronis, in Nafplio, Greece, pointing on to lead his troops into battle against the Ottoman Turks. Photo by Dimitirs Kalamaras, Flickr
A statue of general Theodoros Kolokotronis, in Nafplio, Greece, pointing on to lead his troops into battle against the Ottoman Turks. Photo by Dimitirs Kalamaras, Flickr

“Fire and ax to the worshipers” said the old man of Moria, Theodoros Kolokotronis

The Greek revolution of 1821 after four hundred years of slavery and darkness, a unique phenomenon in world history, took place because there were still people like Kolokotronis or Papaflessas, who not only set us free, but left us legacies that we must remain free even today.

Papaflessas


Papaflessas, the Minister of Interior of the government, sacrificed himself, left the chairs ….. in Maniaki to keep the flame of the revolution waiting. ΤανWhen he was sent by the Friendly Society to the Peloponnese to observe if there were conditions for the revolution to begin. When he met the enslaved Greeks he called them. What are you still waiting for, woe to you if you are late, the revolution has started in Odessa and we will soon enter Istanbul. When he returned to Odessa to tell his partners what he saw in the Peloponnese, he told them, what are you waiting for, woe to you if you are late, all Morias revolted, drove out the Turks and they will soon enter Constantinople. His competitors rightly called him “the burlotier of the soul”


Theodoros Kolokotronis

We never surrendered. Fire and ax to the collaborators of the conquerors.

The “political wisdom” of General Theodoros Kolokotronis played a catalytic importance in order to maintain the necessary “national reconciliation and national unity” at that time, at the Second National Assembly in the historic Astros of Kynouria. The old man of Moria accepted “what was decided” by the assembly, even his dismissal by a general, who had won on the battlefields by the fighters, as in the defeat of Dramalis in Dervenakia, which undoubtedly played a catalytic role in the victorious course of the liberation match. The old man of Moria, although dismissed from the national assembly from the position of general, signed the declaration of the national assembly, which then the national assembly responded with the declaration, to the world and the elders of the time. “We are determined to become independent, as an autonomous and independent nation.” a little topical today…

The old man of Moria was born under a a tree in the mountains of Moria, because their father there fought the conquerors, he was not easily comfortable in the “mansions” and “mansions” of the collaborators of Kotzabas. The thieves and the Kolokotronians were always free and never they were enslaved for four hundred years, and fought the Turkish conquerors in the plains and mountains.
When the revolution in the second year showed the difficulties that existed, our English friends sent an admiral to reconcile the wars. The admiral met the old man of Morias in Nafplio and asked him to reconcile with the Turkish conquerors and the old man of Morias gave the answer .
Below, the old man of Moria says it all in two words.

We never surrendered, we fought the Turkish conquerors non-stop for four hundred years in the plains and in the mountains, and to better understand the admiral continued. Fire and ax to the collaborators of the conquerors. The admiral understood well and the meeting ended quickly


Rigas Velestinlis or Rigas Feraios

Rigas Velestinlis or Rigas Feraios (1757 – 1798) influenced by the European Enlightenment and the French Revolution, a thinker and revolutionary, is considered a national martyr and the forerunner of the Greek Revolution of 1821.

Anxious from an early age, he traveled to Greece and Europe. In Vienna, he printed the Thurium and the Charter, his revolutionary proclamation in thousands of copies, in order to be distributed to the Greeks of the other liberal regions of the Balkans. He wrote books on his subjects such as The Constitution of the Hellenic Republic, Human Rights and others.

Rigas was arrested in Trieste by the Austrian authorities on December 19, 1797, interrogated and tortured, and taken to Vienna in handcuffs on February 14, 1798, where he was interrogated along with his other comrades. and imprisoned in the Nebojsa Tower, a riverside fortress in Belgrade. After continuous torture and without trial on June 24, 1798, they were strangled and their bodies dumped on the Danube.

As soon as Rigas’ arrest was learned, many appealed to the Sultan for his release. However, his enemies convinced the Sultan that he had to be killed without trial, before his revolutionary actions led to an uprising in the Balkans. The enemies of Rigas, the Kotzabasides, were more interested in the establishment, its chairs with their staffs and their spoons, and in this way they avenged Rigas for the threatened overthrow of the ruling situation, which would probably have resulted if his revolutionary preparations had been carried out. Another reason for their killing was the belief of the Austrian and Turkish authorities that Rigas and his comrades had close relations with Napoleon AD, thus considered extremely dangerous.

