Traditional Villages

“The total is greater than the sum of its parts.” Aristotle

We always have our neighbors by our side and we promote our place for everyone, for us and for our neighbors. We can project more effectively that we all have together and the projection of an area is not done from one square … but from all the squares of Thyrea.

 Our friends and neighbors, we are all in the same boat of Thyrea, no one is left over, we never open holes, nor do we let others open holes …, because eventually we will all sink and drown ……

When someone visits us, he does not come to see only one square, he always sees more, let us understand. Let’s put it another way and in a nutshell, it is in our interest to show “what we have” and our neighbors (and it is in our interest not to shoot ourselves ….), period and pavla.

The Municipality of North Kynouria, based in the historic Astros, consists of 26 Local Apartments and 40 settlements, located in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Arcadia and to the east is bathed by the waters of the Argolic Gulf.

In the whole of Thyrea it is not an exaggeration to say that if you pick up a small stone you will find a historical monument and an archeological treasure.

Below are the communities of our municipality in a geographical order.

The blue letters are links. Let us know our neighbors they have a lot …

The historic Astros of Kynourias &  The historic Agios Ioannis (Agiannis) of Kynouria.

Paralio Astros of Kynouria v

Xiropigado of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v


Vervena of Arcadia v

Koutroufa of Arcadia v

Doliana of Arcadia v

Kastri of Arcadia v

Agios Petros of Arcadia v

Agiannis (Agios Ioannis) of Kynouria v
Meligou of Arcadia v
Charadros of Arcadia v
Platanos of Arcadia v
Sitaina of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
Kastanitsa of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
Prastos of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
Arcadiko Village of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
Agios Andreas of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
Korakovouni of Arcadia – astrosgr.com v
The TsakonesVillages of Tsakonia

==========================

Platana of Arcadia
 7 Hagia Sophia (or Hagia Sophia) of Arcadia
Saint George of Arcadia
Stolos of Arcadia
10 Perdikovrisi of Arcadia
11 Nea Chora of Arcadia
12 Karatoula of Arcadia
13 Oria (or Orgia) of Arcadia
14 Elatos of Arcadia
15 Mesorrachi of Arcadia

Let us know our neighbors they have a lot …

Take a look at the links in all the villages of our municipality (when they are the letters are blue is a link, we will post them all slowly)

See the map with the villages of our municipality

https://www.google.ca/…/data=!3m1!1e3!4m62!4m61!1m0!1m0…

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Administrative division and settlements

The Municipality of North Kynouria includes the following municipal-local communities and settlements

EL.WIKIPEDIA.ORG

Δήμος Βόρειας Κυνουρίας – Βικιπαίδεια

Municipality of North Kynouria – Wikipedia

The Municipality of North Kynouria is a municipality of Arcadia and the Peloponnese Region, which was established in 1998 according to the Administrative Reform of “Kapodistrias”

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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astrosgr.com/en Dedicated to Thyreatis Land.” 

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Paralio Astros of Kynouria

“With the main feature of the area the” meeting “of the beautiful mountain with the sparkling sea, the Municipality of North Kynouria invites its visitors on a magical journey.”

From our Municipality

« One of the most famous summer resorts in the Peloponnese is experiencing rapid growth in recent years due to the short distance from the urban centers. It is 165 km from Athens and 49 from Tripoli. It has developed tourist infrastructure for every taste, kilometers of beaches with crystal clear waters and the possibility of marine activities. Area visitable all year round, ideal for weekends and three days. There is a Nautical Sailing Club in Paralio Astros, while there is a possibility of excursions to the islands of the Saronic Gulf and the villages of Kynouria. The picturesque natural harbor and the so-called “Island” by the locals with an incredible view of the Argolic Gulf are of special beauty. “Island” is the name of a part of the settlement that is built on the slopes of an asteroid hill. The houses in this part have retained their traditional color while at the top there is the famous medieval castle of Paralio Astros. Every summer in the small theater of the town there are many cultural events, while the sports activities are rich»

The most picturesque Paralio Astros, “the island” Paralio Astros, is perched on the hill and the ancients called the hill the “island”. Paralio Astros has nothing to envy from any Aegean island, it has it all, it is only two hours from Athens, it is very close “to the mountain” Parnonas, from its port the access to the “Aegean islands” is easy, is located close to the most important archaeological sites of our country and is very close to the historic Astros, the historic Agiannis and beautiful historical traditional villages.

For visitors Kynouria has a number of activities depending on the mood and physical endurance! Of course in summer the beaches of the area are full of life and invite the visitor to enjoy them. Portes, Atsiganos, Anavalos, Xiropigado, Heronissi, Arkadiko village and Kryoneri, are just some of the options we suggest! Those who wish to explore the beautiful waters of the area, can dive in the Arcadian village, Xiropigado and Paralio Astros.

See the link.

Beaches | DiscoverKynouria.gr

“The Aegean Islands” are beautiful and offer many attractions that we all “must” visit. After all, it is not a coincidence that the prevailing view <the Greek name Atlantis helps this view> that in the Aegean existed about 12,000 years ago and Atlantis <Atlantis> which was the center of the world ….. There are many ways we can visit Aegean.

From the picturesque port of Paralio Astros in the summer there are many cruises to the “Aegean islands Spetses, Hydra

Those interested in marine experiences and fishing can learn more on the page below.

Plan your fishing vacations in Greece or the South East Mediterranean sea

How to get there: From Athens airport follow the route to Athens, Corinth, Tripoli, exit to Argos (At the exit Sterna after Nemea), Argos, Tripoli (from the old road), exit to Astros (Left after the Mills), Astros.

Distances are from Astros, Paralio Astros is 4 km away from Astros

Astros is approximately 34 km from Argos, 33 km from Nafplio, 40 km from Tripoli, 48 km from Leonidio, 82 km from Sparta, 90 km from Mystras, 170 km from Athens and 200 km from Athens Airport.

In Astros and Paralio Astros there are many hotels and restaurants with traditional food, as in most neighboring villages.

Other options for Accommodation / Food: it is in Nafplio (33 km), in Tripoli (40 km),

Accommodation & Catering from the website of our municipality

https://www.discoverkynouria.gr/en/accommodation

 For health issues there is the Astros Health Center in Astros, also many clinics and in Tripoli the Panarkadiko Hospital (see useful telephone numbers)

Schools, kindergartens: In Astros there is a kindergarten, elementary and high school, also lessons are given by private teachers for foreign languages ​​and other subjects

Paralio Astros From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

«Paralio Astros is a seaside village in Arcadia. It belongs to the Municipality of North Kynouria and according to the national census of 2011 has a population of 1,043 inhabitants [2]. Formerly, the current existing Local Community of Paralio Astros (te as a Municipal District), was an independent Community, within the boundaries of the former Province of Kynouria

Paralio Astros Castle

The castle played an important role during the Turkish occupation. During the period of 1821, rich foreign merchants, brothers Zafeiropoulos (Konstantinos, Ioannis and Panagiotis), originally from Agios Ioannis, fortified the castle, building their houses there. On August 4, 1826, 1,200 soldiers locked inside the castle defeated the numerous army of Ibrahim who was besieging it. In 1833, Panos Zafeiropoulos (Akouros), dedicated the castle to the Kingdom of Greece and to King Otto. At the beginning of the 20th century, the castle was abandoned and deserted».

Panos Zafeiropoulos, was the most important Agiannitis before the revolution of 1821 and his contribution to Thyreatida Earth and his homeland is incalculable and went through the fine print of history.

“At the beginning of July 1826, the military corps of Panos Zafeiropoulos slaughtered 400 Arabs in an ambush set up by Mehmet aga of Tripoli. This was a very heavy blow to the Ottomans. That is why Ibrahim Pasha completely destroyed Agios Ioannis and the whole province of Agios Petros “

Ibrahim slaughtered and burned the whole Peloponnese, but he could never defeat Akuros, although he had been temporarily captured, not even in the castle of Paralio Astros, someone had to resist… and it is our great honor, this was Agiannitis Panagiotis Zafe Ακουρος).

 500 books were saved from the burning of the School, which were kept in 1827 in the house of Zafeiropoulaia (Castle of Paralio Astros). These books were, according to tradition, placed in an old wooden library located in the offices of the School. Many of these books have been saved and recorded today. These books were mostly texts of ancient philosophers and writers, ecclesiastical texts, textbooks of physics, mathematics, etc. “

The settlement of Paralio Astros has a long history with the first important settlement by the Aeginians who were fortified in Paralio Astros in 424 BC. The construction of this fortification project was stopped by the Athenians, who at the same time, led by Nikias, came to Thyrea, captured it and destroyed it. But the Aeginians also settled in Agiannis, as historians report that the Aeginites came from Aeginites. Before the revolution of 1821 the Agiannites brothers Zafeiropoulos and many Agiannites made the second large settlement in Paralio Astros, and today many names from Paralio Astros are Agiannitika names.

“In November 1824, the Zafeiropoulos brothers began the restoration work of the ruined Frankish Castle of Paralio Astros and were completed in August 1825. More than 200,000 groschen were spent on the construction (according to a report by the widow Euphrosyne). The Zafeiropoulos brothers now settled permanently in the Castle and were the first settlers of Paralio Astros. Many Agiannites followed them and settled permanently in Paralio Astros, between 1825 – 1828 and later. These were mainly fighters who belonged to his military corps. The first Agianni families that followed the Zafeiropouloi were indicative: the family of Paschos, Logothetis, Nikolaidis, Maroudis (some of its members), Zafeiris (some of its members), Koralli, Bortzou, Diamantis, Karabatsou, Konstantinos, Vasilitheou, Vasileinos, etc., as well as the Avrantini and Nestora families from Spetses. We receive information about the first inhabitants of Paralio Astros from the memoir of Agiannitis Michael Logothetis, who was also the first president of Paralio Astros and from electoral lists of 1871 & 1881. “

By extension we can say that the inhabitants of Agiannites, Astrinoi and Paraliotes are almost the same inhabitants.

 In the current area of ​​Paralio Astros before 1800 there were very few houses and in fact Paralio Astros was built from 1825 and later by the Agiannitis general Panos Zafeiropoulos, as our friends from Paralio  Astros, “BUILDER  OF PARALIO ASTROS ” honor with their statue in the central square.

Administrative changes of the Local Authorities of D. Thyreas, Prefecture of Arcadia

Government Gazette 16A – 24/05/1835 Establishment of the municipality based in the settlement of Agios Ioannis

Government Gazette 5A – 08/03/1841 The settlement of Astros is defined as the winter seat of the municipality, The settlement of Agios Ioannis is defined as the summer seat of the municipality

ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGES IN SETTLEMENTS Paralion Astros (Arcadia)

With the actions of the Zafeiropoulos, the settlement named Paralio Astros was annexed to the municipality of Thyreas in 1845.

Government Gazette 32A – 08/12/1845 The settlement is annexed to the municipality of Thyreas

Government Gazette 252A – 24/08/1912 The settlement is detached from the municipality of Thyreas and is designated as the seat of the community of Paralio Astros

It is no coincidence that in the electoral list of 1871 of “Common. Paralio ‘Astros’ is mentioned first by Anastasios Paschos from Agiannis , a landowner.

See the links for more

From the Astros of the Sea  electoral list of 1871

(Από το Άστρος της Θαλάσσης εκλογικό κατάλογο του 1871,1881)

History. From the Astros of the Sea 

Κάστρο Παράλιου Άστρους – Ελληνικά Κάστρα – Kastra.eu

http://www.inarcadia.gr/dd/astrosp/astrospgenika.htm

Sources

Municipality of North Kynouria

Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Astroskynouria-news

Astros of the Sea (Άστρος της Θαλάσσης

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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Παράλιο Άστρος Κυνουρίας – astrosgr.com

Xiropigado of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “

North of Astros at 11 km, is Xiropigado. It is the first seaside village that the visitor will encounter coming to the coastal Kynouria. Quiet and calm environment, crystal clear beaches with crystal clear waters and pebbles compose colorful images. Xiropigado, a fishing village with rich fishing grounds, has a dynamic tourist infrastructure with dozens of hotels, rooms to let, restaurants and fish taverns that stretch along the beautiful beach. It is an ideal destination for family tourism and lovers of quiet holidays and carefree. From the amphitheater Xiropigado on the slopes of Mount Zavitsa, the visitor can gaze at the historic Nafplio and the endless blue waters of the Argolic Gulf. In the wider area of ​​Xiropigados there are dozens of important and under exploration caves, which give a special geological interest. One of these caves, which was recently excavated by speleological teams, is located nearby north of the village and with its entrance adjacent to the main provincial road.

After Xiropigado and below the ancient Anigraia Odos of the traveler Pausanias, as soon as we see the plain of Thyrea, 150 m. From the beach we can see Dini in the sea, where in antiquity horse sacrifices were made to the god Poseidon (Birth of Poseidon). Immediately north of Dini, on the west side of Cape Pournos, at Anemomylos and 50 m. Below the ancient coastal road Argos-Thyreatidos are the remains of an ancient prison. The hiking trail on the ridges of Zavitsa above Xiropigado, which follows the route of the ancient Anigraia road of the traveler Pausanias, offers unique experiences and unique emotions, with impressive views of Argolida, Arcadia and the Argolic. In this amazing route the visitor will be impressed by Voukolopyrgos, whose history is lost in the depths of the centuries and will feel religious immersion in the view of the chapels of the Transfiguration of the Savior, St. Panteleimon, Prophet Elias and St. Constantine. During the summer season, traditional festivals and cultural events are organized.

The Vortex In the area of ​​Lileika, in the middle of the provincial road network Astros – Xiropigadou, a rare hydrological phenomenon is observed created by the fresh waters of an underground river, as they spring from the depths of the sea and at a distance of 150 m from the shore create a distinct large circle. (“Threshing floor”) 10-25 m in diameter (depending on the amount of water). The outflow of fresh water from the depths of the sea creates this water turbine, where fresh water dances incessantly, before being received in its embrace by the salty sea. This amazing phenomenon, with rich references to ancient writers (Pausanias VIII.7.2), has aroused the interest of Greek and foreign researchers and scientists, but it has not been possible to study it completely and systematically, due to the serious dangers posed by its great depth. sea ​​(80 m.), the existence of strong sea currents, as well as the huge power of the water turbine. From Xiropigado to Fokiano, in many places along the coastline, the fresh waters of dozens of springs are gushing from the depths of the sea.

Xiropigado of Arcadia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Xiropigado (formerly known as Xeropigado) is a village in the prefecture of Arcadia which belongs to the Municipality of North Kynouria. It has a population of 353 inhabitants. It is an old fishing village of Kynouria that in recent years presents tourist development. The inhabitants are engaged in agriculture, mainly olive growing, viticulture, animal husbandry, fishing, but also tourism.

Location[ It is located at the foot of the northeastern side of Mount Zavitsa. It is the first seaside village of Arcadia that one encounters after Argolida, on the Argos-Leonidi road. It is 150 km from Athens and 10 km from Astros Kynouria.

Near the coastlines of the village there are rocks with small caves and small inaccessible sandy beaches, ideal for seclusion. At the borders of the community and 5 km from it, on the road to Argolida, springs an underwater spring with fresh water. The location is known as “Anavalos”. There are water collection facilities at the site, which is used for the water supply needs of the Argolic plain. [3]

Local Community-

Xiropigado, Lileika, Metamorfosi, Limanakia, Plaka, Hani tou Grigou

Sights Off the sea, near the settlement of Lileika, there is an underwater spring with brackish water. The spring is located at a distance of 290 meters from the coast and at a depth of 80 meters above sea level. Its waters come from the sinkholes of Partheni and the plain of Mantineia. The source is called “Lileiko Mati” by the locals and is distinct from the land when there is relative apnea and the waters are calm, as the sea turbine with a diameter of about 25 meters is created by mixing salt with brackish water. [4]

 Churches The village has two churches, Agia Marina and the Annunciation of the Virgin (known as Vangelistra).

Beaches

POSTPONE BEACH

 One of the many small and quiet beaches that can be found on the way from Argolida to Astros just before Xiropigado and after Kiveri. The beach is located on the border of the two prefectures and has sand and clear waters, while it took its name from known underwater karst source of fresh water of Anavalos that originates in Kynouria and Argolida.

VILLAS BEACH

This beach is known to many as Villas because of some houses that are above them but the descriptions of older people in the area for colorful butterflies that found refuge there and often beautified the landscape, show that the original and first name of this beach is: Butterfly .

EVANGELISTRIA BEACH

Entering Xiropigado from Argolida after Evangelistria we turn left to the first houses next to the small olive grove. After a short descent we will reach the quiet pebble beach with the caves under the houses.

PAPADIMITROU BEACH

Before Xiropigado: Passing Kiveri and on the road to Xiropigado, on the road to our left we find continuous small coves with beautiful and quiet beaches. Here we will find a very beautiful sandy beach where we descend by a twisting iron staircase!

XIROPIGADO CAVE BEACH

Spilia is a beautiful beach in the center of the village. Residents and tourists when they want to refer to the beach say go to the cave. It takes its name from the two small rock caves located in the center. It has fine pebbles and beautiful waters

XIROPIGADO BEACH

The organized beach of Xiropigados with small white pebbles stretches along the settlement. Above it we will find holiday homes, rentals, beach bars and taverns.

XIROPIGADO PORT BEACH Small beach with white pebbles just to the right of the small pier of the settlement with sea colors to be unique.

See the following link for all the beaches in Astros

“The sun and the sea” of the Argolic gulf .

FESTIVAL

Every summer, two open-air local festivals are organized: One on July 26, the eve of Agios Panteleimon in the chapel of Agios Panteleimon, where the service takes place and then the party begins with food, songs and dancing. The second takes place in the church of the Transfiguration of the Savior, on Mount Zavitsa, where there is a service and then follows the feast.

 Sport

The football team of the village is called “Fortuna Xiropigadou” and its colors are blue and black. He competes in the local categories of Ε.Π.Σ. Arcadia. [5] Photos from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Ξηροπήγαδο Αρκαδίας – astrosgr.com

Agios Andreas of Arcadia

Agios  Andreas is 9 km away from Astros

From our Municipality-

Kefalochori of Tsakonia. With the tradition of the area preserved unchanged. It is 6 km from Astros and is located on the road to Leonidio. Village with constant population growth and tourist development with infrastructure and overgrown with olives and citrus fruits. The green settlement of Agios Georgios and the model settlement for the expatriates, the Arcadian Village, belong to its borders. The visitor can find rooms for rent, taverns, holiday centers, beaches with crystal clear waters and suitable for water sports. The village is characterized as a “gateway” for the picturesque Kastritochoria, since one can visit Kastanitsa, Prastos, while 5 km outside the village begins the unique gorge of Zarbanitsa. The visitor can also see the ruins of ancient Anthini near the port of Agios Andreas, the metochi of the Orthokostas Monastery which has a church dedicated to the Annunciation and a tall tower and the stone arched bridge over the river Vrasiatis. In the village also all seasons of the year festivals and cultural events are organized.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Agios Andreas, the main village of the area with stone-built, traditional houses, is surrounded by olive groves and citrus trees. The village is 9 km away from Astros and most of its inhabitants speak the Tsakonian dialect. In its typical paved square, in the center of the village, there are cafes, shops and restaurants. Special festivals are the festivals of Agios Panteleimon, Ypapantis, Agios Apostolos, Profitis Ilias and the rich Constantine and Eleni, while many cultural events take place throughout the year (music events, carnival, etc. .). .

