Excursions: Epidavros-Argos -Mycenae -Tyrinth

We are close to everything …,

From Astros, Argos 34 km, Mycenae 43 km, Tyrinth 33 km, Epidavros 70 km

Ancient theatre of Epidavros


The theater of Epidavros is an admirable monument of acoustics that we can not acquire today with all the technologies .., they sound without exaggeration and the breaths, I do not exaggerate.

Once we visited the Epidavros Theater with our children, after a long trip from Canada and we went near a group of foreign visitors who had a guide. The tour guide went to the central point which was the place for the actors and said something like that.

Now I will clap to hear them sound clear throughout the theater ,, now I will drop a coin to clearly hear the banging noise all over the theater, everyone is impressed, we are sitting away in the seats… now I will take a deep breath to hear me throughout the theater…. the guide did not stop breathing and everyone started applauding, non-stop, these are our monuments that we have… ..Once the civilized people had theaters,….

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The ancient theater of Epidaurus is located at the southeastern end of the sanctuary which was dedicated to the healing god of antiquity, Asclepius, in the Asclepieion of Epidaurus. It is built on the western slope of Mount Kinorti. It is located near today’s Ligourio of Argolida and belongs to the Municipality of Epidaurus. It is considered the most perfect ancient Greek theater in terms of acoustics and aesthetics.

The ancient theater of Epidaurus was built by the architect Polykleitos the Younger as reported by Pausanias [4]. Pausanias [5] praises the theater for its symmetry and beauty. With a maximum capacity of 13,000 – 14,000 spectators, the theater hosted the musical, vocal and dramatic games that were included in the cult of Asclepius. It was also used as a means of treating patients, as there was a belief that watching dramatic performances had beneficial effects on patients’ mental and physical health.

Epidaurus – Wikipedia

Argos

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Historic Argos was the first city in Europe.

It is considered the oldest city in Mainland Europe due to the existence of many archaeological monuments dating back to the Late Bronze Age, when it was one of the most important centers of Mycenaean Civilization and one of the oldest in Greece. The symbol of the city since ancient times is the wolf.

Argos, Peloponnese – Wikipedia

Mycenae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mycenae (Mycenae, Mycenae) was an ancient city of Argolis near Mount Tritos and opposite the Argolic Gulf. The archeological site of Mycenae is located about 90 kilometers southwest of Athens, in the northeastern Peloponnese.

During the 2nd millennium BC, Mycenae was one of the largest centers of Greek culture, being a strong military fortress that dominated most of southern Greece. The period of Greek history between 1600 BC. until about 1100 BC. is called “Mycenaean”, referring to Mycenae. At the height of their glory, in 1350 BC, the castle and the lower town had 30,000 inhabitants and were 32 hectares in size. [1] Homer is the first to mention the city, describing it with the words “broad-shouldered, golden”.

Mycenaean Greece – Wikipedia

Mycenaean Civilization refers to the culture of the Late Bronze Age, which developed in 1600-1100 BC. mainly in central, southern mainland and island Greece. [1] The adjective “Mycenaean” comes from the first archeological site where it was located, the Mycenae of Argolis, which are one of its most important centers. During its heyday it spread to Crete, the Aegean islands and the Eastern Mediterranean but also to Cyprus. Mycenaean Civilization is identified with the Late Helladic period. It is traditionally classified as prehistoric, as our knowledge of it to date is based mainly on archaeological finds. [2]

Mycenaean culture – Wikipedia (wikipedia.org)

Tyrinth

The low hill of Tirynths, at the 8th kilometer of the Argos-Nafplio road, was inhabited continuously from the Neolithic era until late antiquity. In prehistoric times the area flourished mainly during the early and late Bronze Age. In the second phase of the Early Helladic era (2700-2200 BC) there must have been an important center with dense habitation and a uniquely constructed circular building, 27 m in diameter, at the top of the hill.

Τίρυνθα / (Μνημείο Παγκόσμιας Πολιτιστικής Κληρονομιάς της UNESCO) (nafplio.gr)

Important monuments in Argos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Some of them are:

• The castle of Larissa, built in prehistoric times, which was repaired and expanded several times since antiquity and played an important historical role during the Venetian occupation and the Greek Revolution of 1821. [46] It is located at the top of the eponymous hill, which is the highest point of the city (289 m.). The castle is first mentioned on the occasion of its occupation in 1203 by Leontas Sgouros. In ancient times there was a castle on the neighboring hill of Aspidos, which however is not preserved. Attached to walls, these two castles fortified the city and protected it from enemy invasions.

• The Ancient Theater, with a capacity of 20,000 spectators, built in the 3rd century BC. replacing the older neighboring theater of the 5th century BC, and connected to the Ancient Agora, it was visible throughout the ancient city and the Argolic Gulf. In 1829 it was used by Kapodistrias for the 4th National Assembly of the new Greek state. Today it houses cultural events during the summer months. [47]

• The Ancient The Agora, near the Ancient Theater, was formed in the 6th century BC. at a central point where roads from Corinth, Heraion and Tegea ended. Bouleuterion, built in 460 BC, have been excavated in the area. when Argos adopted the democratic state, Sanctuary of the Lyceum of Apollo and a palaestra, among others. [48]

• The “Criterion” -Nymphaeum of Argos, an ancient monument in the southwestern part of the city, at the foot of Larissa, which took its current form from the 6th to the 3rd century BC. It originally served as a court of ancient Argos, similar to the Supreme Court of Athens. There, according to mythology, Hypermnistra, one of the 50 daughters of Danaos, the first king of Argos, was tried. Later, during the reign of Hadrian, a fountain was created in the area for the collection and channeling of water from the Hadrian’s Aqueduct, which was located north of the city. The space is connected by a paved path with the ancient Theater. [49]

• The Spyridon Trikoupi House (built in 1900), where the politician was born and lived in his youth. In the following years it was used by the National Bank of Greece as a residence for the respective director of the local branch. In the building, which is not open to the public, there is also the chapel of Agios Charalambos where Trikoupis was baptized. [54]

• The chamber tombs of the hill of Aspidos.

• The pyramid of Elliniko near the village of Kefalari, southwest of Argos. It dates to the end of the 4th century BC. century and there are several theories about the use it may have had (tumulus, fort, frying pan). Contrary to the date accepted by the scientific community, some claim that this pyramidal building was built shortly after the tombs of the Pharaohs, the famous pyramids and indicates the relationship of the Argives with Egypt.

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