The Ottoman government was concerned about Rigas’s connections with other Serb rebels, fearing even an attack on Belgrade, and was reluctant to order their transfer from Belgrade to the city, as the possibility of his revolutionary friends on the way to him. release. The Serbs honored Rigas in Belgrade with a statue as well as the name of the street Riga od Fere (Rigas Feraios in Serbian). There is a memorial plaque in Neboisa Tower, where Rigas Velestinlis died a horrible death.

Before his death, his guards bullied him with death and torture, and the response of the great thinker and forerunner of the Greek revolution of 1821 is courageous and timeless. “I sowed many fruits and my nation will reap”


Alexandros Ypsilantis


Alexandros Ypsilantis 1792 – 1828) military, scholar and leader of the Friendly Society, important Greek of the Diaspora was a lieutenant general of the Russian army and participated in the Vienna conference in 1814-1815 where the fate of the people of the time was decided by the great people of the time.
Alexandros Ypsilantis also left his comforts and positions and practically started the Greek revolution militarily on 22-24 February 1821 in Moldavia.The following text from Wikipedia:
At that meeting in St. Petersburg on April 11, 1820, Ypsilantis received him politely and, after some questions about his origin and various other cases, asked him to find out how the Greeks were doing.
Xanthos replied that the Turks were tyrannizing them and that tyranny had become unbearable. This was followed by the following dramatic dialogue.

Ypsilantis: “Why do the Greeks not try to act so that, if they can not free themselves from the yoke, at least to alleviate it?”

Xanthos: “Prince, by what means and with what guides should the unfortunate Greeks act to improve the politics of their situation?” They were abandoned by those who could lead them, because all the good expatriates take refuge in foreign lands and leave the expatriates of the orphans. Behold, Count Kapodistrias is serving Russia, your blessed father took refuge here and Karatzas in Italy, you who served Russia lost your right hand in favor of it, and other equal good refugees in Christian Europe are living there, without care. for their unfortunate brothers. “

Xanthos: “Prince, by what means and with what guides should the unfortunate Greeks act to improve the politics of their situation?” They were abandoned by those who could lead them, because all the good expatriates take refuge in foreign lands and leave the expatriates of the orphans. Behold, Count Kapodistrias is serving Russia, your blessed father took refuge here and Karatzas in Italy, you who served Russia lost your right hand in favor of it, and other equal good refugees in Christian Europe are living there, without care. for their unfortunate brothers. “

Ypsilantis: “If I knew that my expatriates needed me and were thinking, that I could contribute to their happiness, I honestly tell you that I willingly made any sacrifice, even my situation, and I will sacrificing for them “.

Xanthos (stands up and excited): “Show me, Prince, your hand in confirmation of what you have expressed”.

Ypsilantis, looking at him intently, gave him his hand with admiration.

Ypsilantis, an enthusiastic patriot, although unfamiliar with Greek and international issues at the time, was soon overwhelmed by the dramatic tone of Xanthos’ voice, as well as by his own enthusiasm and deep faith in the dreams of the Greek nation. Thus the mission of one had been fulfilled, while the ambitions of the other, to become the liberator of his nation, began to be realized.

Xanthos revealed to the prince the secrets of the Friendly Society and he with emotion and enthusiasm is catechized and sworn in according to the standard of the company, where he is recognized as General Commissioner of the Authority. He was given the nickname “Kalos” and the letters of the Greek alphabet “a.r.” to sign his letters. Thus, pressured by the situation,

Ypsilantis issues a declaration of independence, crosses the river Pruthos on February 22, 1821 and finally raises the flag of the Revolution in the Danube hegemony, specifically in Iasi of Moldavia, two days later, on February 24, issuing a new in favor of faith and homeland. The choice of Moldavia and Wallachia should probably be sought in the fact that in these areas the stay of the Turkish army was forbidden, while from 1709 the local rulers were Greek Phanariotes

The Holy Corps is formed consisting of 500 students. On March 4, Greek sailors capture and equip 15 ships, while on March 17, Ypsilantis raises the flag in Bucharest, facing the army of three pashas in Galatsi, Dragatsani, Slatina, Skuleni and Seko.

Ypsilantis’ army was destroyed in the battle of Dragatsani on June 7, 1821 and retreated to the Austrian border. The reasons for its failure should be sought mainly in the lack of combat forces. Ypsilantis surrendered to the Austrians, was imprisoned and released on November 24, 1827. His shaky health has not allowed him to help the rebellious nation ever since. He died in Vienna two months after his release on January 31, 1828. “


Laskarina “Bouboulina”

Laskarina “Bouboulina” was the most important woman who took part in the revolution, spent her significant fortune in the liberation struggle with her army and “her lads” and in times of darkness showed women all over the world the way they deserve. in society and in the state.