At a distance of 3 km east is the beach of Agios Andreas, which extends to a great length, where the remains of the old mill still stand, which over time is handed over to the power of the sea (See p. 222). The picturesque port marks another rich and beautiful image of the area. Near the coast is a small rocky hill, known as “St. Andrew’s Island”. In this place there are ruins of a cyclopean wall that according to archaeologists belong to the ancient Kynourian city of Anthini. Parts of the outer fortification with towers of the 5th – 4th c. e.g. Later the settlement was moved lower to the sea, where Late Roman ruins and additional fortifications from Byzantine times are preserved. Also of archeological interest is the hill of Heronisios which is located north of the Island (2 km NW). Finds from the early Bronze Age, from the Geometric to the Archaic times, were found here. The plain of Agios Andreas is crossed by the river Vrasiatis, inside the riverbed of which shortly before its estuary, there is an elaborate two-chamber stone bridge (See photo p. 227). The visitor of the area has the opportunity to be found 5 km west of Agios Andreas in the enchanting world of the gorge of Zarbanitsa (See p. 123).

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Agios Andreas is a settlement in the municipality of North Kynouria, built on the slopes of a hill near the sea, next to a plain overgrown with olive trees. It is located on the road Astros-Leonidio at a distance of 6 km from the first. At this point the gorge of Zarbanitsa ends as the river Brasiatis also crosses, just before its estuary in the Gulf of Thyreatiko. It is the Kefalochori of the area and is inhabited mainly by Tsakones. · At a distance of 3 km is the beach of Agios Andreas with a picturesque harbor. On a hill near the spot one can see the ruins of a cyclopean wall that according to archaeologists belong to the ancient Kynourian city of Anthini. Also nearby is an old stone arched bridge. · At the borders of the community is the model settlement for the expatriates, Arkadiko Chorio, the last settlement before South Kynouria. · The village has a football club called A.M.S. Boiling.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

The Tsakonian dialect is spoken by Leonidio, Pragmatefti, Melana, Tyros, Sapounakeika, Agios Andreas, Prasto, Sitaina, Kastanitsa. Settlements: Sampatiki, Livadi, Vaskina, Paliochora, Agios Panteleimonas (Fouska), Dernikeika The Tsakonian dialect The Tsakonian dialect, the Tsakonian dance, the costume, the customs and traditions of the Tsakonians, are another dynamic of the Parnon area. According to the “Chronicle of Monemvasia “:” And the prefectures and peasants of the threshing floors settled in the rugged places adjacent to it, and at the end the jaconia were named “. The Tsakones, as true descendants of the Dorians, kept their roots intact and the Tsakonian language is still the living expression of the Doric dialect. In the cradle of Tsakonia, today insists on walking and creating in the footsteps of yesterday in a perpetual and uninterrupted breath of Greece.

The special linguistic treasure of our place The Tsakonian dialect has been included in the list of endangered languages ​​of UNESCO and is recognized as a cultural achievement and a unique treasure of culture. The language was preserved genuine and unadulterated in the mouths of ordinary people, peasants, shepherds and farmers. In the wishes, in the greetings, in the curses, in the everyday expressions, in the teasing and the jokes, there is for centuries now the linguistic treasure of the Tsakonians. In this special part of the Greek land called Tsakonia (the cradle of Tsakonia was Prastos, Kastanitsa and Sitaina), in these rugged places, the inhabitants of the area, with few means, not only survived, but left behind a valuable heritage, the Tsakonian tradition, the beautiful language, the unique evocative Tsakonian dance, the Tsakonian songs, the weaving art, their habits, what we call today customs and traditions. All this composes the identity of the place with a living language that is in the hands of the Tsakonians, but also of all Hellenism, to embrace it and protect it from oblivion

See the link

http://www.tsakonianarchives.gr/…

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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Άγιος Ανδρέας Αρκαδίας – astrosgr.com

Arcadiko Village of Arcadia

The Arcadiko Village is 15 km from Astros

Leaving Agios Andreas, in the direction of Leonidio, the visitor meets the Arcadian Village, a modern and model settlement for expatriate Hellenism which was created with the main goal of reconnecting the ubiquitous Arcadians with their place of origin and strengthening Greek culture. their identity.

Beaches From our Municipality “

The homonymous beach of the model settlement of the Arcadian village on the road from Agios Andreas to Leonidio. It is located 1.5 km from the settlement. The beach is a small bay that extends 110 meters in length. Pebble beach. The waters are clear and not very deep. Access to the beach is via a path. The beach is not organized, but has toilets, showers and trash cans. Along the coast there are canopies of cloth on iron stakes. The maximum number of bathers is estimated at 150 people. “

The beach To Kryoneri “Magnificent beach, between Arkadiko Chorio and Tyros, with turquoise cold waters, rich pebbles and vegetation that reaches the water. Favorite beach of young people and those who feel young. It has a beach bar that gives rhythm to the summer holidays with party until morning and special events. It got its name from the springs that exist on land, one of which supplies water to the island of Spetses via watercraft – but also from the fresh water that gushes into the sea. The settlement has rooms to let and cottages. “There is an important underwater cave in the area for those who are engaged in underwater exploration and are looking for underwater emotions.”

The beach of Sampatiki Probably the most beautiful beach of Arcadia.

 The name Sampatiki came from the obvious admiration of the neighbors who said “as you go there” you will see…. Sampatiki is 41 km from Astros and 26 km from the Arcadian Village Leonidio is 50 km away from Astros and the holy monastery of Elona 65 km.

From the Greek Travel Pages

 “After Tyros on the road to Leonidio is the idyllic bay of Sampatiki on the south side of a small peninsula. With crystal clear waters and beautiful natural environment is probably the most beautiful beach of Arcadia. On the north side is the settlement of Livadi with a large nice beach. Sampatiki and Livadi are old fishing settlements and are inhabited mainly by the inhabitants of the nearby village of Pramatefti. The beach of Sampatiki with its picturesque port and beautiful small settlement is an attraction for many vacationers in summer. The small church of Panagia is located on the beach, while many fishing boats moor in the bay “.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 “Arkadiko Chorio is a settlement in the province of North Kynouria in Arcadia. It is built on a peninsula at Mikri Pepontina, after the village of Agios Andreas on the road to Leonidio. To the west rises the Parnon mountain range. It is 55 km east of Tripoli, 45 km south of Nafplio, 12 km south of Astros and 33 km north of Leonidio. It is a model and independent settlement that was conceived as an idea in the early 80’s by Arkades expatriates of America and began to be implemented at the end. It joined a national pilot program aimed at reconnecting Greeks abroad with their place of origin through the creation of holiday homes. “In the final phase of the program, 300-350 houses, a hotel, a conference center, sports facilities and other facilities were planned to be built, [2] but the Greek debt crisis has put its completion in doubt.”

http://www.panarcadian.ca/el/projects/arcadian-village/

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Korakovouni of Arcadia

Korakovouni is 8 km away from Astros.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

Korakouvouni, a lowland settlement built on a small hill next to the river Vrasiatis and the main provincial road Astros – Leonidi, is located 8 km south of Astros. It is a Kefalochori of the area with several stone-built mansions. In the center and the square of the village dominates the three-aisled Church of Agios Vassilios, Agios Georgios and Agia Varvara. Here are the busts of Georgios Leventis, who was a prominent Friend and head of the Tax Office of the Friends of Bucharest and the benefactor Georgios Kazakis. With a panoramic view of the settlement, the visitor can admire the lush olive grove that stretches in the plain of Vrasiatis and the blue-green beaches of the area. Mountainous Korakovouni at an altitude of 579 m., Is built on the slopes of Mount Parnon and at a distance of about 20 km southwest of Astros. At the entrance of the village the visitor meets the church of the Assumption of the Virgin built in the 17th century, the impressive three-fountain fountain with crystal clear waters built in 1886, in a beautiful paved and stone-built square surrounded by impressive centuries-old plane trees. The stone houses of the village combine harmonious elements of mountain and island architecture.

Museum of Traditional Olive Mill in Korakovouni:

The olive mill was built in 1884 by Petros P. Petropoulos and operated until 1920. It was biomobile, ie all processes were done by biological beings (a horse and workers) and not by machines. The olive mill was renovated in 2006 by Evangelos Anast. Petropoulos, grandson of the owner. In the museum the visitor can observe and get acquainted with the method of processing the olive for the production of olive oil, before the industrial modernization, presented by human models. The exhibits include the baskets in which the workers brought the olives, the sacks in which the olive pulp (commonly hummus) was placed to squeeze the oil, the millstone that melted the olives, the press where the pressing took place and finally the “libi” (container) that ended the olive oil and the other juices (liozoumia) of the olive. Among the museum’s exhibits are the cauldron that boiled the water they used to process the extraction of olive oil, the damizans that transported the oil, the liokoki and the stone wood that remained after the extraction of the oil. The museum also houses the “dynamari”, a mechanism for increasing the pressure of the presses, the plate that was bought in 1913 for weighing olives and oil and the office where the transactions were recorded. Of course, there are also additional tools of the mill, such as those of lighting (lamps) and tools such as the vise, scales, hand drills and wrenches. We will see the first screw of the press which was wooden, before it was replaced by the iron one. The area of ​​the olive mill also served as a processing area for edible olives with salt that was made in the “lanza”, a large barrel with a capacity of 2.5 tons that survives to this day. Inside the museum there are agricultural tools of pre-industrial era, such as plows, zebras and goats.

The castle of Artikaina

Within walking distance from the village, the visitor deserves to know the medieval castle of Artikaina (See p. 208), in an imposing area with unrestricted views to the peaks of Parnon and the turquoise of the Argolic Gulf. At the initiative of local associations, a variety of cultural activities, events and festivals are organized every year. Of particular interest is the traditional carnival carnival, with unique hospitality and rich treats to the public, such as the famous traditional plate pie

Korakovouni, Arcadia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Winter Korakovouni (also Karakovouni and Korakovounion) is a lowland settlement in the prefecture of Arcadia, built amphitheatrically on a hill at the foot of Mount Parnon. In a short distance flows the river Brasiatis. [3] It is located in the southeastern part of the prefecture, 52 km SE of Tripoli, in the former province of Kynouria. It belongs administratively to the municipality of North Kynouria. Korakovouni also includes the Mountainous Korakovounika and Neochori. Its history is lost in the depths of the centuries, as originally there was Mount Karakovouni (from Zaritsi Kynouria to Kastraki Astros) where in between there was only one settlement where it took the name of the mountain. During the Byzantine times, the General of Byzantium Pervainas came from Korakovouni or Karakovouni.

The name of the village has been associated with the Greek Revolution of 1821 as it is the birthplace of: • Varsami Konstantinou: He came from Korakovouni, Kynouria. Heavily injured f Agios Sostis, outside Tripoli. When he was healed, he continued to fight until his release. • Leventi, Georgiou: (Korakovouni, Kynouria 1790 – Athens 1847

 Mountainous Korakovouni of Arcadia\

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mountainous Korakovouni is a mountainous settlement, built at an altitude of 534 m. It is 12 km from Korakovounika and 22 km from Astros. T

he village belongs administratively to the Municipality of North Kynouria and has a population of 8 permanent residents according to the 2011 census The village, according to tradition, was founded after the destruction of Paleo Korakovouni (a settlement that existed near Prastos) by Turkish troops in 1687. [2] Along with Paleo Korakovouni, Agios Ioannis, Meligou, Kastanitsa and Prastos were also destroyed. After the destruction of the village, the inhabitants founded a new village in the place where the Mountainous Korakovouni is today. During the years of Ottoman rule the settlement belonged to the Vilaeti of Agios Petros. According to a Venetian census of 1699, the village had two churches: Agios Dimitrios and Panagia, as well as two vicars. [3] In the 18th and 19th the Korakovounites developed trade relations with various areas, as the Korakovounites lived and traded in places such as Spetses, Hydra, Constantinople, Odessa etc.

During the years 1750 – 1775 in the village acted the thief George Leventis (grandfather of the friend), who was the first son of Konstantis Kolokotronis. [4] With the founding of the Friendly Society, many Korakovounites became members, most importantly the merchant George Leventis (1790 – 1847). The contribution of the Korakovunites to the Revolution of 1821 was significant, as more than 100 fighters were distinguished in the battles of Doliana, Vervena, Tripolitsak. In 1826 the village was completely destroyed by the hordes of Ibrahim Pasha. After the liberation, the village was subordinated to the Municipality of Vrasia (1834 – 1912). From Korakovouni came the Winter Korakovouni, which was created during the 18th century. and is a permanent residence of the Korakovounites.

The village

Mountainous Korakovouni is a mountain village built amphitheatrically on the slopes of a mountain. It is overgrown with trees, while it has many traditional mansions that combine Tsakoniki with Spetsiotiki architecture. A marble point is the marble fountain together with the small square and the church of Panagia, located at the entrance of the village. The village has churches such as: of Agios Dimitrios (patron saint) in the central square of the village, building of 1688, of Panagia at the entrance of the village, which was the catholic of the Monastery of Panagia Katakekrymeni, building again of 1688. It also has chapels like of Agios John of the Forerunner in the place “Klima”, of Agioi Anargyroi in the place “Klima”, of Agios Georgios (former monastery of Endysenas), of Agios Ioannis the Theologian in the place “Cerbena” and the shrine of Profitis Ilias, above the village.

 Orino Korakovouni also has a traditional cafe – tavern. Near the village are the villages of Korakovouni, Agios Andreas and the villages of Prastos, Kastanitsa and Sitaina. An important attraction is the Byzantine, ruined Castle of Artikaina, located east of the village. In winter the village lives with few inhabitants, while in summer it “comes to life” mainly during the feasts of Prophet Elias and the Fifteenth of August.

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Prastos of Arcadia

“It is estimated that the population of Prastos in medieval times amounted to 9,000 inhabitants. Prastos then had 9 parishes, 30 churches and intense economic activity. “

Agiopetritis, the protagonist and memoirist of the Struggle, Anagnostis Kontakis, writes that:

“if it were not for Prastos, who fed the army for 4 months, the struggle for freedom would have been lost”.

Prastos is approximately 220 km from E. Venizelos Airport, 72 km from Tripoli, 32 km from Astros and 69 km from Sparta.

To get there you will follow the following routes:

· Astros – Agios Andreas- Prastos (approximately 32 km)

· Tripoli – Astros – Prastos (approximately 72 km)

· Sparta – Kastanitsa – Prastos (approximately 69 km)

From our Municipality

Old capital of Tsakonia. Rich Medieval City.

The lost greatness of the mountain village of Tsakonia is reflected in the song “Tell me where your towers are, where your nobility is”. It is located at an altitude of 750 meters, is 20 kilometers from the village of Agios Andreas, with a difficult route that compensates the visitor with its beauty and its special local architecture. The tower houses are typical in the village and are preserved of Sarantari, Kalimeris, Merikas, Karamanos, Gounelos, while there are remains of Byzantine temples such as Taxiarches, Agios Dimitrios and Panagia which was the Diocese. On the road to the village from Agios Andreas the visitor meets the monastery of Artokosta while one can also see the old monastery of Englestouri (building of 1733). The village is adjacent to the mountainous Korakovouni, while nearby is the gorge of Mazia, where one can see watermills and water mills. There is no tourist infrastructure in the village and so the visitor must find accommodation in other villages of Parnonas. Manolis Dounias came from Prastos and led the Fall of Tripoli in 1821. There is a bust of him in the village.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

Built amphitheatrically on the slope of Mount Parnon, at an altitude of 750 m and at a distance of 30 km from Astros and 20 km southwest of Agios Andreas, is the traditional and preserved settlement of Prastos, the historic capital of Tsakonia from the Middle Ages to 1826. It is a beautiful and picturesque village that charms with its traditional houses, tower houses and churches. Its houses retain the main elements of the local architecture, which is simple and characteristic: arched doors, narrow windows, decorative window, built staircase with high arch, slate slabs and often with strong defensive and fortified elements. From medieval times it was a crowded and prosperous city, full of towers, rich mansions and churches. The choice of the steep location, where the village was built, was mainly due to defensive reasons due to the pirates. Most of the Tsakonian population had settled here, where they maintained their main residence. It is estimated that the population of Prastos in medieval times amounted to 9,000 inhabitants. Prastos then had 9 parishes, 30 churches and intense economic activity.

At that time the maritime trade was flourishing while the trade relations of Prastos had reached as far as Constantinople, Russia, Turkey, Egypt and France. The saying “the city produces white and Prastos makes them castles” is typical. The goods were usually transported by ships from Spetses and Hydra, the main shareholders of which were the merchants from Prastia. In 1826 it was set on fire by Ibrahim and since then it was deserted, when the inhabitants of the village in their attempt to escape fled to Leonidio, “the safe place”, according to Th. Kolokotronis. The prosperity and glamor of the village in the past have left their mark strongly on today. Several old tower houses are preserved with the most characteristic features of Sarantari (one of the best preserved, with a built-in inscription of 1722), Kalimeris, Merika, Karamanos (1788) and Gounelos, built in the second period of Ottoman rule. All are fortified houses with rifles. From the numerous and majestic churches of the heyday, are preserved today and stand out: Taxiarches (18th century), Agios Dimitrios (17th century) and Panagia, old metropolis. Below the old metropolis is the small square of the village, which has recently been renovated. Here is the bust of Prastiotis Manolis Dounias, fighter of 1821 and conqueror of Tripolitsa on September 23, 1821. In the nearby gorge of Mazia there are today the remains of dozens of watermills and water mill, which mark the great prosperity of the village in the past. The memories and nostalgia for this rich and historical past of the village Mr. are also recorded in the Tsakonian folk song: “Prastos me, your towers say and your nobility says!”.

Prastos, who during the period of Ottoman rule was a vilayet (administrative district), actively participated in the Orloff Revolution (1769-1770), as well as in the Klefturia movement. Dozens of Friends from Prastos will contribute decisively to the uprising of the Genos but also to the beginning of the Revolution in the area of ​​Kynouria. Led by Theodoros Goulelos and Giorgakis Manolakis or Michalakis, 250 Prastian warriors set out to occupy the fortress of Monemvasia, of great military importance and invincible, as it was considered. At the same time, the Proestos and Demogerdos of Prastos, in consultation with Kolokotronis and the people of Verveni, Karabela and Kritiko, established in Vervena the famous “Cellar”, ie the chamber of the Army, to supply Prastos with food to the army. , in which many Prastian fighters also participated. Agiopetritis, the protagonist and memoirist of the Struggle, Anagnostis Kontakis, writes that: “if it were not for Prastos, who fed the army for 4 months, the struggle for freedom would have been lost”.

The Prastiotes fighters took part in many battles of the Revolution of 1821. Their contribution to the fall of Tripolitsa was decisive, where Manolis Dounias is considered as its conqueror.

Prastos holds many golden pages in the Revolution of 1821 with invaluable contribution and heroic struggles.Dozens of dignitaries and leaders, chiefs, teachers, clergy, sponsors and hundreds of activists, offered the maximum and contributed decisively to the successful outcome of the Struggle for Freedom. From Prastos start paths and picturesque routes that lead to rich and important cultural and natural monuments. In addition to the traditional festivals of the village during the summer, various cultural events and activities are organized and several tributes to the Tsakonian dialect and tradition.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Prastos is a traditional mountain village of Arcadia, built amphitheatrically on the slopes of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 649 meters. It is located 20 km from the village of Agios Andreas.

Administratively it belongs to the Municipality of North Kynouria. In medieval and modern times it was the historic capital of Tsakonia. Even today, the Tsakonian dialect is spoken by the oldest History Prastos is mentioned for the first time in a gold bullion of the emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos in 1293 with the name Proastion.

It succeeded the ancient city of Orion, as it became the seat of the Diocese of Reontos Prastos, thus becoming the largest Tsakonochori. He gained great power and wealth during the Second Ottoman Empire (18th & early 19th century). At that time it is estimated that Prastos had a population of over 6,000 people, 30 churches, 9 parishes, 3 monasteries, 2 castles and several mansions – tower houses. People traveled to Spetses, Hydra, Istanbul and other places and acquired large fortunes.

In 1770, during the Orlofiks, Prastos and the whole of Tsakonia actively participated, led by Nektarios, Metropolitan of Reontos-Prastos, the priest Giannakis Goulenos, the teacher Emmanuel Trochanis and many more. With the founding of the Friendly Society, in 1814, the Prastiotes – Tsakon merchants, began to become members, reaching 10, including the Prastiotis merchant George Panou (Captain Giorgakis), the distinguished Giannoulis Karamanos and many people from surrounding villages. Kastanitsiotes Giannis Kapsampelis and the prostitute Nikolaos Palladas. In 1819, Prastos was separated from the Vilaeti of Agios Petros and became the capital of the Vilaeti of Prastos. This vilayet also included Kastanitsa, Sitaina, today’s Agios Andreas, Korakovouni, the area of ​​Tyros, up to Leonidio.

Prastos also offered a lot during the Revolution of 1821. On March 16, the Prastiotes – Tsakones, proclaim the Revolution in Tsakonia. A few days later, the Prastiotes, under the leadership of Goulenos and Manolakis, started with a body of 250 men to the castle of Monemvasia, where it was captured on July 23, 1821. In addition, their contribution to the Fall of Tripoli was important, with a body of 300 men, united with the bodies of Agiopetrites, under Anagnostis Kondakis, Agiannites, under Panos Zafeiropoulos, Verveniotes, Dolianites and many others. On September 23, 1821, Manolis Dounias from Prasti was the first to enter Tripolitsa, which was besieged for a long time. The Prastiotes successfully participated in other battles (eg Battle of Bervena, Battle of Doliana, etc.). In 1826, Ibrahim Pasha completely destroyed the village. areas. In the following years, Prastos became the capital of the Province of Kynouria and the seat of the municipality of Vrasia.

The village Prastos has beautiful mansions, tower houses and churches, characteristic examples of Tsakonian architecture. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the merchants who were rich in Constantinople, Spetses, Hydra and elsewhere, built great mansions – tower houses, which survive to this day, such as Sarantari (1722), Kalimeris, Merika, Goulenos, Karamanou (1788), by Hadjipanagiotis, but also by the German Deffner. Prastos also has old, important churches, such as Panagia (1762), where it was the Diocese, Agios Dimitrios (17th c.), Taxiarches (17th c.), Agios Nikolaos (17th c.), Profitis Elias , Saint Athanasios (16th century) and others. In the past there were more churches that do not survive today, such as Panagia Stoliotissa, Agia Paraskevi, Agios Georgios and Agios Ioannis.

Near the village are Kastanitsa, Sitaina, the Monasteries of Artokostas, Karya and the ruined monasteries of Agios Dimitrios Reontinos and Prodromos (Englestouri). To the east is Mount Korakovouni. In winter, the village is left with few inhabitants, while in summer it is full of people. It has also been declared a traditional settlement

From the GUIDE FOR THE PROTECTED AREA OF MOUNTAINS PARNONA & WET WET ·

The Tsakonian dialect is spoken:

Leonidio, Pragmatefti, Melana, Tyros, Sapounakeika, Agios Andreas, Prasto, Sitaina, Kastanitsa.

Settlements: Sampatiki, Livadi, Vaskina, Paliochora, Agios Panteleimonas (Fouska), Dernikeika ·

The Tsakonian dialect ·

The Tsakonian dialect, the Tsakonian dance, the costume, the customs and traditions of the Tsakonians, are another dynamic of the Parnon area. According to the “Chronicle of Monemvasia”: “And the prefectures and peasants of Thremte were settled in the rugged places adjacent to it, and finally the jaconia were named”. The Tsakones, as true descendants of the Dorians, kept their roots intact and the Tsakonian language is still the living expression of the Doric dialect. In the cradle of Tsakonia, today insists on walking and creating in the footsteps of yesterday in a perpetual and uninterrupted breath of Greece. ·

The special linguistic treasure of our place. The Tsakonian dialect has been included in the list of endangered languages ​​of UNESCO and is recognized as a cultural achievement and a unique treasure of culture. of farmers. In the wishes, in the greetings, in the curses, in the everyday expressions, in the teasing and the jokes, there is for centuries now the linguistic treasure of the Tsakonians. In this special part of the Greek land called Tsakonia (the cradle of Tsakonia was Prastos, Kastanitsa and Sitaina), in these rugged places, the inhabitants of the area, with few means, not only survived, but left behind a valuable heritage, the Tsakonian tradition, the beautiful language, the unique evocative Tsakonian dance, the Tsakonian songs, the weaving art, their habits, what we call today customs and traditions. All this composes the identity of the place with a living language that is in the hands of the Tsakonians, but also of all Hellenism, to embrace it and protect it from oblivion.

See the link

The Offer of Prastos in the Revolution of 1821 “

This shortage forced the besieged Turks to trade with the Greek besiegers, in order to save food. This fact was taken advantage of by Prastiotis Manolis Dounias and he gained acquaintances, “friendly” relations with the guards of the wall so that, at the critical moment, he could enter the city and open, together with others, the so-called Nafplio Gate, “to be invaded by the Greek warriors, with the first Tsakones-Prastiotes, who had been properly prepared by their leaders, and to occupy Tripoli together in a few hours.”

http://www.prastos.gr/portal.html

http://www.tsakonianarchives.gr/…

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Kastanitsa of Arcadia

Kastanitsa is the first village of Tsakonia and one of the oldest villages of Parnon. We had no problem finding sources for our post, the problem was that we found many good sources. I’m sure there are other better ones than the ones we have below.

We all say our village is the best and the second village is Kastanitsa, the conclusion is easy ….. Someday we all have to visit Kastanitsa and on the chestnut festival even better ..

From our Municipality

The oldest Tsakonochori with the Tsakoniki dialect is still spoken by its inhabitants. The first written appearance of the village takes place in Chrysovoulos of Andronikos in 1293m. X. At an altitude of 840 meters and 152 kilometers from Athens and 72 from Tripoli, it is a historic preserved settlement with special architecture and white houses made of slate slabs from Malevo. The colored windows in houses, many of which are tower houses of more than 300 years and the flowers in gardens and courtyards, give an island color to the village that has been built between two green streams. Its inhabitants fought the Turkish conqueror in 1896 from the Castle of the village, from which the view is excellent. The chestnut forest of the area is of special beauty and recognized as a natural monument. In fact, the chestnut festival attracts many people, while the visitor can walk on beautiful natural routes, enjoy the unique landscape of Parnon and relax from the hustle and bustle of the city. The village has a guest house, small accommodation and a beautiful square with excellent views. While just outside the village is the church of Ag. Nikolaou and Panteleimonos Kontolinas. The church has been saved from the homonymous monastery of the 17th century. destroyed by Ibrahim’s army. Traces of fire can still be seen today, mainly in the dome. From this point begins the impressive gorge of Mazia, one of the many gorges of Parnon.

From the Ethnos

“Kour made the country of Namos” that is “Welcome to our village” “And for history, for the Tsakonians, he first speaks in the 9th century AD. the emperor of Byzantium Constantine the Purple-Born. Around 1000 AD. the Tsakonians left over from the great Slavic invasions began their peaceful work, necessary for their survival. A few years later – in 1293 AD – the first Tsakonochori, Kastanitsa, made its official written appearance. “

 Kastanitsa, perched on the slopes of Mount Parnon, at 840 m., Is the oldest Tsakonochori, with a history of more than seven centuries and one of the oldest mountain villages of Kynouria (s.s. belongs to the municipality of North Kynouria). Characterized since 1967 by the Ministry of Culture by Presidential Decree, a traditional – preserved settlement with special natural and architectural beauty, built on a narrow hill, stands out with its tower houses, painted white, with roofs of local slate Malevos and wood with bright colors on the doors and windows and flowered courtyards.

And why whites, in a mountainous settlement, in the heart of Parnona Because, once upon a time, Kastanitsa was famous for its production of lime, from where it got its color, and in which there were more than 30 traditional lime kilns for roasting lime.

The village retains unchanged elements of the Tsakonian tradition, while some elderly people from 30 – 40 permanent residents speak the Tsakonian dialect.

• How to get there: From Athens follow the route to Corinth, Tripoli, exit to Nafplio, Argos, Astros and from there either from Agios Andreas or from the villages of Platanos and Sitaina. You will travel 205 km. From Astros, Kastanitsa is 31 km, from Tripoli 71 km and from Sparta 65 km. From Thessaloniki calculate the 500 km to Athens and then the 205 km to your final destination.

• Accommodation / Food: In Kastanitsa operates the traditional guesthouse “Antoniou” which has 5 rooms. The tavern “To Stolidi” also operates in the hostel (tel. 27550 52255). For food, there are two other taverns, “O Parnon” in the square, “O Liakouris”, and a cafe. Other accommodation options are in Platanos (20 km), Polydroso in Laconia (11 km), Agios Petros (11.5 km), Astros (31 km), Parnonas shelter above the village of Vamvakou ( EOS Sparta) etc.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

Kastanitsa Kastanitsa, a traditional and preserved settlement since 1967 with special natural and architectural beauty, built in the heart of Parnon at an altitude of 840 m. And at a distance of 31 km southwest of Astros. It used to be famous for its production of lime, from where it got its color, as well as for the chestnuts that gave it its name. The large chestnut forest that surrounds it has an area of ​​4,500 acres. It is one of the p older existing mountain villages of Kynouria and the oldest village of Parnonas. The first written report of the village is found in 1293 in a golden decree of the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos, in which Kastanitsa is listed as “Komi the so-called Constanta”. Since then and in the following centuries, according to written historical sources, its historical course has never been interrupted. Kastanitsa is built on a passage of strategic importance. During the 14th century a castle was built on the top of the hill above the settlement by Byzantines of the Despotate of Mystras, whose ruins are preserved to this day. The village actively participated in the revolution of 1821 with several chiefs and hundreds of ordinary freedom fighters. The people of Kastanitsa strongly resisted Ibrahim’s troops who invaded the area on July 27, 1826, on the day of St. Panteleimon, saving the village from destruction. In the subsequent struggles, Kastanitsa was present, culminating in the National Resistance 1941-44.

DCIM\100MEDIA\DJI_0076.JPG

 The village preserves the traditional Tsakonian architecture with its characteristics, painted white, tower houses with local slate roofs, wooden balconies, bright colors in the windows and the flowered courtyards. The view from the hill – the Kapsampelis Tower (See p. 216) – at the top of the settlement, as well as from the renovated square, is excellent. It is surrounded by a dense and unspoiled forest of firs and chestnuts and is an ideal place for tranquility and walking tourism. In the center of the village dominates the patron church of the Transfiguration of the Savior, built around 1780. In 1810 and with the money of the late Kastanitsiotis Elias Manesi, an official of Catherine the Great but also by the founding members of the Friendly Society from 1818, it was built in Odessa and transferred to Kastanitsa the ornate wooden iconostasis of Russian style. dominates the center of the village. Along with the iconostasis at the same time were donated both large gilded manuals, which are still preserved in very good condition. Around the village there are 15 chapels excellently preserved, with the oldest being that of Agios Panteleimon. The folk festivals, which for centuries stood as points of reference and social and cultural creation of the ancestors, are preserved today with the most important one being the Transfiguration of the Savior on the 5th and 6th of August. An important annual cultural event is the “Forest Festival” during the first fortnight of August, and the “Chestnut Festival” which is organized every year on the last weekend of October (See page 274). The village has a very active Educational & Nature Association with many important activities and young children at the forefront. Important and with special characteristics are also the paths that connect Kastanitsa with the nearby settlements of Prastos, Sitaina and Platanos, but also the unique routes in the gorges of Mazia and Koutoupou-Zarbanitsa as well as the path that leads to Megali Tourla. A few kilometers outside of Kastanitsa is the Monastery of Kontolina (See p. 189).

The Tsakonian dialect is spoken by Leonidio, Pragmatefti, Melana, Tyros, Sapounakeika, Agios Andreas, Prasto, Sitaina, Kastanitsa. Settlements: Sampatiki, Livadi, Vaskina, Paliochora, Agios Panteleimonas (Fouska), Dernikeika

The Tsakonian dialect

The Tsakonian dialect, the Tsakonian dance, the costume, the customs and traditions of the Tsakonians, are another dynamic of the Parnon area. According to the “Chronicle of Monemvasia”: “And the prefectures and peasants of Thremte were settled in the rugged places adjacent to it, and finally the jaconia were named”. The Tsakones, as true descendants of the Dorians, kept their roots intact and the Tsakonian language is still the living expression of the Doric dialect. In the cradle of Tsakonia, today insists on walking and creating in the footsteps of yesterday in a perpetual and uninterrupted breath of Greece.

The special linguistic treasure of our place The Tsakonian dialect has been included in the list of endangered languages ​​of UNESCO and is recognized as a cultural achievement and a unique treasure of culture. The language was preserved genuine and unadulterated in the mouths of ordinary people, peasants, shepherds and farmers. In the wishes, in the greetings, in the curses, in the everyday expressions, in the teasing and the jokes, there is for centuries now the linguistic treasure of the Tsakonians. In this special part of the Greek land called Tsakonia (the cradle of Tsakonia was Prastos, Kastanitsa and Sitaina), in these rugged places, the inhabitants of the area, with few means, not only survived, but left behind a valuable heritage, the Tsakonian tradition, the beautiful language, the unique evocative Tsakonian dance, the Tsakonian trago yds, the weaving art, their habits, what we now call manners and customs. All this composes the identity of the place with a living language that is in the hands of the Tsakonians, but also of all Hellenism, to embrace it and protect it from oblivion

 From Clikatlife

 Lime, chestnuts and celebration ·

For centuries, Kastanitsa was famous for its production of lime, which was baked in traditional kilns (once there were over 30 lime kilns in the village), while today, the houses, courtyards, churches and walls of Kastanitsa, continue to be whitewashed and white, like on an Aegean island. · The village is also famous for the chestnuts, which probably gave it its name. The large chestnut forest that surrounds it has an area of ​​4,500 acres and in the past, the chestnut harvest exceeded 400 tons. ·.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Agios Nikolaos-Panteleimon Kontolina Kastanitsa The monastery is located in a lush forest area, between chestnut trees and firs, 12 km from the settlement of Kastantitsa to Stravotrachi. Today the repaired katholikon is preserved and frescoes of the 18th century are preserved. of Kyriakos Koulidas and the nephew of “Panos” (1760 AD). The monastery was originally named Agios Nikolaos and according to tradition took its current name, from the victorious battle against Ibrahim (eve and day of Agios Panteleimon on 26 – 27 July 1826 AD), as the inhabitants of the area attributed part of the victory to the help of Saint Panteleimon. The monastery according to a patriarchal sigil of 1628 AD. was built at the beginning of the 15th c. and operated between 1628 and 1834 AD. when it is dissolved after the decree of Otto. In 1826 he was destroyed by Ibrahim’s hordes in retaliation for the defeat of his army in the area of ​​Kastanitsa. The all-wood carved iconostasis is preserved in its original form, with floral decoration. It is celebrated on the feast of St. Panteleimon, on July 27. When you open the links you see our sources. Sources, photos and texts <, Clicatlife Nation, newsbeast.driverstories>

Please see the links, they are very excellent like Kastanitsa …..

https://www.ethnos.gr/travel/4345_kastanitsa-arkadias-kastana-pyrgospita-kai-tsakonikes-paradoseis

https://www.clickatlife.gr/taksidi/story/7118

https://www.driverstories.gr/%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%83%CF%84%CE…/

http://www.tsakonianarchives.gr/…

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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Sitaina of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Sitaina The fir-covered Sitaina, Tsakonochori, at a distance of 23 km southwest of Astros and at an altitude of 740 m., Is built left and right of a beautiful – green ravine and below the imposing peaks of Parnon. Its traditional stone houses have the characteristics of Tsakonian architecture. The first written mention of the village is made in a chronicle of the well-known historian Georgios Frantzis, in the year 1435.

During the period of Kleftouria, Dimitrios Kaliotzis, Sitainiotis, is among the seven most famous Thieves of the Peloponnese, will be the terror of the Turks and his rich action will be praised by the popular Muse in many folk songs. The participation of the people of Sitaini in the national uprising of 1821 is impressive. In Sitaina, two military corps will be created, with more than 100 fighters and led by Georgios L. Bourmas and Theodoros Ioannou or Kritikos. With the beginning of the Revolution, Th. Ioannou will leave Nafplio, where he lived with two privately owned ships and the coal monopoly. In Sitaina he will organize and arm at his own expense, having sold his two ships, more than 80 Sitaini, under whose leadership they fought in all the battles of the Peloponnese. In the Byzantine castle of Zagoli, 3 km northeast of the village, late July-early August 1826, the fortified inhabitants and fighters of Sitina will successfully repel and humiliate the hordes of Ibrahim. In 1835, with a royal decree, the Municipality of Sitaini was created. The three impressive and intricately shaped cobbled squares of the village, the vaulted rich fountains and the crystal clear waters of many rich springs, the churches of Taxiarches and Agios Ioannis the Theologian with the strong Byzantine characteristics, the watermill and the rich , in combination with the rich and varied natural environment, create unique images of enchanting beauty, which win the visitor. The fir forest of Sitaina is a unique natural monument. Impressive plateaus, such as those of Profitis Ilias-Kambos, Loutsa and Kambos, rich and complex flora, a multifaceted world of trails, with strong traces and signs of intense human activity in the past marked by lime kilns and marbles , the wells. In the wider area of ​​the village there are also interesting caves, which were a refuge of the inhabitants, both during the Turkish occupation and during the German occupation (Karatza, Kaliotzi, Karahaliou). Sitaina, thanks to its rich natural environment and the numerous paths, many of which follow the ancient road network of the area, is today a pole of attraction for groups of hikers and mountaineering clubs, for the needs of which a free camping area has been formed near the square. Theologos, from the cultural association of the village. Among the many and interesting paths that open and unfold from the village, those to the gorge and the waterfall of Louluga-castle Zagolis and to the plateau Profitis Ilias-peaks of Tourlas are routes known in Greece and with the greatest walking traffic. From the other routes, the old path-mule road that leads to Platanos, the route to the forest of Leka, the path to the bridge and the gorge of Koutoupou stand out. Sitaina is also an ideal starting point for exploring the wonderful world of Brasiatis Gorges. The poet Theodoros Papagiorgopoulos (1862-1941) was born and lived in Sitaina for many years, and he wrote articles in various newspapers and magazines in Athens under the pseudonyms “Sfouggis” and “Parnis”. Sitaina was also the birthplace of the monk Joseph Karatza, owner of the Holy Monastery of Malevi (1916). In addition to the religious festivals, the Cultural Association of the village organizes every summer rich cultural events and activities, such as the Meeting of the Sitainiotes, Youth Festivals, the Gorge Festival, the Bread Circle.

From ExploringGreece

Sitaina together with Kastanista and Prastos formed the original core of Tsakonia. Very picturesque village among the firs, offers multiple possibilities for excursions in the nature of Parnon. The village has traditional stone houses and a lot of water

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sitaina is a mountain village in the prefecture of Arcadia, built amphitheatrically on the slopes of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 700 m., Near its highest peak, Megali Tourla (1934 m.). The village is located 30 km from Astros .