The following text from Wikipedia.
Laskarina “Bouboulina” Pinotsi (Istanbul, May 11, 1771 – Spetses, May 22, 1825) was a Greek heroine of the Greek Revolution of 1821. Probably, she was the most important woman who took part in the revolution. After his death, he received the rank of Vice Admiral from the Hellenic State.

He fought heroically in 1821. Bouboulina, having already become a member of the Friendly Society in Istanbul, which was preparing the Greek revolution, and being the only woman who was initiated into it, in the lowest degree of initiation since women were not accepted, as she returned to Spetses, bought secret weapons and ammunition. from foreign ports, which she then hid in her house, while she began the construction of the ship Agamemnon [7], its flagship, which was completed in 1820. For the construction of Agamemnon it was reported to the High Gate that she secretly built a warship, but Bouboulina managed to complete its construction by bribing the Turkish inspector sent to Spetses and achieving the exile of those who denounced her.

In 1819 Bouboulina visited Istanbul again Revolution When the Greek revolution began, it had formed its own expeditionary force of Spetses, whom it called “my brave lads”. She had undertaken to arm, maintain and pay for this army on her own, as she did with her ships and crews, something that continued for many years and made her spend a lot of money to be able to encircle the Turkish forts, the Nafplio and Tripoli. So the first two years of the revolution she had spent all her fortune.

The mansion of the Boubouli family “in neighboring Spetses opposite the historic Astros” was transformed in 1991 by the owner and descendant of the heroine, Filippo Demertzi-Boubouli into a museum, the Bouboulinas Museum, which has been visited by hundreds of thousands. “In it you can see a collection of weapons, letters and other archives, old books, portraits of Bouboulina, her personal belongings, furniture, distinctions awarded to her mainly by foreign governments and much more.”

Bouboulina in 1826 helped with ammunition and food her fleet the neighbor of Agianniti general Panos (Akuro) Zafeiropoulos to defeat Ibrahim who had burned the whole Peloponnese but could not defeat the Agianites and other fighters of Akouros


Panos (Akouros) Zafeiropoulos

Panos (Akouros) Zafeiropoulos is not known to the general Greek public and belongs to the group of many other fighters who with the people and the small anonymous fighters offered a lot and passed or were ignored by the small letters of history. The greatest anonymous fighters in every match have always offered and today offer more without expecting anything in return and positions and they are always moving forward.

Agiannitis Akouros Greek of the Diaspora, rich merchant in the city also abandoned the luxuries and dedicated to the homeland his property and life on the battlefields throughout the Peloponnese from Messinia, Patras and Corinth to Epirus and Sterea Thiella the Greek children of the Diaspora who until today come to their homeland to fight the sultan

Panos (Akouros) Zafeiropoulos, is one of the most important, or rather the most important Agiannitis before the revolution of 1821 and his contribution to Thyreatida Earth and his homeland is incalculable and passed in the fine print of history, it is not mentioned in the history books and is strangely unknown for its great offers in our homeland.

The mansion of Zafeiropouloi in Agios Ioannis is located very close below the school Karytsiotis of Agiannis and above the spring Soulinari. Here Akouros saved and temporarily transported the smoked 1500 books of the Karytsiotis school before transporting them for better protection to the castle of Paralio Astros. “

At the beginning of July 1826, the military corps of Panos Zafeiropoulos slaughtered 400 Arabs in an ambush set up by Mehmet aga of Tripoli. This was a very heavy blow to the Ottomans. That is why Ibrahim Pasha completely destroyed Agios Ioannis and the whole province of Agios Petros ” Ibrahim slaughtered and burned the whole Peloponnese, but he could never defeat Akuros, although he had been temporarily captured, not even on August 5 and 6, 1826 in the castle of Paralio Astros, someone had to resist and it is our great honor, he was Agiannitis Panagiotis Zafeiropoulos (Akouros).

Fifteen hundred books were saved from the burning of the Karytsiotis School in Agiannis, which were kept in 1827 in the house of the Zafeiropouloi (Castle of Paralio Astros). These books were, according to tradition, placed in an old wooden library located in the offices of the School. Many of these books have been saved and recorded today. These books were mostly texts of ancient philosophers and writers, ecclesiastical texts, textbooks of physics, mathematics, etc. ” See the links for more. The settler of Paralio Astros Agiannitis general Panos Zafeiropoulos the Akouros Panagiotis Zafeiropoulos (Akouros)

Sources
Astroskynouria-News
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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