Sitaina is administratively part of the Municipality of North Kynouria. Sitaina is a Tsakonochori in which, along with the nearby villages of Prastos and Kastanitsa, the Tsakoniki dialect is still spoken by the elders.

History

Sitaina is mentioned for the first time in the Chronicle of the Fall of Georgios Sfrantzis, under the name Sitana. The name “Sitaina” is Slavic [3] and means swamp, swamp. In the following years, it is mentioned in various documents of the Turkish occupation and the Venetian occupation. During the pre-revolutionary years, the well-known thief and captain of Captain Zacharias, Dimitrios Kaliontzis, was born in Sitaina. The contribution of the village was also important during the Revolution of 1821, as 150 Sitainiotes joined various corps, with great success. In 1826 Ibrahim Pasha completely destroyed the village, as well as all the other villages of Kynouria. According to tradition, the villagers took refuge in the cave of Zaggoli. In the following years Sitaina became the seat of the Sitaini Community.

The village

The village is full of firs and various trees, while, like the other Tsakonochoria, it has many mansions – tower houses, samples of Tsakonian architecture. Sitaina has two churches: Taxiarches and Agios Ioannis Theologos. Near the top of Parnon, there is the church of Profitis Ilias.

Near the village there is the fortified church of Panagia Zaggoli, mentioned by the traveler William Martin Lake in 1805. The inhabitants of Sitaina took refuge in this cave, after its destruction by Ibrahim. Nearby are the gorges of Loulouga, Koutoupou, Zarbanitsa and Mazia, where hiking and mountaineering takes place. Near Sitaina are the villages of Prastos, Kastanitsa, Arcadia, Platanos, Arcadia, etc.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 The Tsakonian dialect is spoken by Leonidio, Pragmatefti, Melana, Tyros, Sapounakeika, Agios Andreas, Prasto, Sitaina, Kastanitsa. Settlements: Sampatiki, Livadi, Vaskina, Paliochora, Agios Panteleimonas (Fouska), Dernikeika

The Tsakonian dialect

The Tsakonian dialect, the Tsakonian dance, the costume, the customs and traditions of the Tsakonians, are another dynamic of the Parnon area. According to the “Chronicle of Monemvasia”: “And the prefectures and peasants of Thremte were settled in the rugged places adjacent to it, and finally the jaconia were named”. The Tsakones, as true descendants of the Dorians, kept their roots intact and the Tsakonian language is still the living expression of the Doric dialect. In the cradle of Tsakonia, today insists on walking and creating in the footsteps of yesterday in a perpetual and uninterrupted breath of Greece.

The special linguistic treasure of our place The Tsakonian dialect has been included in the list of endangered languages ​​of UNESCO and is recognized as a cultural achievement and a unique treasure of culture. The language was preserved genuine and unadulterated in the mouths of ordinary people, peasants, shepherds and farmers. In wishes, in greetings, in curses, in everyday expressions, in teasing and jokes, there is for centuries now the linguistic treasure of the Tsakonians. In this special part of the Greek land called Tsakonia (the birthplace of Tsakonia was Prastos, Kastanitsa and Sitaina), in these rugged places, the inhabitants of the area, with few means, not only survived, but left behind a valuable heritage, the Tsakonian tradition, the beautiful language, the unique evocative Tsakonian dance, the Tsakonian songs, the weaving art, their habits, what we call today customs and traditions. All this composes the identity of the place with a living language that is in the hands of the Tsakonians, but also of all Hellenism, to embrace it and protect it from oblivion

See the link

 http: //www.tsakonianarchives.gr / …

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Platanos of Arcadia

From our Municipality A picturesque village built on the southeast side of Parnonas at an altitude of 450 meters, is 180 kilometers from Athens. The settlement has been characterized as a preserved traditional and the visitor is enchanted at first sight by the rich vegetation and the many waters that he faces when he reaches the village.

The village is known for its microclimate and its water. “Like Platanos, you will not find water anywhere else. With one sip you do not want a doctor, with two you find a match “. The old watermill, the stone fountain, the imposing church, the alleys, the Fire of Fate that meets whoever arrives in the village offer images that relax and calm the mind and soul. Those looking for adventure and direct contact with nature can find it by exploring the Cave Canyon.

In the area there is the Cave of Sotiros or Sosimos, you can also go hiking in the gorge of Lepida. The fauna of the area is also rich, while the feasts of love, water and moons in August with the filling of the Moon and the feasts of cherries in May are special and well-known. Nearby the villages of Haradros and Sitaina with rich vegetation and incomparable natural beauty.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Platanos is known for its climate and its water. The marble inscription on the fountain in the central square “warns”: Like Platanos you will not find water in other places with one sip you do not want a doctor with two you find a match. Platanos is 20 km from Astros and is built amphitheatrically, at an altitude of 450 m. On the northeast side of Mount Parnon, at the base of a green ravine. It is surrounded by beautiful and unspoiled natural environment full of chestnuts, pines, plane trees and firs. Platanos is a picturesque village full of narrow cobbled streets, stone houses, plenty of water, but also many fruit trees, such as cherries, pears, walnuts. His houses retain the main elements of the local architecture, which is combined with island elements.

At the entrance of the village is the central cobbled square with the first waterfall of the village “Chares” and impressive rich vegetation. The central church of the village is Agia Anna, while there are two more post-Byzantine churches, Agios Georgios and Agios Theodoros with elaborate hagiographies. Also of interest is the Tower of Squadron with a defensive corner construction (18th century), which is a typical tower house. Opposite the village, an emblematic rock with the name “Kalogeros”, due to its shape, provides a wonderful view to the village, but also to Parnonas.

Southeast of the village, near the bridge begins the idyllic gorge of Spilakia (See p. 121) with dense vegetation and abundant water that ends in the river Vrasiatis. Another path, shortly after the bridge, leads to the chapel of Agiorgis. In the area of ​​the gorge there is the Cave of the Savior or Sosimos, which during the years of the Revolution became a refuge for the inhabitants of the village due to the rage of Ibrahim’s soldiers. The visitor can also enjoy the nature of the area by hiking in the gorge of Lepida (See p. 119). Another path, between the terraces where the Platanites cultivate their orchards, leads to the Monastery of the Assumption of the Virgin or Sela, as it is known, in an area of ​​exceptional beauty. The ornate frescoes of the Monastery represent martyrdoms, with direct references to the period of Ottoman rule.

The permanent residents of Platanos are few, but in summer the village comes to life. Rich cultural events are organized throughout the year, such as the famous “Feast of Cherries, Waters and Love” (See p. 282), the “Feast of Chestnuts and Figs”, the original “Backgammon Meeting” tournament, the “Full Moons” And many others.

Watermills and Water Mill :.

In the central square of Platanos is the Barkaikos watermill and next to it the two-story traditional stone fountain. It is the only mill of the four that the village used to have, with an internal mechanism that still works by grinding wheat and corn serving local needs, while at the same time it is a museum space for the visitors of the village. Next to and just below the Barakaikos watermill is the Perraean water mill or dristella (See p. 219). Before the ravine there is the Latsaikos watermill which is covered by large centuries-old plane trees.

Nymphs Waterfall & single-arched bridge: Descending to the ravine, the well-maintained path leads to the Nymphs Waterfall. The waterfall is about 10 m high and is surrounded by lush vegetation and imposing plane trees. The spot is especially popular with nature lovers especially in summer. Crossing on the path, parallel to the river, we meet the old single-arched bridge (See p. 354)

The stone bridge of Platanos:

The single-arched stone bridge of Platanos is a part of the history and tradition of the village. Nowadays its usability has been limited, however its beauty abounds. Built at the beginning of the 19th century, it served the daily needs of the inhabitants, as it connected Platanos with the coastal Kynouria. The conductors and shepherds of Platanos transported their wares and herds using this bridge, especially in winter, as the only passage to Eastern Kynouria and Argolida. In addition, residents of neighboring villages (Agios Ioannis, Orini Meligous, Haradros, etc.) easily transported their cereals to the watermills of Platanos located near the bridge. Today, the need to maintain and enhance the stone bridge – which is an integral part of Platanos’s physiognomy and is of particular cultural interest – is imperative, as the rapid water volumes collected by Lepida (Lepida waterfall) and the surrounding torrents, which in They end up in the river Vrasiatis, they may possibly threaten this beautiful monument of the village in the future.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Platanos is a village, which is located amphitheatrically built on the slopes of Mount Parnonas. Administratively it belongs to the Municipality of North Kynouria in the Prefecture of Arcadia. It has a distance of 180 km from Athens and 22 km from Paralio Astros. It is surrounded by many plane trees of hundreds of years, hence the name of the village. It has the form of an island with alleys where no cars can enter. The inhabitants claim that their origin is from an island, probably Aegina. It has been declared a traditional settlement. Next to the village flows the river Vrasiatis. Due to the river, many public fountains and ditches in the alleys have been created in the village. It borders the village of Haradros, Agios Ioannis and the Tsakonian village of Sitaina. At a distance of 2 km from the village is the gorge of Lepida

History

Platanos is mentioned for the first time in the Chronicle of the Fall of Georgios Sfrantzis in 1435, with the name Platamonas. In the following years, he refers to several documents during the Venetian period. Before and during the Second Ottoman Empire (18th and 19th century) the village flourished, along with other neighboring villages. At the same time, several mansions and tower houses were built. The contribution of the village was important during the Revolution of 1821. In 1826, Ibrahim passed through the village but the inhabitants were saved because they hid in a cave on the opposite hill which the inhabitants still call “troupa”. There is an oven and a cistern inside.

After the liberation, it became the seat of the municipality of Platanountos, while in the following years, after its merger with the Municipality of Thyreas, it became the seat of the homonymous community.

The village

In Platanos, due to its abundant waters, watermills, water saws and water mills used to operate. The inhabitants are mainly engaged in the cultivation of agricultural products, such as cherries, chestnuts, figs, but also tomatoes and various squash. The ancients remember the fields full of lanterns at night where the inhabitants went and watered them. Also, half of the population of the village was once engaged in animal husbandry. Now there are 3-4 families. The traditional musical instruments of the village are the lute and the violin. The organ players were invited to festivals and weddings in the neighboring villages.

In the village there are 5 churches: Agios Georgios, which is located on the opposite hill and is considered the first church of the village. According to tradition, the first settlement was located there, Agioi Theodoroi, located at the top of the village. Beyond Panagia, located on the second hill to the right of the village, surrounded by water and terraces of residents plowing. The area there is called Sela and used to be a monastery which was built at the end of the 15th century. and was hagiographed by Georgios Koulidas. According to tradition, the church took its name from a Turkish aga, who placed a golden saddle in order to save his child from an illness, which was eventually saved. In the church lived monks who were hanged by the Turks. A fountain and concrete benches have been created in the area of ​​the chapel. There, on Easter Tuesday, there was a celebration with organ players.

The church of the Transfiguration of the Savior is located at the top of the village and is open every year on August 6. And this church was formerly a monastery (18th century) where monks had cells. Finally, the church of Agios Petros, located next to the community office of the President of the village. The central church of the village is Agia Anna, whose sleep is celebrated on July 25, with an image procession in the alleys of the village. The church has a half-burned icon from the raid of Ibrahim. In the old days, in the neighborhood

The market of the village called Karakala was concentrated, with a barber shop, a grocery store and two wine shops.

The hostel has been operating in the village since 2010 with coffee and food. There are 2 more cafes. The visitors are mainly climbers and nature lovers, who hike in the gorge of Lepida, on the bridge that leads to the old road to Astros called Skala and served the people before the road network. They are still hiking on the old Platanos-Sitaina path.

See the links below, for texts and photos <our sources>

From ypaithros.gr

https://www.ypaithros.gr/platanos-kynourias-opou-akous-polla-kerasia/embed/#?secret=hYI1QArmJz

From BESDES.GR

“Climbed to the closing of a small green ravine of Parnonas. Platanos Kynourias is exactly what you are looking for for an excursion out of the ordinary

http://besdes.gr/2018/10/08/%CE%BC%CF%8C%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%82-180%CF%87%CE%BB%CE%BC-%CE%B1%CF%80%CF%8C-%CF%84%CE%B7%CE%BD-%CE%B1%CE%B8%CE%AE%CE%BD%CE%B1-%CF%85%CF%80%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B5%CE%B9-%CE%AD%CE%BD%CE%B1-%CE%AC%CE%B3/?fbclid=IwAR0btm4BhDWp0fjAMVH2R3-f–oO6iV1JYVn9O1Rrxt2M7Ui8yi7uf_djqfY

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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Charadros of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

Haradros is a beautiful semi-mountainous village, 17 km southwest of Astros, on the northeastern slopes of Mount Parnon, built at an altitude of 568 m. Large and small hills, varied ridges, slopes with olive trees, streams and gorges compose the landscape.

The Haradros land becomes more beautiful with the color compositions and contrasts it acquires in the seasons. Remarkable archeological sites are observed on the borders of the village, such as the Cave of Asoulas (Ai Giorgis) (See p. 126), with timeless habitation from the Neolithic period to the Byzantine times, and the ancient prison at Elliniko, just before entrance to the village, which is preserved in very good condition. The few inhabitants of the village today are engaged in the cultivation of olives and livestock. The oldest church of Haradros is the Prophet Elias, which according to tradition has been built on the ruins of an older church. He is the patron saint of the village and celebrates on the 20th of July. In the village stand out the renovated school (1927) and the fountain Variko (1937) with its two very tall plane trees. At a distance of 2 km southeast of Haradros are Agioi Asomatoi, a small settlement that was once the winter home for the inhabitants of Vourvourou.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Haradros (or Trestena until 1927 [3]) is a small semi-mountainous village in the prefecture of Arcadia, built at an altitude of 535 meters on the northeastern slopes of Mount Parnon. It is surrounded by mountains and overlooks a small plain. Slopes with olive trees, streams and gorges compose the landscape of the area.

 It is located in the province of Kynouria and is 18 km from Astros. Sights of the village are the school building built in 1927 and the Variko fountain of 1937, which is shaded by two tall plane trees. An olive mill operated in the settlement until 1999

astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas

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Meligou of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 “Meligou is a neighboring village of Astros, the seat of the Municipality of North Kynouria. Inside the settlement the visitor will observe the bust of Kolokotronis, who had encamped here with the military during the Second National Assembly of the Greeks and will admire the churches of Timios Prodromos and Agios Nikolaos, the squares and the park- recreation area and stadium next to the primary school. Of interest are the stone-built water bridges next to the village and especially the imposing water bridge (Mylovageno) in the area of ​​Agios Georgios. Impressive view from Kastraki Meligous (See p. 215) to the plain of Thyrea, the wetland of Moustos and the Argolic Gulf. The church of Agia Anastasia, with architectural members from antiquity, is located in an area which may hide and mark the ancient city of Thyrea, which according to the written reports of Thucydides “is ten steps away”. Two km south of Meligos is the lagoon of Moustos (See p. 31), an important pole of attraction for visitors, the waters of which end through a complex of artificial and natural canals in the Argolic Gulf, with their impressive estuary and the bridge of Kazarba (See . photo p. 228). From the Bavarian bridge of Casarba to Portes stretches a unique beach, in an idyllic environment that remains unchanged, since it is located in the Area of ​​Absolute Protection of the wetland Moustos.

At a distance of 12 km southwest of Astros and at an altitude of 616 m. Is built the mountainous Meligou. The stone houses of the village and the churches of Agios Georgios and Panagia are impressive. A reference point for the visitor is the beautiful square of Panagia with the imposing age-old plane trees and the rich waters. Northwest of the village of Meligou and a short distance from it, in Spathokommeno, is an ancient prison. The historic Monastery of the Holy Trinity is another dynamic attraction of Meligou. Numerous cultural events and rich festivals are organized by the Cultural and Sports Associations of the village throughout the year. «

The enchanting Portes beach is located in Kato Meligou, is a reference point for all locals and “belongs” to all όλους .. Paralio Astros, Astros and Meligou. The Astrinos agree with the visitors who report that they enjoyed their baths “in Portes, the best beach of Astros”.

Mountainous Meligou Arcadia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia “

The mountainous Meligou of Arcadia, is a mountainous, traditional settlement [of Kynouria. It is built at an altitude of 616 m., At a distance of 12 km west of Astros and next to the village of Agios Ioannis. Administratively it belongs to the Municipality of North Kynouria

History

Orini Meligou is mentioned for the first time in the Chronicle of Moreos by Georgios Sfrantzis in the year 1435 with the name Meligou. The name “Meligou” is of Slavic origin and comes from the tribe of Milingos (or Melingos), who together with the Ezerites settled in the 9th century. in Parnonas, leaving many place names. In the 17th and 18th c. Meligou developed and became one of the richest and most powerful villages in the area along with Agios Ioannis, Agios Petros, Platanos and others. Meligou’s contribution to the Revolution of 1821 was important, as many Meligiotes took part in various battles such as the Bervens, the Dolians, the Tripolitsakas. In 1826, Orini Meligou was completely destroyed by the armies of Ibrahim Pasha, while other villages in the area had the same fate. After the liberation, Meligou became part of the Municipality of Thyreas (based in Agios Ioannis and Astros), while its inhabitants settled permanently in Meliggiotika Kalivia (today’s Winter of Meligou, Arcadia).

The village

Orini Meligou, is built on the slope of a lush and green mountain. The village is full of traditional mansions, fountains, taverns and churches. In the village, there is the church of Agios Georgios with the cemetery and Panagia, which celebrates on September 8. Nearby from the village, there are the chapels of Agios Savvas, Profitis Ilias and Agia Triada, a former monastery built in the 17th century. To the north of the village are the remains of an ancient outpost, at Spathokommeno. In the village take place every year events and festivals, with the most important of the Virgin Mary (September 7-8) and the Holy Trinity. In winter the village is left with few inhabitants, since most of the inhabitants go down to Meligou “

 Wall – Greek

Nearby opposite Ano Meligou is the Wall – El At a distance of about 5 km from Astros at the top of the hill above the bends “kodeles” at a short distance from the uphill road to Agiannis is the Greek Wall, from there the view of Thyratida Gis and the Argolic gulf is excellent . At the point there is an inscription of the archeological service that leads to a rural road and after 2 kilometers the visitor reaches a plateau, which is the beginning of a 15 minute walk that leads to the top of a hill, the Wall or Elliniko. Here one can see the ruins of the ancient sanctuary of the god Apollo, ruins of walls, buildings and underground tanks and relics of the Upper Thyrea or for some others of the Nereid.

Holy Triada

“On the road from Astros to Orini Meligou, just before we reach the inn of Kopanitsa, we follow on the left the dirt road and the signs to the Monastery of the Holy Trinity (1612). The monastery is in ruins, but its katholikon is preserved in very good condition

From FBMeligios Symposium

About Meligou

MELIGIOTIS SYMPOSIUM · MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 2019 ·

Meligou as we should know is a Village of Kynouria, a Community of the former Municipality of Thyrea and now an Apartment of the Municipality of North Kynouria. The most similar of Meligos are its two parts “in one body and one heart”, the Upper Meligou (Spring house, or Mountainous Meligou, or the “Village”) and the Lower Meligou (Winter house, or Pedini Meligou, or the ” Gialos “, or” Kalivia Meligous “). It is inhabited by the Meligiotes or Meligites, and in addition to Gialos have settled many xenohorites from the mountains of Kynouria (Platanites and Verveniotes mainly, but not only) assimilated. The closest, to a misunderstanding, village in Meligou is Agiannis or Astros, which is the seat of the Municipality of North Kynouria. Some additional information about our village:

1.HISTORY

Our village “Meligou”, as it is officially called today, owes its name – experts say – to the Meligos or Miligos Slavs, who during the middle ages (6th-7th etc. centuries), settled at the foot of the mountains “Parnos” or “Malevos” (as we call it) and “Taygetos” and especially for us in today’s “Orini Meligou” and in fact in the places “Koutri” and “Meliggaria” where there are obvious traces of old settlements and locations with Slavic names.

The descent of the Slavs in the Peloponnese during the Middle Ages, their attitude towards the empire and the Franks and the eventual assimilation with the Greekness of the area and the majority of the population is a great chapter of continuous study for historians and archaeologists.

The “Chronicle of Moreos”, an unknown text of the 14th century, gives information about the Slavs of the Peloponnese, including the Milingos or Meligos (drougos or drogos of Miligos or Meligoi which consisted of Slavic and Greek or ambiguous villages).

Furthermore, Meligou (ie the primitive settlement in the mountainous part) is also known in the year 1435 AD, where it is mentioned by George Frantzis as “Meligon” along with other neighboring villages that still exist today.

During the period (1683-1699), when the Venetian-Turkish dispute over the sovereignty in the Peloponnese was raging, and specifically in 1687, our village is mentioned again in code number 61 of the Monastery of Iveron on Mount Athos by Theophylaktos Agorastos who notes that ” Meimet Pasha came and not wanting the villages to worship him, they enslaved and burned Agios Ioannis, in Melingou, Kastanitsa, etc.

” In the year 1700, during the Venetian occupation, Meligou is mentioned in the census of Grimani as a village in the region of Agios Petros with 43 families (about 160 inhabitants).

During the 18th and 19th centuries our village is mentioned by European visitors, travelers or even spies of that time.

2. ADMINISTRATION

During the second Turkish occupation and the Revolution until 1833, Meligou was administratively part of the Province of Agios Petros. In 1833-1834 Meligou was included in the Province of Kynouria as a Community of the Municipality of Thyrea. With the abolition of the old Municipalities in 1914, Meligou was named as Community of Meligou with a single geographical area, the Mountainous and Winter Meligou. With the introduction of the “Kapodistrias” and “Kallikratis” systems, Meligou is today a Community Department of the Municipality of North Kynouria.

The administrative affiliation of Meligos is in the Province of Kynouria in the Prefecture of Arcadia in the Peloponnese Region

Judicially, Meligou belongs to the Court of First Instance and the Court of Appeal of Nafplio. Meligou as a whole occupies about 25,000 acres of open space and its population is about 900 inhabitants.

3. IDENTITY

 During the second Turkish occupation, the Meligiotes, who owned land in the so-called field of Astros, built makeshift houses on the edge of the plain, where they remained for a while, as long as it was necessary for the cultivation of the estates. Over time these buildings became ground floor houses and were named “Kalivia Meligous” or “Meleggitika or Melig iotika Kalivia ”and were the winter residence of the inhabitants. The huts became normal houses, two-storey, the people got rid of the fear of various dangers from the sea and the plague of malaria of the swamp of lake “Moustos” and we arrived today where the main residence of the people of Meligioti is in Pedini or Winter or Kato Meligou or in “Gialos”, while Orini or Apano Meligou or “Chorio”, is a place of recreation and festivals at every opportunity.

“Chorio” is located at an altitude of about 600 meters and “Gialos” about 50 meters above sea level.

“SOUGELOS – WATER MILL – MOTHER OF WATER

These monuments in Kato Meligou were once monumental works for the survival of the inhabitants of the Village. They were built before the liberation by the Turks and the water followed the course from the spring (Mana) with an open aqueduct (Sougelos from the Turkish homonymous su yollari), passed through the imposing Mill Mill of the Watermill to the chapel of Agiorgis, by two stone bridges of the two torrents of Meligos (one survives), from intermediate reservoirs and ended in three public fountains in the village for water supply and in earthen ditches for irrigation. The oldest written reference that has been found so far for these monuments is the notarial contractor of the year 1837 with which the Special Assistant Meligous commissioned the repair of the Mother of Water and Sougelos to a carpenter (“mason”) from Kastri. The course from Meligou along Sougelos to Mylovagenos and from there to Mana tou Nero is for every visitor a true course of history in the natural environment, which is worth experiencing. “

“Mana tou Nerou” is also the name of the spring above the monastery of Loukous, from which Astros and Kato Doliana were supplied with water by Karytsiotis. Two hundred years ago, Karytsiotis donated the school to us and brought us water in the village to pay for the school’s teachers from the farm.”

We bravely borrowed photos and texts from our friends Meligiotes

http://meligiotiko-simposio.blogspot.com/

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Agios Petros of Arcadia

The Municipality of North Kynouria, based in the historic Astros, consists of 26 Local Apartments and 40 settlements, located in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Arcadia and to the east is bathed by the waters of the Argolic Gulf.

In the whole of Thyrea it is not an exaggeration to say that if you pick up a small stone you will find a historical monument and an archeological treasure.

Gradually we will post special pages for all the Traditional Villages

Agios Petros Arcadia is 224 km from Athens Airport , 33 km from Astros and 36 km from Tripolis.

From our Municipality

Drowned in the green village of Parnon. It has a perfect tourist infrastructure with hotels, taverns, shops with local products and is a destination all year round, as it covers almost all tastes. 192 km from Athens, 36 from Tripoli, Agios Petros is a traditional settlement that does not leave its visitor complaining. The sights of the village include the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul in the square, the Tower of Trikalitis, the renovated stone school, an excellent example of the architecture of its time, the Tower of Aga, of the 18th century, the old carpet factory, the stone “Anna’s bottom”.

The historical past of the village is special since in 1821 the captain Anagnostis Kontakis raised the Banner of the Revolution and in 1826 set fire to Ibrahim. The visit to Agios Petros can not be combined with the visit to the well-known monastery of the area, the Monastery of Malevi. Lovers of mountaineering and nature getaways will not be left complaining, since from the village start paths that end at Mikri Tourla and Megali Tourla, the highest peak of Parnon, at 1936 meters, which is far from the shelter, where one can to spend the night, about 6 hours. In the village the visitor can get to know the tradition through the festivals, which take place on the occasion of the religious holidays, while in the wider area (between Agios Petros-Agios Ioannis) there is the Castle of Oria or Estella (Astron), where one can see the ruins of a settlement. and fort.

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Agios Petros is a green traditional settlement, with picturesque alleys, at an altitude of 950 m. It has a perfect tourist infrastructure with hotels, taverns and shops with local products, as the surrounding slopes are overgrown with chestnuts, walnuts, cherries, pears and apples. . It is located 33 km southwest of Astros and is an ideal destination for all seasons.

The past of the village is historically special since on March 24, 1821 the noble and chief Anagnostis Kontakis raised the Banner of the Revolution here. Other personalities related to the village, apart from Anagnostis Kontakis, who was also a memoirist of the revolution of 1821, in whatever form and whose contribution is decisive in the wider region, in the Panhellenic or in the world, are considered until now the : Athanasios Sakellarios, Thanos Vagenas, Amalia Fleming, Stefanos Vassiliadis, Nana Mouskouri and Petros Themelis.

The sights of the village include the Church of the Apostles Peter and Paul of 1850, whose iconostasis is made in 1875, from gray marble of Parnon. Sights are the vaulted fountain of Kerastas in the main square, with the inscription of 1769, the renovated stone school of 1920 – an excellent example of the architecture of his time, the Tower of Trikalitis, the old tapestry and the stone bridge of “Bithou” which joins the two banks of the river Tanos. From the village start paths that end in Mikri and Megali Tourla. Nearby from the village is the shelter of Parnon, a reference point for climbers and mountaineering clubs. The mapped European hiking trail E4, which crosses all of Greece, passes through Agios Petros. Five km east of Agios Petros, is JM Malevi, one of the most famous religious destinations in our country (See p. 185). The Monastery is surrounded by the unique, not only for Greece, but also for Europe, forest of the Syrian juniper Juniperus drupacea. In the area of ​​Xirokambi, east of Agios Petros, at the top of a hill, remains of the imposing Castle of Oria are preserved (See p. 214). At the same time, the visitor can get to know the tradition through the festivals that take place on the occasion of the religious holidays, such as Agios Nilos of Myrovlitis on May 7, the Apostles Peter and Paul on June 29, as well as the feast of Panagia Malevi on August 23. . Trikalitis Tower in Agios Petros The Trikalitis Tower is a two-storey tower, of exceptional architecture, built around 1800 with the loopholes in its corners and the scalpel above the entrance. It includes two floors and a floor. It was built for the local Aga for use as a fortified residence and in the process it was also named “Aga Tower”. A characteristic architectural “symbol” of the village that was used as a Kapodistrian – Greek School – Half High School, after the revolution of 1821 (period 1829-1835), while today and after its recent renovation (courtesy of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation), is a inside there is a small folklore museum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Agios Petros is a mountain village and community in the municipality of North Kynouria. It is built on the north side of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 961 meters [3]. It is located 3 km south of the village of Elatos, 5 km east of Vourvoura, 6 km northeast of Karyes Laconia, 18 km southwest of Astros and 26 km southeast of Tripoli.

It has been declared a traditional settlement. [4] History Agios Petros is mentioned for the first time in 1435 in the Chronicle of the Fall of Georgios Sfrantzis. In the following years the village is mentioned in various documents of the time.

Around 1600 in the village was born Agios Nilos the Myrovlitis (according to the world Nikolaos Terzakis, † 1651), who consecrated himself in the Monastery of Malevi and later on Mount Athos. During the Venetian period, in 1687, Agios Petros became the seat of the Province of Agios Petros Tsakonia (Territorio di San Pietro di Zacognia). At the same time (18th century) the village experienced great growth due to trade, with a population then almost 4,000 inhabitants and many mansions – tower houses.

During the Turkish occupation, Agios Petros became the seat of the Vilaeti of Agios Petros, which included Kastri, Agios Ioannis, Platanos, Meligos, Haradros, Astros, Korakovouni, Prastos, Sitaina, Kastanitsa, B Doliana et al. After 1775 the thieves Giannis Karabelas, Antonakis Alevizos, fought and resisted against the Turkalvans. In 1786 these two revolutionaries, in collaboration with Captain Zacharias and other Agiopetrites, fought the Turks in the Monastery of Malevi.

With the founding of the Friendly Society, in 1814, several Agiopetrites begin to participate, including the prostitute Anagnostis Kondakis, the abbot of the Malevi Monastery, Kallinikos Tsiamouris and others The contribution of the village to the Revolution of 1821 was important. On March 24, 1821, Anagnostis Kondakis proclaims the Revolution in the area. Several Agiopetrites, under Anagnostis Kondakis, participated with great success in the battles of Doliani and Vervena, Tripolitsa, Valtetsiuk, etc., in collaboration with the other military corps of Kynouria. In 1826 Ibrahim Pasas completely destroyed the village, as well as all the other villages in the area.

 In the following years Agios Petros became the seat of the Community of Agios Petros. In 1944, during the German occupation, 48 civilians were executed by the Germans in St. Peter

The village Agios Petros is overgrown with firs, walnuts and other trees, it has a lot of water and several fountains, such as Kerastas, Katsis, Karabelas and Kapeletzis etc. The village has old mansions tower houses, with the most important being the house of the Turkish aga Trikalitis of the 18th century and many churches, with the most important being Agios Petros (19th century), the Entrances of the Virgin Mary, Agios Nilos etc. Finally, it has various services such as a school, a community office and various Associations.

 Nearby are the so-called Kastritochoria (Kastri, Elatos, Oria, Tou Karatoula, Mesorrachi, Nea Chora and Perdikovrisi), Agios Ioannis and other villages. To the south is the top of Mount Parnon with an altitude of 1,934 meters. Nearby is the Monastery of Malevi and the medieval Castle of Oria

“In the area around the Monastery of Malevi, in Kynouria, lies the only forest in Europe made of cedar trees, which has been declared a protected natural monument and is protected by the Natura 2000 network. The tree cedar or juniper or Syrian juniper is a rare species, endemic to the Eastern Mediterranean and found in forests only in Syria. Nevertheless, it is characteristic of the flora of Parnon and in this location is found in a pure cluster of 740 acres. “Other species of rare plants have been recorded in the same forest, which confirms the uniqueness of the environment in this area.”

ΥΑ 26120/1194/17-8-1953 – ΦΕΚ 204/Β/21-9-1953

Official Gazette Title On the designation of the “Trikalitis Tower” as a preserved monument.

Text

“We characterize the Trikalitis tower in Agios Petros Kynourias as a historical preserved monument”.

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Kastri of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia

Kastritochoria

Kastritochoria, centered on Kastri-Agios Nikolaos, are located on a verdant and complex in terms of flora slope of Parnon. Magnificent natural landscape and beautiful settlements that create a separate unit of seven villages, Kastri, Elatos, Karatoulas, Mesorrachi, Nea Chora, Perdikovrisi and Oria. The oral tradition states that the seven settlements were created by inhabitants of the coastal area of ​​Thyrea, near Astros, who, in order to escape the invasions of the enemies, coming from the sea, proceeded to the mountainous areas, following mainly its riverbed. of the river Tanos and its tributaries. These first settlers were followed by other Thyrates who were scattered in the settlements of Kastri and thus their population increased. During the Turkish occupation, the Kastritochoria actively participated in the revolution of 1821. After the liberation from the Turks, when by a decree of 1834/5 the Municipalities of the Prefecture of Arcadia were formed, the Municipality of Tania was created, which included the Kastritochoria. In 1912 the Municipality of Tania was abolished and communities were established in the area. In the years that followed, the population almost doubled until the war of 1940, when it began to decline due to the blood tax on the Germans, the civil war and later internal and external immigration. Kastri- Mountain village of Parnonas at an altitude of 950 m. Kastri is surrounded by chestnut trees, walnuts, cherries and plane trees and is located 35 km west of Astros. It is the largest village of a complex of seven villages that all together used to be called Kastri or Kastritochoria and due to the rich vegetation are characterized as the “Pelion of Arcadia” (See p. 322). Its old name was Agios Nikolaos and most of its inhabitants are engaged in the production of chestnuts and the cultivation of the land. Particularly characteristic is the paved central square of the village with unrestricted views of the river Tanos and Mount Parnon, around which operate most of the shops, cafes and taverns. The church of Agios Nikolaos is an attraction of the village, with its imposing bell tower and clock. The stone architecture of the village is typical in the houses, but also in the public buildings. The visitor can get acquainted with the popular culture of the area that unfolds in the shrines, watermills, threshing floors and stone fountains that are preserved to this day and explore the natural environment of Parnon through the actions of the Environmental Education Center that operates on the ground floor of the stone primary school of the village (See p. 447). From the village begins an interesting path to the gorge of the river Tanos. It is worth noting that until the period of the 1970s Kastri was the most dynamic center of North Kynouria, since here, in addition to the rich economic traffic, the flourishing of trade and the intense cultural activity, there was a radio station, an organized hospital and many public -administrative services.

From our Municipality

 Beautiful Village, named after the complex of seven Kastritochorion, as the largest village in the area until 1960. The other villages are Messorachi, Perdikovrisi, Nea Chora, Karatoulas, Oria and Elatos. 25 Kilometers from Tripoli, it is located at an altitude of 950 meters and is a traditional mountain village that combines tranquility and leisure opportunities, such as walks, the discovery of mountain nature and the gorges of Parnon but also offers the possibility of religious ascension as northeast of the village is a one of the most picturesque monasteries, of Timios Prodromos. It has a tourist infrastructure with rooms for rent and many taverns for food. The visitor can get to know the popular culture through shrines, watermills, threshing floors and traditional fountains that are still preserved today and explore the environment and nature of Parnon through the Environmental Education Center that operates in the square. For those who are enchanted by unique routes in nature, from the village begins a road that ends through Vourvouron and Karya in the national Tripoli-Sparta. Captain Zacharias Varvitsiotis acted in Kastri with a great participation in the struggle of 1821. https://www.discoverkynouria.gr/el/sights/kastri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Kastritochoria

Kastri or Kastritochoria is a mountainous historical community of Arcadia, which consists of seven villages (complex of villages) and specifically these are: Agios Nikolaos which is considered the head of Kefalochori, Mesorrachi, Oria, Nea Chora, Elatos, Perdikovrisi ,Karatoulas. [3] In the area is also the Monastery T. of Prodromos, while it is also crossed by the river Tanos. It borders with the villages: Agios Petros, Ano Doliana, Vourvoura, Koutroufa and Stolos.

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Doliana of Arcadia

From our Municipality

“Green mountain village with a wonderful view and known for the victorious battle of Nikitaras, also called Turkophagus, in May 1821. It is located at 1050 meters, 25 km from Tripoli, 45 from Astros and has good tourist infrastructure, with hostels, taverns Ideal village for weekends and three days, suitable for those who love nature and walks, through the village passes the European Trail E4. While visitors show a special preference for the forest village located just outside Ano Doliana. Dolian marble while you can visit the Christofili Folklore Museum and see the art and tradition of the area.The chestnut festival, a local product of the mountainous Kynouria, which takes place in Autumn, has a large attendance, and where the visitor can taste the chestnut in The villagers are transported to Ano Doliana from Kato Doliana on April 23 where they also transport the image a of Agios Georgios from one village to another on foot, a custom that is passed down from generation to generation. ” https://www.discoverkynouria.gr/el/sights/ano-doliana

 A friend of ours observes from “Doliana Arcadia”

“The right thing is: The transfer of the icon of Agios Georgios takes place on the first Sunday of November on foot from Ano Doliana to Kato Doliana as the residents used to move to spend the winter in the winter (Kato Doliana). The village also has a large omitted cherry production. “

From the Ministry of Rural Development

The forest village “Ano Doliana” of the Prefecture of Arcadia is located on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, at an altitude of 1,180m. approximately, at the location Horeftarou – Krekiza of the mountain settlement `Ano Doliana of the Municipality of Kynouria, at a distance of 20km. SE of Tripoli.

It was built by the Kynouria Forestry Department, with credits from our Ministry, and has two access roads. Its area is 29 acres and consists of 20 wooden houses. Of these, others have a bedroom – which can comfortably accommodate 2-3 people – and two other separate bedrooms – where 4-5 people can stay. The houses are completed with bathroom, kitchen, refrigerator, and a spacious living room with fireplace and dining area.

There is also a central restaurant for two hundred people, with a large fireplace in the middle, where guests can enjoy local delicacies, made with Arcadian recipes, from genuine local products.

The construction of the forest village has been done with special care. The electromechanical installations, the lighting, water supply and sewerage networks are excellent, while the special extinguishing means that exist ensure the safety of the stay.

The visitor, in all seasons, can escape for a while away from the stress and pollution of the environment of big cities, and wander in the picturesque environment of the forest village, with its stone walls, terraces and paths, to observe and to admire the rich nature and its functions, to love it and to protect it. He can also learn the history and get to know the life of the modern inhabitants of Arcadia, as the location of the forest village is such that it can be used as a base for visits to the beautiful traditional villages of the area.

Visitors to the forest village have the opportunity to engage in various other alternative activities, such as horseback riding, archery, mountain biking, paint bull, hiking.

The forest village of Ano Doliana is offered for environmental education and information of visitors, for conferences and seminars of forestry and environmental content, while there is the possibility of providing facilities to students of all levels of education.

http://www.minagric.gr/…/dasika…/1168-xorio-anodoliana

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Doliana

The historic village of Doliana is built at an altitude of 1,050 m and at a distance of about 35 km west of Astros, being the “gate” to Mount Parnon. It is a traditional, picturesque and dynamic mountain destination, known in Greece. Doliana is known since antiquity for the marble of excellent quality from which important temples of antiquity were built as well as the Metropolitan Church of St. Basil in Tripoli (1855). The impressive stone houses of the settlement, the picturesque cobbled streets, the ornate fountains, surrounded by chestnuts, oaks, cherries, walnuts, plane trees, compose a unique anthropogenic and natural environment for the visitor. Numerous hiking trails start from the village and in many places meet the European path E4. Dolian They are also known from the famous battle of Doliana that took place here on May 18, 1821 (See p. 268). The historically preserved building “Tambouri tou Nikitaras” (building owned by Afon Christofili) in Ano Doliana, where Nikitaras and his companions were fortified, has been turned into a museum. Just outside the village, in a green location of chestnut trees, is the church of Ai Giannis, the stream and the homonymous waterfall. The village has a rich tourist infrastructure, hostels, hotels, restaurants and taverns, as well as the versatile Forest Village. Kato Doliana, northwest of Astros is the winter home of the Dolianites. Here the inhabitants of Ano Doliana spend the winter and return to the village in the spring, to spend the hot summer months, where they carry the image of the patron saint of the village Agios Georgios on the first Sunday of November. This transfer takes place from one village to another on foot (25 km), a custom that is passed down from generation to generation. In the wider area of ​​Kato Doliana, there are important archeological sites and monuments, such as the Asclepieion of the Warrior and the Villa of Herodes Atticus in the area of ​​Loukous, the archeological sites in Kourmeki and Tsiorovo, ancient prisons (Anemomylos) ancient alabaster quarry at “Koufogi”. The traditional product of Ano Doliana is the chestnuts that the inhabitants pick in the fall, when the chestnut festival is organized, while in Kato Doliana the inhabitants are engaged in the production of olive oil and edible olives (typical varieties are manaki and coarse olives). Citrus fruits are also grown. · Earth Festivals, such as the Chestnut Festival and other rich cultural events, the famous Herodias, historical representations, etc. are organized in Doliana every year. Since 2015, a mountain half marathon has been held in Ano Doliana as part of a two-day event organized on the occasion of the anniversary of the historic battle of Doliana on May 18, 1821.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ano Doliana, Arcadia

Ano Doliana (or Doliana) is a mountainous, stone-built village in the province of North Kynouria in Arcadia, which belongs to the local community of Doliana. [2] In winter it is inhabited by a few inhabitants, as most spend the winter in Kato Doliana and many return to it in the spring. In the 2011 census it had 90 inhabitants. It is characterized as a traditional settlement, according to the relevant legislation of the Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works [3] [4]

In recent years it has experienced remarkable mild tourism development, with a significant number of visitors, especially on winter weekends. [5] [6]

The settlement is located in the southern surroundings of the Tripoli plain. It stretches at an altitude between 950 and 1,050 meters and is built amphitheatrically on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, with a northern view, spread over two neighborhoods and surrounded by ravines and small waterfalls. Of particular value is the panoramic view from the spot, as it looks like a balcony [7] overlooking the plateau of Tripoli and the plain of Mantineia, with the visual horizon reaching the mountains Mainalo, Artemisio, Helmos and Erymanthos. [8]

The village is overgrown with chestnut trees and plane trees, while a forest with fir trees starts from its northeastern end. The cherries thrive in the area, while in the past there were also sour cherries. You will also see apple, fir, walnut, oak and some hazelnuts and pears, in a spectacle that is especially interesting in autumn, with the alternation of colors in the foliage of deciduous trees. [9] [10]

 It is at a distance of 175 kilometers or about 2 hours from Athens, 20 kilometers (25 minutes) from Tripoli and 33 kilometers (35 minutes) from Astros

History

Ancient quarries National Archaeological Museum of Athens: Sculptures of Damophon from the temple of Despina in Lykosoura. From left to right: Artemis, Dimitra, Veil of Despina, Anytos (Titan), female Third (fragment of the throne). Exhibits 2 and 3 are made of Doliana marble.

 Northwest of the community, in the places “Alepotrypes” and “Psofiaika”, there are ancient quarries dating from the archaic-classical era and produce the homonymous local marble of Doliana, [17] which is white, with a tone of light blue or light blue. [18] [19] It is one of the highest quality marbles of the Peloponnese, presenting similarities with the Pentelic marble of Attica, although it does not reach the quality characteristics of the latter. [20] It was used more commonly as a building stone and less often in sculpture.

Revolution

Bust of Nikitaras in the stream of Tsakonas, where the Battle of Doliana took place.

On May 18, 1821, during the Greek Revolution, the village was given the so-called Battle of Doliana. In this particular battle, Nikitaras who was holding Ano Doliana with 300 men, managed to repel 4,000 Turks who attacked with artillery. That day he also received the nickname “Turkophagus” which accompanied him later, because according to tradition many Turks fell from his hand. A statue has been erected in his memory at the entrance of the settlement and specifically in the area of ​​”Tsakonas stream”, the main theater of the battle.

Sights

The Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Doliana

On May 23, 2015, the “Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Doliana” was inaugurated, dedicated to the historical battle that took place in the village but also to the wider folklore of the daily life of the area. It is housed in the house of Christofili, one of the houses in which the Greek fighters drummed, an incident from which the house was christened “The drum of Nikitaras”. [45] [46] It is open to the public every Saturday and Sunday morning with free admission. [47]

Of particular beauty is the old school, which today operates as a traditional guest house. It consists of two buildings, which have been declared protected by the Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. [48] The smallest and oldest of these was erected in 1853. [7]

As a school, it operated in the months of September and October of each school year, until the inhabitants completed the harvest of chestnuts and saplings and were transferred to the plain settlement. It ceased operation in October 1982.

At a distance of 1.5 km from the center of the village, on the road to the settlement Dragouni and after the waterfall in the stream of Ai Gianni, is the picturesque chapel of Ai Giannis, in the middle of a green slope with panoramic views of the village.

Nikitaras had encamped here with his lads since May 16, 1821, coming from the camp of the Bervens with a final destination in Nafplio to procure scabbard. On the morning of May 18, when he had planned his departure, an Ottoman phalanx under Kehayabe Bey Mustafa began to ascend to the settlement with the ultimate goal of flanking the Berven camp. As a result, Nikitaras listened to the call of the villagers, postponed his departure and returned to the settlement to defend him. This is how the Battle of Doliana broke out.

The church of Ai Giannis opposite the settlement

Traditional fountains

Due to the abundant water in the area, several traditional marble fountains had been built in the village, which are still preserved today, although some have now dried up. Indicative:

• Sopot, immediately after the settlement of Kouvli and just before the entrance to Doliana. According to its Arabic inscription, it was built in 1713 and its name means “good waters” in Slavic. [49]

• Loutsitsa, in the village market.

• Tsirikou, in Rykakia.

• Konti, in the position of Angelaika.

• Close

• Vlanga

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%86%CE%BD%CF%89_%CE%94%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%AC_%CE%91%CF%81%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B4%CE%AF%CE%B1%CF%82

 Battle of Doliana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Battle of Doliana or Battle of Bervena took place in May 1821 between the Greek revolutionaries led by Nikitaras against the Turks in Ano Doliana of the Peloponnese, in the context of the Greek Revolution.

The battle On May 18, four thousand Turks with cannons under Mustafa left Tripoli with the aim of dismantling the camp at Vervena and were divided into three phalanxes. The first phalanx attacked Doliana, the second at Vervena and the third at Dragouni. [3] Nikitaras had just passed from Doliana in the direction of Argos and Nafplio. He immediately ran with 120 armed men back there and fortified himself in the strongest houses of the village. [2] A battle broke out in which the Greeks managed, although far fewer, to repel the Turks. In the meantime, reinforcements arrived from the camp of Bervena but were forced to retreat and fortify themselves in the camp where they put up effective resistance against the Turks and then chased them to Doliana where they joined the men of Nikitaras. [3] The Turks fled, leaving seventy dead, their cannons and three flags. [2]

Nikitaras also “won” the nickname of “Turkophagus”. Georgakis Digenis and Anagnostis Roris Dolianitis were killed in the battle, while twelve others were wounded. [2]

The importance of battle The battle of Doliana thwarted the dismantling of the camp at Vervena. There were 2,500 fighters there and his loss would be significant. [2] It also boosted the morale of the revolutionaries and paved the way for the fall of Tripoli

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%9C%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B7_%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BD_%CE%94%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%8E%CE%BD

 Kato Doliana

 A village of the plain created by the double inhabitants of Ano Doliana for their winter residence during the years of Ottoman rule. We distinguish the beautiful primary school (building of 1904) and the remains of an ancient tower (and settlement) in Tsiorovo. In Kato Do. liana, near the historic Monastery of Loukous, about 4 km from Astros, is the Villa of Herod of Attica, Prefect of the Roman conquerors.

Sources: Our Municipality, Wikipedia, Exploring Greece


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Koutroufa of Arcadia

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

Koutroufa

 At a distance of 5 km south of Astros and shortly after the lagoon of Moustos, next to the provincial road Astros – Leonidi are Koutroufa. It is a relatively modern settlement created by the inhabitants of the mountainous Koutroufon. In the center of the village dominates the beautiful, paved and stepped square, above which stands the imposing olive tree of Koutroufon that impresses every visitor. The inhabitants of the village are mainly engaged in the intensive cultivation of edible olives and the production of olive oil. The mountain settlement of Koutroufon is located on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, 42 km from Astros and at an altitude of 1,120 m (southeast of Vervena), in a green and rich natural environment. The churches of Panagia and Agios Georgios, the old primary school and the stone-built fountains are the jewels of the village. The inhabitants here continue their agricultural activities with the cultivation mainly of chestnut and walnut. Of the cultural activities of the village, special mention should be made of the Olive Festival ().

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Koutroufa is a mountain village in Arcadia. They are built on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 1,120 meters and is one of the most mountainous villages in the prefecture of Arcadia. Administratively, they belong to the municipality of North Kynouria and according to the 2011 census, their population is 153 inhabitants, who during the winter months leave the settlement and settle in Kato Koutroufa, Astros and the surrounding settlements of the area.

From ExploringGreece.gr

KOUTROUFA

Community consisting of Ano Koutroufa (mountain village 7Km.> From Ano Doliana. We separate the church of Panagia and the old Primary School) and Koutroufa (on the road Astros – Agios Andreas. 5 km from Astros) We distinguish the square with the centuries-old olive tree). Centuries-old Olive Koutroufa Centuries-old olive tree, older than 2,000 years and with a trunk circumference of 11 meters. In 2010 it was uprooted for the purpose of selling it, but finally with the intervention of the Municipality of North Kynouria it was transplanted in a specially designed space above the village square

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Vervena of Arcadia

WHY IT IS WORTH VISITING VERVENA

Throughout Greece and every season, a traveler can choose many and at the same time wonderful destinations.

Vervena, Arcadia, invites you to get to know them.

They are located on the west side of Mount Parnon. Twenty minutes from Tripoli, fifty minutes from Astros and just two hours from Athens. Visiting this wonderful mountain village of Arcadia is a unique experience. Decide it.

 In general, we can say that you will travel back in time. You will feel the harmony of the natural environment, you will enter even for a while, in a way of life simple, carefree, full of human warmth. Throughout the Greek countryside, but here in our Arcadia, the nostalgia of yesterday, the enjoyment of simple things and the relaxation from the difficult everyday life seem to coexist and are “generously” given to each visitor.

 Particularly :

1. Vervena is a beautiful traditional settlement with its own color, unique because the tourist development did not alter the essence of its traditional authentic character. It is masterfully integrated in the natural environment, built with materials provided by its place .. At an altitude of 1160 m. (The highest village in the province of Kynouria and one of the highest in Arcadia), the existence of large and wide roads, which serve locals and foreigners, is admirable.

2. REFERENCE TO THE RARE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF THE VILLAGE Its cleanliness, famous. Its alleys are flowery. Obsession for the inhabitants is the good reason that comes from foreign lips. Because they know that this praise is worth twice as much.

3. Its inhabitants, part and continuation of the landscape. Simple, simple, essential. The Doricity of their character, an asset hard to find nowadays…

4. Noteworthy: · The panoramic view of the entire Tegeatiko and Mantinea area.

· The Towers that played an important role in the revolution of ’21 (The tower of Papaioannou (Darveris), Marlagouzos, the Cretan, Adrachtas),

· The big Fountain,

· The I.N. Timiou Prodromou,

 · The church of Panagia etc.

And if you are lucky, you may also meet Pana, the son of Hermes and Dryope who runs on the slopes of the Berven mountains, “In the beautiful place where people like it, where are the sweet wines, the nice lads, lemongrass twigs » . DIANA

5. At sunset you will be enchanted by the unique games of light. You will see many sunsets in your life, few will remain in your memory 6. There are traditional taverns with good cuisine and local ingredients.

From our Municipality

Historic village known since the Revolution of 1821. Here was one of the two victorious battles under K. Karabelas against Mustafa Bey, the other was that of Doliana, which led to the Fall of Tripoli. One of the most mountainous villages of the Peloponnese at an altitude of 1160 meters, it has at its feet the plain of Tripoli. It is inhabited mainly in the summer, as well as the neighboring village of Ano Koutroufa, which is lost in chestnut and walnut trees. It is 40 km away from Tripoli and stands out for its stone and marble houses. Impressive is the Church of Panagia that has been built by Tinian craftsmen. The first printing house of the Struggle of 1821 operated in the village, while a marble plaque placed in 1920, reminds the fact of the arrival of Dimitris Ypsilantis in the village on June 21, 1821 where the Peloponnesian Senate was established. Ano Vervena was set on fire in 1826 by Ibrahim. Its inhabitants have been transferred to Kato Vervena, a seaside settlement near Paralio Astros, which is a tourist resort with a developed infrastructure and an excellent sandy beach.

https://www.discoverkynouria.gr/el/sights/ano-vervena

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “

. Vervena

The historic Vervena is a mountainous village of the Municipality of North Kynouria, in the northwestern slopes of Mount Parnon and at an altitude of 1,160 m. And at a distance of 42 km from Astros. In ancient times, according to the lexicographer Isichios, the Bervenians, an Arcadian genus, may have lived here. Significant archaeological finds have been found in the area of ​​the village, while in the place of Panteleimon, north of the village and at a distance of about 2 km are the ruins of the sacred temple of Artake of Knakeatida. There are ruins of Byzantine settlements around Vervena. Thanasis is a special figure in the area of ​​Kleftouria

In the much-sung Vervena, the visitor is pleasantly surprised by the majesty of the landscape and the architecture of the historic village. Every point and building of which awakens the pride and brings to life the memories of 1821, where some of the most glorious pages were written here. of the history of Karabelas, one of the most famous thieves of the Peloponnese, whose achievements were praised by the popular muse. In the revolution of 1821, Vervena played an important role, mainly due to its strategic location. Their camp was the first and one of the most important during the first days of the struggle. Here Kolokotronis had set up his headquarters, in the Tower of Augustus, before his attack against the Turks for the conquest of Tripolitsa. The first organized Tutorial of the Struggle also operated here and the heroic battle took place on May 18, 1821 (See p. 267). Important personalities of the Struggle passed through Vervena during the Revolution, including Dimitrios Ypsilantis, who addressed the fighters with an inspiring speech (June 21, 1821). The village was completely set on fire in 1826 by Ibrahim. The beautiful image of the village is completed by the imposing tower houses, the impressive stone houses, the picturesque alleys, the squares with the marble sculptures. Remarkable are the churches of Timios Prodromos and Panagia, a work of Tinian craftsmen from the beginning of the century, built with money from the Brotherhood of Vervenians from America. The only source of water in the village until the aqueduct was built was the “Great Fountain”, built in 1788 from white marble consisting of two arches corresponding to taps. The facade is decorated with reliefs depicting human figures, animals, trees and geometric patterns. Of remarkable interest are the works of the Bervenian sculptor Konstantinos Gavros, which dominate placed by him in prominent parts of the village. He was a popular, self-taught sculptor of the first twenty years of the 20th century and was influenced by the Tinian craftsmen who built the Church of the Virgin. The village is not inhabited in winter. Many inhabitants have been wintering for many years in the settlement of Kato Vervena, in Astros but also in many other places both in Arcadia and in the neighboring prefectures.

 Folk song of the Verbena

They pressed the Verbena – mother today they made them birgiani-hello leventi They got white, they got floria-mother today they got pearls-you got lads They also took a bride-good today walks-good today And it does not go back-the trees wither -Walk star, walk dawn-good today Walk the bride-baby ‘Verveniotopoula Do not be burdened by the flowers-baby today Do not be burdened by the tassel-baby’ Verveniotopoula -D floria-mother today I do not weigh the tassel-baby ‘Verveniotopoula Mon’ weighs me the child-good today that I left her in the crib-I curse the gums And I said to the cradle: rock it-baby today Let me go back-to do not forget it. (Collection: Ioannou I. Tyrovola)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Vervena (or Vervaina or Vervena, also known as the incorrect Ano Vervena) is a mountain village of Kynouria in the prefecture of Arcadia which has been characterized as a traditional settlement. They are built on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon at an altitude of 1,160 meters, being its most mountainous settlement and one of the most mountainous villages of the Peloponnese. They are 20 km from Tegea, Arcadia, 35 km from Tripoli and 45 km from Astros. The inhabitants live in the summer and during the winter months they move to Kato Vervena, Xiropigado, Astros but -to a lesser extent, to the surrounding settlements.

Ancient times

 In ancient times, the Bervenians, an Arcadian genus, may have lived here, according to the lexicographer Isichius [2], while the area of ​​the present village belonged to ancient Arcadia. The oldest relics that have been identified in the area date back to the 2nd millennium BC. and these are stone pickaxes found at Petra, where the homonymous fountain …………….

Greek revolution

 During the Revolution of 1821, Theodoros Kolokotronis founded a camp in Vervena and had set up his headquarters in the Tower of Augustus, which is still preserved. On May 18, 1821, the Turks from Tripoli, Arcadia, attacked the village camp, but were repulsed at the battle of Vervena and Doliana. On June 21, 1821, Dimitrios Ypsilantis arrived in Vervena from Odessa, Russia, where the Peloponnesian Senate had settled, where he was officially welcomed, which is mentioned on the marble slab, in the form of an open scroll, which was posted in 1920 in point of reception. In July 1825, the village was attacked by Turkish-Egyptian forces, while in 1826 it was set on fire by Ibrahim. ==================================

Verveniotes in Doliana From Astros News January 9, 2012 ~ By Panagiotis V. Faklaris

https: //astrosnewsarchives.wordpress.com /…/% ce% b2 … / …

 ==================================

 Kato Vervena, Arcadia Kato Vervena is a small settlement at the foot of Mount Za joke, 5 km from Astros Kynouria. It is the first settlement of the plain of Astros that we meet coming from Athens. It is the winter residence for most of the inhabitants of the mountainous Bervens.

 Until 1927 it was called Chereni. Then, on August 20, 1927, it was renamed Temenion [2], a name that lasted until November 13, 1984, when it received its current name. [3]

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%92%CE%AD%CF%81%CE%B2%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B1

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Βέρβενα Αρκαδίας

Σίταινα Αρκαδίας

Από το «Φορέας Διαχείρισης Όρους Πάρνωνα και Υγροτόπου Μουστού, 2015. Οδηγός για την προστατευόμενη περιοχή όρους Πάρνωνα και υγροτόπου Μουστού. Φύση, Πολιτισμός, Οικοτουρισμός. Άστρος Αρκαδίας».

Σίταινα Η ελατοσκέπαστη Σίταινα, Τσακωνοχώρι, σε απόσταση 23 χλμ. νοτιοδυτικά του Άστρους και υψόμετρο 740 μ., βρίσκεται χτισμένη αριστερά και δεξιά μιας όμορφης – καταπράσινης ρεματιάς και κάτω από τις επιβλητικές κορυφές του Πάρνωνα. Τα παραδοσιακά πετρόχτιστα σπίτια της φέρουν τα χαρακτηριστικά της Τσακώνικης αρχιτεκτονικής. Η πρώτη γραπτή αναφορά του χωριού γίνεται σε χρονικό του γνωστού ιστορικού Γεωργίου Φραντζή, το έτος 1435.

Κατά την περίοδο της Κλεφτουριάς ο Δημήτριος Καλιοτζής, ο Σιταινιώτης, συγκαταλέγεται ανάμεσα στους επτά πιο ονομαστούς Κλέφτες της Πελοποννήσου, θα αποτελέσει τον τρόμο των Τούρκων και η πλούσια δράση του θα υμνηθεί από τη λαϊκή Μούσα σε πολλά δημοτικά τραγούδια. Εντυπωσιακή είναι η συμμετοχή των Σιταινιωτών στην εθνική εξέγερση του 1821. Στη Σίταινα θα δημιουργηθούν δύο στρατιωτικά σώματα, με περισσότερους από 100 αγωνιστές και επικεφαλής τους Γεώργιο Λ. Μπουρμά και Θεόδωρο Ιωάννου ή Κρητικό. Ο Θ. Ιωάννου με την έναρξη της Επανάστασης θα εγκαταλείψει το Ναύπλιο, όπου ζούσε έχοντας δύο ιδιόκτητα πλοία και το μονοπώλιο των ανθράκων. Στη Σίταινα θα οργανώσει και θα οπλίσει με προσωπικά του έξοδα, έχοντας πουλήσει τα δύο του πλοία, περισσότερους από 80 Σιταινιώτες, υπό την αρχηγία του οποίου πολέμησαν σε όλες τις μάχες της Πελοποννήσου. Στο βυζαντινό κάστρο της Ζάγκολης, 3 χιλιόμετρα βορειοανατολικά του χωριού, τέλη Ιουλίου-αρχές Αυγούστου του 1826, οι οχυρωμένοι κάτοικοι και αγωνιστές της Σίταινας θα αποκρούσουν επιτυχώς και θα ταπεινώσουν τις ορδές του Ιμπραήμ. Το 1835 με βασιλικό διάταγμα δημιουργείται ο Δήμος Σιταίνης. Οι τρεις εντυπωσιακές και περίτεχνα διαμορφωμένες πλακόστρωτες πλατείες του χωριού, οι καμαροσκέπαστες πλούσιες βρυσάδες και τα κρυστάλλινα νερά πολλών πλούσιων πηγών, οι εκκλησίες των Ταξιαρχών και του Αγίου Ιωάννη του Θεολόγου με τα έντονα Βυζαντινά χαρακτηριστικά, ο νερόμυλος και τα διάσπαρτα και ανεξίτηλα ίχνη μιας πλούσιας παράδοσης, σε συνδυασμό με το πλούσιο και πολυποίκιλο φυσικό περιβάλλον, δημιουργούν μοναδικές εικόνες μαγευτικής ομορφιάς, που κερδίζουν τον επισκέπτη. Το ελατόδασος της Σίταιναςαποτελεί ένα μοναδικό φυσικό μνημείο. Εντυπωσιακά οροπέδια, όπως του Προφήτη Ηλία- Κάμπου, της Λούτσας και του Κάμπου, πλούσια και πολυσύνθετη χλωρίδα, ένας πολυδαίδαλος κόσμος μονοπατιών, με έντονα τα χνάρια και τα σημάδια της έντονης ανθρώπινης δραστηριότητας κατά το παρελθόν που σηματοδοτούν τα ασβεστοκάμινα, τα μαρμαράλωνα και τα χωματάλωνα, τα πηγάδια. Στην ευρύτερη περιοχή του χωριού υπάρχουν και ενδιαφέροντα σπήλαια, τα οποία αποτέλεσαν καταφύγιο των κατοίκων, τόσο κατά την περίοδο της Τουρκοκρατίας, όσο και κατά τη διάρκεια της Γερμανικής κατοχής (Καρατζά, Καλιοτζή, Καραχάλιου). Η Σίταινα χάρη στο πλούσιο της φυσικό περιβάλλον και τα πολυάριθμα μονοπάτια, πολλά από τα οποία ακολουθούν το αρχαίο οδικό δίκτυο της περιοχής, αποτελεί σήμερα πόλο έλξης για ομάδες πεζοπόρων και ορειβατικούς συλλόγους, για τις ανάγκες των οποίων έχει διαμορφωθεί χώρος ελεύθερης κατασκήνωσης πλησίον της πλατείας του Θεολόγου, από τον πολιτιστικό σύλλογο του χωριού. Ανάμεσα στις πολλές και ενδιαφέρουσες διαδρομές μονοπατιών που ανοίγονται και ξεδιπλώνονται από το χωριό, εκείνες προς το φαράγγι και τον καταρράκτη του Λούλουγκα-κάστρο Ζάγκολης και προς το οροπέδιο Προφήτη Ηλία-κορυφές Τούρλας αποτελούν διαδρομές γνωστές στο πανελλήνιο και με τη μεγαλύτερη περιπατητική κίνηση. Από τις υπόλοιπες διαδρομές ξεχωρίζουν το παλιό μονοπάτι- μουλαρόδρομος που οδηγεί στον Πλάτανο, η διαδρομή προς το δάσος της Λεκάς, το μονοπάτι προς το γεφύρι και το φαράγγι της Κουτουπούς. Η Σίταινα αποτελεί επίσης ιδανική αφετηρία για την περιήγηση στο θαυμαστό κόσμο των φαραγγιών του Βρασιάτη. Στη Σίταινα γεννήθηκε και έζησε για πολλά χρόνια ο ποιητής Θεόδωρος Παπαγιωργόπουλος (1862-1941), ο οποίος και αρθρογραφούσε σε διάφορες εφημερίδες και περιοδικά των Αθηνών με τα ψευδώνυμα «Σφουγγής» και «Πάρνης». Η Σίταινα υπήρξε επίσης η γενέτειρα του ιερομονάχου Ιωσήφ Καρατζά, κτήτορα της Ιεράς Μονής Μαλεβής (1916). Εκτός από τα θρησκευτικά πανηγύρια ο Πολιτιστικός Σύλλογος του χωριού διοργανώνει κάθε καλοκαίρι πλούσιες πολιτιστικές εκδηλώσεις και δραστηριότητες, όπως το Αντάμωμα των Σιταινιωτών, Γιορτές Νεολαίας, τη Γιορτή των Φαραγγιών, τον Κύκλο του Ψωμιού.

Από ExploringGreece

Η Σίταινα μαζύ με την Καστάνιστα και τον Πραστό αποτέλεσαν τον αρχικό πυρήνα της Τσακωνιάς. Γραφικότατο χωριό μέσα στα έλατα, προσφέρει πολλαπλές δυνατότητες για εξορμήσεις στην φύση του Πάρνωνα. Το χωριό έχει παραδοσιακά πετρόχτιστα σπίτια και πολλά νερά

Από τη Βικιπαίδεια, την ελεύθερη εγκυκλοπαίδεια

Η Σίταινα είναι ένα ορεινό χωριό του νομού Αρκαδίας, χτισμένο αμφιθεατρικά στις πλαγιές του Πάρνωνα σε υψόμετρο 700 μ., κοντά στην ψηλότερη κορυφή του, τη Μεγάλη Τούρλα (1934 μ.). Το χωριό βρίσκεται σε απόσταση 30 χλμ. από το Άστρος. Η Σίταινα υπάγεται διοικητικά στον Δήμο Βόρειας Κυνουρίας.

Η Σίταινα είναι ένα Τσακωνοχώρι στο οποίο, μαζί με τα κοντινά χωριά Πραστός και Καστάνιτσα, ομιλείται ακόμα η Τσακωνική διάλεκτος από τους γηραιότερους.

Ιστορία

Η Σίταινα, αναφέρεται για πρώτη φορά στο Χρονικό της Αλώσεως του Γεωργίου Σφραντζή, με την ονομασία Σίτανα. Η ονομασία «Σίταινα», είναι σλαβική[3] και σημαίνει τέλμα, βάλτος. Τα επόμενα χρόνια, αναφέρεται σε διάφορα έγγραφα της Τουρκοκρατίας και της Ενετοκρατίας. Κατά τα προεπαναστατικά χρόνια, στην Σίταινα γεννιέται ο γνωστός κλέφτης και πρωτοπαλίκαρο του Καπετάν Ζαχαριά, Δημήτριος Καλιοντζής. Σημαντική ήταν η προσφορά του χωριού και κατά τη διάρκεια της Επανάστασης του 1821, καθώς 150 Σιταινιώτες, εντάχθηκαν σε διάφορα σώματα, με μεγάλη επιτυχία. Το 1826 ο Ιμπραήμ Πασάς κατέστρεψε ολοσχερώς το χωριό, όπως και όλα τα άλλα χωριά της Κυνουρίας. Σύμφωνα με την παράδοση οι κάτοικοι του χωριού κατέφυγαν στο σπήλαιο της Ζαγγόλης. Τα επόμενα χρόνια η Σίταινα αποτέλεσε έδρα της Κοινότητας Σιταίνης.

Το χωριό

Το χωριό είναι γεμάτα με έλατα και διάφορα δέντρα, ενώ, όπως και τα άλλα Τσακωνοχώρια, έχει πολλά αρχοντικά – πυργόσπιτα, δείγματα της Τσακώνικης αρχιτεκτονικής. Η Σίταινα έχει δύο εκκλησίες: τους Ταξιάρχες και τον Άγιο Ιωάννη Θεολόγο. Κοντά στην κορυφή του Πάρνωνα, υπάρχει το εκκλησάκι του Προφήτη Ηλία. Κοντά στο χωριό υπάρχει η οχυρωμένη εκκλησία της Παναγίας Ζαγγόλης, την οποία αναφέρει ο περιηγητής Ουίλιαμ Μάρτιν Ληκ το 1805. Σε αυτό το σπήλαιο κατέφυγαν οι κάτοικοι της Σίταινας, μετά την καταστροφή του από τον Ιμπραήμ.

Σε κοντινή απόσταση βρίσκονται τα φαράγγια του Λούλουγγα, της Κουτουπούς, της Ζαρμπάνιτσας και της Μαζιάς, στα οποία πραγματοποιείται πεζοπορία και ορειβασίας. Κοντά στην Σίταινα βρίσκονται τα χωριά ΠραστόςΚαστάνιτσα ΑρκαδίαςΠλάτανος Αρκαδίας κ.ά.

Από το «Φορέας Διαχείρισης Όρους Πάρνωνα και Υγροτόπου Μουστού, 2015. Οδηγός για την προστατευόμενη περιοχή όρους Πάρνωνα και υγροτόπου Μουστού. Φύση, Πολιτισμός, Οικοτουρισμός. Άστρος Αρκαδίας».

Που ομιλείται η τσακώνικη διάλεκτος Λεωνίδιο, Πραγματευτή, Μέλανα, Τυρό, Σαπουνακέικα, Άγιο Ανδρέα, Πραστό, Σίταινα, Καστάνιτσα. Συνοικισμούς: Σαμπατική, Λιβάδι, Βασκίνα, Παλιόχωρα, Άγιος Παντελεήμονας (Φούσκα), Δερνικέικα

Η τσακώνικη διάλεκτος

Η τσακώνικη διάλεκτος, ο τσακώνικος χορός, η ενδυμασία, τα ήθη και έθιμα των Τσακώνων, αποτελούν άλλη μια δυναμική της περιοχής του Πάρνωνα. Σύμφωνα με το «Χρονικόν της Μονεμβασιάς»: «Οι δε των θρεμμάτων νομείς και αγροικικοί κατωκίσθησαν εν τοις παρακειμένοις εκείσε τραχανοίς τόποις, οι και επ’ εσχάτων τζακονίαι επωνομάσθησαν». Οι Τσάκωνες, ως γνήσιοι απόγονοι των Δωριέων, διατήρησαν ανόθευτη τη ρίζα τους και η τσακώνικη γλώσσα αποτελεί και σήμερα τη ζωντανή έκφραση της Δωρικής διαλέκτου. Στην κοιτίδα της Τσακωνιάς, το σήμερα επιμένει να βαδίζει και να δημιουργεί στα χνάρια του χθες σε μια αέναη κι αδιάλειπτη πνοή της Ελλάδας.

O ιδιαίτερος γλωσσικός θησαυρός του τόπου μας Η τσακώνικη διάλεκτος έχει συμπεριληφθεί στον κατάλογο των υπό εξαφάνιση γλωσσών της UNESCO και αναγνωρίζεται ως πολιτισμικό κατόρθωμα και ανεπανάληπτος θησαυρός πολιτισμού. Η γλώσσα διατηρήθηκε γνήσια και ανόθευτη στα στόματα των απλών ανθρώπων, των ξωμάχων, των ποιμένων και των γεωργών. Στις ευχές, στους χαιρετισμούς, στις κατάρες, στις καθημερινές εκφράσεις, στα πειράγματα και τα αστεία, εκεί βρίσκεται αιώνες τώρα ο γλωσσικός θησαυρός των Τσακώνων. Σε αυτό το ξεχωριστό κομμάτι της Ελληνικής γης που λέγεται Τσακωνιά (κοιτίδα της Τσακωνιάς υπήρξε ο Πραστός, η Καστάνιτσα και η Σίταινα), σε αυτούς τους τραχινούς τόπους, οι κάτοικοι της περιοχής, διαθέτοντας ελάχιστα μέσα, όχι μόνο επιβίωσαν, αλλά άφησαν πίσω τους μια πολύτιμη κληρονομιά, την τσακώνικη παράδοση, την πανέμορφη γλώσσα, τον μοναδικό υποβλητικό τσακώνικο χορό, τα τσακώνικα τραγούδια, την υφαντική τέχνη, τις συνήθειες τους, ό,τι ονομάζουμε σήμερα ήθη και έθιμα. Όλα αυτά συνθέτουν την ταυτότητα του τόπου με μια ζωντανή γλώσσα που είναι στο χέρι των Tσακώνων, αλλά και όλου του ελληνισμού, να την αγκαλιάσει και να την προστατέψει από τη λησμονιά

Δειτε το συνδεσμο

«Το οφείλουμε στη Τσακωνιά».

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Ο ιστορικός Άγιος Ιωάννης ( Αγιάννης) Κυνουρίας.

Καλώς ήλθατε στο ιστορικό Αγιάννη  που το 1822  ήταν πρωτεύουσα του Ελληνικού κράτους .

Ο Αγιάννης  Αρκαδίας  είναι ένα όμορφο ορεινό χωριό  χτισμένος σε υψόμετρο 750 μ στις πρόποδες του Σαραντάψυχου βουνού του Πάρνωνα η Μαλεβού. Απέχει περίπου  μισή ώρα από το Άστρος (17 χλμ ) και   τις υπέροχες παραλίες του Αργολικού , είναι ιδιαίτερα προσφιλές μέρος για ημερήσιες εκδρομές χειμώνα, καλοκαίρι και για το πολύ ωραίο και υγιεινό ορεινό κλίμα του.

Το Άστρος και ο Αγγιάννης είναι μια κοινότητα και το σπουδαιότερο οι κάτοικοι είναι οι ίδιοι, είχαν και έχουν σήμερα σπίτια στον Άγιάννη και στο Άστρος. .Οι περισσότεροι κάτοικοι είναι διπλοκάτοικοι με το Άστρος, τους χειμερινούς μήνες διαμένουν αρκετοί τα Σαββατοκύριακα ,και τους καλοκαιρινούς μήνες το χωριό γεμίζει ζωή.

Μπορείτε να επισκεφτείτε την ” κτητορική πλάκα” της  Σχολής  Καρυτσιώτη  στο “Κουτρί”,  « το Κυβερνείο” του Αγιάννη  στην πλατεία του Αι-Γιώργη , το λαογραφικό μουσείο στο  «Κουτρί». Κοντά στο χωριό στη θέση «Ξηροκάμπι», σώζονται ερείπια του Κάστρου Εστέλλα η της Ωριάς(2χλμ), από την περίοδο της Φραγκοκρατίας, για το οποίο έχουν ειπωθεί πολλοί θρύλοι, παραδόσεις και τραγούδια. Επίσης  πολύ κοντά στο χωριό, υπάρχουν και οι περίφημοι καταρράκτες της Λεπίδας(4χλμ). Το χωριό διαθέτει πολλές φυσικές ομορφιές: Πολλές παραδοσιακά πηγές , όπως το Σουληνάρι, Περδικονέρι, Πηγαδάκι, Μούσγα, Πρόδρομο ,νερόμυλους στο πρόδρομο,έχει τοπικό δίκτυο μονοπατιών, που συνδέονται και με τα πιστοποιημένα μονοπάτια  του Πάρνωνα (Parnon Trail)  , καθώς υπάρχουν ακόμα πολλά παραδοσιακά «αρχοντικά»  κτίρια και γραφικές ιστορικές εκκλησίες. του Αγίου Ιωάννη του Προδρόμου, του Αγιώργη ,την Παναγία κ.α. Η ιερά μονή της Μαλεβής απέχει μόνο 8 χλμ .

 

Ο Αγιάννης διαφημίζεται για το ωραίο ορεινό και υγιεινό κλίμα του που ανανεώνει και αναζωογονεί τους κατοίκους και τους επισκέπτες του, διαθέτει πολλές φυσικές ομορφιές και απέχει μόνο μισή ώρα από  το Άστρος . Το ορεινό κλίμα, όπως έλεγαν χαρακτηριστικά για “να μη τους φάει ο κάμπος»,  ήταν και ένας από τους λόγους που οι κάτοικοι αναγκάστηκαν παρά όλες τις δυσκολίες να έχουν το επάνω και κάτω χωριό , τα χρειαζόντουσαν και τα δύο .

Η πρώτη μνεία του χωριού  γίνεται στο Χρονικό της Άλωσης της Κωνσταντινούπολης του Γεωργίου Σφρατζή, το 1453. Ο Άγιος Ιωάννης ( Αγιάννης) Κυνουρίας , ήταν η πρωτεύουσα του Ελληνικού κράτους το 1822 και προσέφερε πολλά και σημαντικά στην επανάσταση του 1821. Με την πρώτη διοικητική διαίρεση του ελληνικού κράτους το 1835  έως το 1841 ο  Άγιος Ιωάννης εντάχθηκε και αποτέλεσε εδρα του  Δήμου Θυρέας .(ΦΕΚ 16Α – 24/05/1835). Από το 1841 έως το 1912 , αποτέλεσε θερινή  έδρα του Δήμου Θυρέας, χειμερινή έδρα ήταν το ΄Αστρος ΦΕΚ 5Α – 08/03/1841)Το 1845 αποτέλεσε έδρα της Επαρχίας Κυνουρίας. Από  τον Αγιάννη  προήλθε το Άστρος, το Παράλιο Άστρος  και άλλοι μικροί οικισμοί.Είναι διοικητικά υπαγόμενος στη κοινότητα Άστρους , στο  Δήμο Βόρειας Κυνουρίας και ανήκει στο νομό Αρκαδίας

Πώς θα πάτε: Από το αεροδρόμιο Αθηνών ακολουθείτε τη διαδρομή για Αθήνα, Κόρινθο, Τρίπολη, έξοδο προς Άργος (Στη έξοδο Στέρνα μετά την Νέμεα), Άργος, Τρίπολη (από το παλιό δρόμο), έξοδο προς Άστρος (Αριστερά μετά τους Μύλους), Άστρος και από εκεί την Ορεινή Μελιγού μετά φτάνετε στον Άγιάννη (217 χλμ).

Ο Άγιάννης απέχει περίπου από το Άστρος 17 χλμ , από το Άγιο Πέτρο 15 χλμ, από την Τρίπολη 52 χλμ, από το Αθήνα 187  χλμ και από το αεροδρόμιο Αθηνών 217 χλμ.

Οι γείτονες μας: Σε κοντινές αποστάσεις υπάρχουν αρκετοί γραφικοί παραδοσιακοί οικισμοί υου Πάρνωνα .(Πραστός (49 χλμ ), Καστάνιτσα (35 χλμ ),Σίταινα (29χλμ), Πλάτανος (15χλμ) ,Χάραδρος (12χλμ ) ,Ορεινή Μελιγού (4 χλμ ),Αγ. Πέτρος (15 χλμ), Καστρί (24 χλμ), Δολιανά (33 χλμ), Βέρβενα ( 53χλμ ) Στόλος 10χλμ).

Από τον Άγιο Ιωάννη ( Αγιάννη) Κυνουρίας :Σε κοντινές αποστάσεις βρίσκονται (μονή Μαλεβής 8 χλμ, Λουκούς (21χλμ), Τιμίου Προδρόμου (32 χλμ)και Παλαιοπαναγιάς (15 χλμ), και σε μακρυνές αποστάσεις η Μονή της Ορθοκωστάς (38χλμ), στο Πραστό,της Έλωνας (83 χλμ) στο Λεωνίδιο και η εκκλησία της Άγιας Θεοδώρας(110χλμ) στη Βάστα κοντά στή Μεγαλόπολη,

Από τα τέλη της δεκαετίας του ’80 άρχισε στον Αγιάννη έντονη οικοδομική δραστηριότητα, που συνεχίζεται ώς τις μέρες μας, και αφορά κυρίως την αναπαλαίωση των παλιών παραδοσιακών οικιών. Ταυτόχρονα κτίστηκαν πολλά καινούργια σπίτια. Πολλοί επισκέπτες από όλη την Ελλάδα και την Γερμανία αγοράζουν σπίτια στο Αγιάννη. Έχει εξελιχθεί ως το παραθεριστικό χωριό του Άστρους και ιδίως το καλοκαίρι είναι τόπος συγκέντρωσης των απανταχού Αγιαννιτών, αλλά και παραθεριστών από όλη την Ελλάδα, την δεκαετία του εξήντα οι φίλοι του χωριού αποκαλούσαν το Αγιάννη “το μικρό Παρίσι”.

Η περίφημη Σχολή Καρυτσιώτη

Ο Δημήτρης Καρυτσιώτης  έκτισε την περίφημη σχολή Καρυτσιώτη η “πανεπιστήμιο” στη προεπαναστατική Ελλάδα το 1798 στον Αγιάννη και το παράρτημα της σχολής το 1805 στο Άστρος . Η προσφορά του στη Θυρεάτιδα Γη και την πατρίδα είναι ανυπολόγηστη. Η προεπαναστατιμένη Ελλάδα είχε πολλά μικρά “κρυφά” και λίγα φανερά σχολεία. Ένα από τα ελάχιστα φανερά σχολεία ήταν και η περίφημη Σχολή Καρυτσιώτη που είχε κτιστεί το 1798 , 23 χρόνια πριν την Ελληνική επανάσταση και αυτό έχει μεγάλη σημασία. Είχε κτιστεί στο λόφο Κουτρί του Αγιάννη Κυνουρίας και ήταν ένα από τα λίγα “πανεπιστήμια” της προεπαναστατικής πατρίδας μας και οι μαθητές της ήταν απο ολόκληρη την ηπειρωτική Ελλάδα και τα νησιά μας. Ο μεγαλος ευεργέτης μας Δημήτριος Καρυτσιώτης, πανίσχυρος Αγιαννίτης πατριώτης της διασποράς, βρήκε τον τρόπο να επιτρέψουν οι 400 χρόνια κατακτητές Τούρκοι το κτήσιμο και την λειτουργία της σχολής στον Αγιάννη και στο παράρτημα της σχολής Καρυτσιώτη στο Άστρος Κυνουρίας ,που άνοιξε το 1805.

Το παράρτημα της σχολής Καρυτσιώτη στο Άστρος , στεγάζεται  από το 1985 το Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Άστρους.

Η σχολή Καρυτσιώτη έπαιξε καταλυτικό ρόλο για την τοπική κοινωνία για πολλά χρόνια και ακόμα μέχρι σήμερα, αφού όλοι οι Αγιαννίτες με πολύ μόχθο και με κάθε θυσία επιθυμούσαν τα παιδιά τους να μάθουν γράμματα και σαν απόφοιτοι “καλαμαράδες ” να αλλάξουν την ζωή τους ,σύμφωνα με τις “έξυπνες ” προσδοκίες του μεγάλου ευεργέτη τους Δημητρίου Καρυτσιώτη.

Η σχολή ήταν ένα είδος πανεπιστημίου για εκείνη την εποχή, αφού οι μαθητές διδάσκονταν αρχαίους Έλληνες συγγραφείς, μαθηματικά, φυσική – χημεία, γαλλικά και ιταλικά κ.α. Έχτισε, ακόμη, οικήματα για τους μαθητές που φοιτούσαν στη Σχολή και για τους διδασκάλους. Επιπλέον, εφοδίασε τη Σχολή με όργανα φυσικής, αστρονομίας, χημείας, χάρτες και άλλα εποπτικά μέσα διδασκαλίας.Έστελνε μάλιστα και χρηματικά ποσά για την πληρωμή των διδασκάλων και των ιατρών που εργάζονταν εκεί. Ο Καρυτσιώτης πλούτισε τη Σχολή με βιβλία και δημιούργησε μία μεγάλη βιβλιοθήκη. Ήθελε να ιδρύσει στην πατρίδα του μια σχολή, εφάμιλλη των Ευρωπαϊκών, που θα παρείχε τη γνώση στους μαθητές, δίνοντας τους την ευκαιρία να διαλέξουν δύο κατευθύνσεις: την εμπορική και την επαγγελματική.

Από την πυρπόληση της Σχολής διασώθηκαν 1500 βιβλία, τα οποία φυλάσσονταν το 1827 στην οικία των Ζαφειροπουλαίων (Κάστρο Παραλίου Άστρους). Τα βιβλία αυτά ήταν, κατά την παράδοση, τοποθετημένα σε μια παλαιά ξύλινη βιβλιοθήκη που βρισκόταν στα γραφεία της Σχολής. Μεγάλο μέρος των βιβλίων αυτών έχει διασωθεί και καταγραφεί στις μέρες μας. Τα βιβλία αυτά ήταν ως επί το πλείστον κείμενα αρχαίων φιλοσόφων και συγγραφέων, εκκλησιαστικά κείμενα, εγχειρίδια φυσικής, μαθηματικών κ.α. 

Ο στρατηγός Πάνος Ζαφειρόπουλος (Άκουρος).

Οι Αγιαννίτες προσέφεραν πολλά και σημαντικά στην Ελληνική επανάσταση του 1821 και ο σημαντικότερος από όλους του Αγιαννίτες ήταν ο στρατηγός Παναγιώτης Ζαφειρόπουλος (Άκουρος) υπεύθυνου για την στρατιωτική ασφάλεια σε καιρό πολέμου τηs εθνοσυνέλευσης στο Άστρος. Κατά την έναρξη της επανάστασης, υπό την ηγεσία του Πάνου Ζαφειρόπουλου, πάνω από 100 κάτοικοι του Αγιάννη, συμμετείχαν σε μάχες  των Δολιανών και των Βερβένων,  στην Τριπολιτσά και σε ολόκληρη την Πελοπόννησο. Ο Αγιάννης  ανέδειξε και άλλες  σημαντικές προσωπικότητες  που έπαιξαν καθοριστικό ρόλο στην προετοιμασία και κατά τη διάρκεια της επανάστασης και βοήθησαν έμπρακτα  στον απελευθερωτικό  αγώνα,  όπως ο Πάνος Σαρηγιάννης  ,  Ιωάννης Ζαφειρόπουλος , Κωνσταντίνος Ζαφειρόπουλος  και  Γεωργάκης Διγενής  πεσόντα μαχόμενος   ηρωϊκά στο Δραγούνι το 1821.

Ο οικιστής του Παραλίου Άστρους Αγιαννίτης στρατηγός Πάνος Ζαφειρόπουλος η Άκουρος  με τα αδέλφια του ,Κωνσταντίνο και Ιωάννη , έχτισε τις οικίες τους  στο Κάστρο Παραλίου Άστρους  το 1824 ,προνοητικά ανακαίνησε το εγκαταλελειμμένο κάστρο και  το 1826 νικηφόρα αντιστάθηκε στον Ιμπραήμ.  Ο Παναγιώτης Ζαφειρόπουλος (Άκουρος)   προνοητικά και έξυπνα , έσωσε και διαφύλλαξε τα  περίπου 1,500 βιβλία της περίφημης Σχολής Καρυτσιώτη  του Αγιάννη   αναγνωρίζοντας την μεγάλη σημασία τους , από τις ορδές του Ιμπραήμ  αρχικά στο «αρχοντικό«  του στον Αγιάννη και αργότερα  τα μετέφερε  για καλύτερη προστασία στην οικία του στο Κάστρο του Παραλίου Άστρους. Τα βιβλία βρίσκονται  σήμερα στο Ίδρυμα Μνήμης Αγελικής και Λεωνίδα Ζαφείρη στο Άστρος.   

Το «κυβερνείο» του Αγιάννη

Aπό τις αρχές το 1821  άρχισαν  συζητήσεις μεταξύ των επαναστατημένων  για να γίνει ο Αγιάννης η πρωτεύουσα του ελεύθερου Ελληνικού κράτους.  Η σχολή Καρυτσιώτη έπαιξε πρωτεύοντα και καθοριστικό ρόλο για να γίνει ο Αγιάννης πρωτεύουσα της επαναστατημένης Ελλάδας από τις 22 Αυγούστου έως την 1 Οκτωβρίου 1822 .Το «κυβερνείο» που βρίσκεται πολύ κοντά στη σχολή Καρυτσιώτη του Αγιάννη ήταν η έδρα της κυβέρνησης. . Το χρονικό αυτό διάστημα βεβαιώνεται και από τα Αρχεία των Λαζάρου και Γεωργίου Κουντουριώτη (τ. Α΄, σ. 92 κ.εξ.).

Το 1826 το χωριό καταστράφηκε ολοσχερώς από τις ορδές του Ιμπραήμ με την ίδια τύχη να έχουν και άλλα χωριά στην περιοχή,όπως Άγιος Πέτρος .Βέρβενα , Πραστός, Σίταινα και άλλα .Ο Ιμπραήμ κατέστρεψε ολοσχερώς τη φημισμένη Σχολή του Καρυτσιώτη και επίσης πολλές εκκλησίες, όπως ο Άγιος Βασίλειος, ο Άγιος Ευστράτιος, ο Άγιος Πέτρος.

Η κτητορική επιγραφή της περίφημης Σχολής Καρυτσιώτη

Από το Αρκάδες Εσμέν, Σμαράγδη Αρβανίτη

«Στην είσοδο του χωριού υπάρχει η σύγχρονη εκκλησία της Αγίας Παρασκευής. Συνεχίζοντας συναντάς ένα αλσύλλιο, το «Κουτρί». Εκεί ο επισκέπτης διακρίνει εντοιχισμένη μια μαρμάρινη πλάκα. Πρόκειται για την κτητορική επιγραφή της περίφημης Σχολής Καρυτσιώτη που μόνη αυτή σώθηκε μετά την πυρπόληση της Σχολής από τις ορδές του Ιμπραήμ στις 30 Ιουλίου του 1826.

Μετά το «Κουτρί», περί τα 250 μ., απαντά κανείς την κεντρική πλατεία του χωριού, με την μεγάλη πλατάνα. Εκεί βρίσκεται και ο ναός του Άι-Γιώργη, μεταβυζαντινός, με ολόγραφο το εσωτερικό του. Οι τοιχογραφίες είναι πιθανόν έργα του Αγιαννίτη ιερέα και ζωγράφου Γεωργίου Κουλιδά. Σε πολλές από αυτές διακρίνονται τα ίχνη από το πέρασμα του Ιμπραήμ: ξιφισμοί στα πρόσωπα των Αγίων και το βγάλσιμο των ματιών τους.

Κατηφορίζοντας από την πλατεία του Άι-Γιώργη προς το κάτω μέρος του χωριού φτάνουμε στην καμαρόσκεπη πηγή Πηγαδάκι,με την ανάγλυφη, αραβογράμματη τουρκική επιγραφή σε εντοιχισμένη πλάκα και χρονολογία 1100 (1742 μ.Χ.): «Ο ρεϊζης (αξιωματικός) Χατζη-Ισμαήλ, φιλάνθρωπος και ειρηνοποιός, αφήνει πηγή νερού καθαρού και γλυκού χάρη του κόσμου. Για το ζωγόνο έργο του να λέτε τη Φετιχά (προσευχή)».

Λίγο πιο κάτω βρίσκεται η εκκλησία του Αγίου Ιωάννη του Προδρόμου, επίσης μεταβυζαντινή. Ο επισκέπτης θαυμάζει την υπεραιωνόβια πλατάνα και το άφθονο παγωμένο νερό που πηγάζει ακριβώς κάτω από την εκκλησία και ρέει από τέσσερις κανάλους. Μέχρι το 1960 περίπου το νερό κινούσε τέσσερις νερόμυλους και ποτίζονταν τα προσοδοφόρα περιβόλια. Δυστυχώς τώρα ο τόπος έχει σχεδόν εγκαταλειφθεί και τα βάτα πήραν τη θέση των μποστανιών.

Συνεχίζουμε ανατολικά, στο κάτω χωριό, προσπερνάμε το παλιό σχολείο, το προσκυνητάρι στη θέση της εκκλησίας του Αγίου Βασιλείου, που και αυτή πυρπόλησε ο Ιμπραήμ, και φτάνουμε στην πολυτραγουδισμένη πηγή, το Σουληνάρι, με την επιβλητική πλατάνα, στόλισμα για την περιοχή.

Από την πλατεία του Άι-Γιώργη, δρόμος οδηγεί στο άνω μέρος του χωριού, και στη Λάκκα, τη δεύτερη πλατεία, όπου βρίσκεται και ο ναός της Παναγίας, χτισμένος από τους αδελφούς Μ. Παπούλια (ή Τουρή) πάνω στα θεμέλια παλαιότερου που κατέστρεψε ο Ιμπραήμ. Από το σημείο αυτό μπορεί κανείς να θαυμάσει σχεδόν ολόκληρο το χωριό, την άγρια ομορφιά των γύρω βουνών και το ζωογόνο πράσινο. Ο δρόμος συνεχίζει και οδηγεί στην έξοδο από το χωριό προς το Μοναστήρι της Μαλεβής και τον Άγιο Πέτρο.

Βγαίνοντας από τον Αγιάννη επιβάλλεται μια στάση στο Περδικονέρι, πηγή με εξαίρετο και χωνευτικό νερό. Ο εξωραϊστικός Σύλλογος του χωριού διαμόρφωσε το χώρο με καθίσματα και στέγαστρο, δημιουργώντας έτσι ένα ιδανικό μέρος για ξεκούραση και για βόλτα ιδίως τα ζεστά καλοκαιρινά βράδια. Σε 2 χιλιόμετρα περίπου, στη θέση «Ξηροκάμπι», σώζονται ερείπια του Κάστρου Εστέλλα η της Ωριάς, από την περίοδο της Φραγκοκρατίας, για το οποίο έχουν ειπωθεί πολλοί θρύλοι, παραδόσεις και τραγούδια.

Πολύ κοντά στο χωριό, υπάρχουν και οι περίφημοι καταρράκτες της Λεπίδας.(4χλμ)

Το χωριό διαθέτει εξαιρετικές ταβέρνες, όπου σερβίρονται κρέατα και τυριά παραγωγής των κτηνοτρόφων της περιοχής, αλλά και το περίφημο Αγιαννίτικο κρασί, το κοκκινέλι. Λειτουργεί επίσης παραδοσιακός ξενώνας με όλες τις σύγχρονες ανέσεις. Στιγμές χαλάρωσης απολαμβάνεις συντροφιά με ένα καφέ και γλυκό του κουταλιού στα καφενεία στην πλατεία του Άι-Γιώργη, κάτω από την πλατάνα, αγναντεύοντας τα βουνά. Κατά τη διάρκεια του καλοκαιριού και κυρίως στα πλαίσια των θρησκευτικών εορτών του Αγίου Γεωργίου,  Αγίου Παντελεήμονα, της Αγίας Παρασκευής ,του Προφήτη Ηλία , της Παναγίας , του Προδρόμου , του Αγίου Δημητρίου οργανώνονται παραδοσικά πανηγύρια – γλέντια, αλλά και πλήθος πολιτιστικών εκδηλώσεων.»

Το χωριό διαθέτει πολλές παραδοσιακά πηγές , όπως το Σουληνάρι, το Περδικονέρι, το Πηγαδάκι, τη  Μούσγα, το Πρόδρομο και πολλά παραδοσιακά κτίρια.

Το χειμώνα οι κάτοικοι κατεβαίνουν στο Άστρος.

Πηγές

Από το Αρκάδες Εσμέν, Σμαράγδη Αρβανίτη

Από το  astros–kynouria News ,Γιάννη Δ.Κουρμπέλη

Συνεργάτες Astros Kynouria News 

Το άρθρο είχε δημοσιευτεί στο  astroskynouria –News

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Το ιστορικό Άστρος Κυνουρίας

Καλώς  ήλθατε στο ιστορικό Άστρος  που το 1823  έγινε η  Β’ Εθνοσυνέλευση των  Ελλήνων.

«Με κύριο χαρακτηριστικό της περιοχής το «αντάμωμα» του όμορφου βουνού με τη στραφταλίζουσα θάλασσα, ο Δήμος Βόρειας Κυνουρίας προσκαλεί τους επισκέπτες του σε ένα μαγευτικό ταξίδι

Ο Δήμος Βόρειας Κυνουρίας, με έδρα το ιστορικό Άστρος, αποτελείται από 26 Τοπικά Διαμερίσματα και 40 οικισμούς, βρίσκεται στο βόρειο ανατολικό τμήμα του Νομού Αρκαδίας και ανατολικά βρέχεται από τα νερά του Αργολικού Κόλπου. Το Άστρος και ο Αγγιάννης είναι μια κοινότητα  και το σπουδαιότερο οι κάτοικοι είναι οι ίδιοι, είχαν και έχουν σήμερα σπίτια στον Άγιάννη και στο Άστρος.Ο Αγιάννης απέχει από το Άστρος 17 χλμ.

Το Άστρος είναι  χτισμένο σε υψόμετρο 75 μ. στο κέντρο του  κάμπου της Θυρέας, νοτιοανατολικά  της Τρίπολης 40 χλμ.  και νοτιοδυτικά του Ναυπλίου 33 χλμ. και ανήκει στο νομό  Αρκαδίας.

Με την πρώτη διοικητική διαίρεση του ελληνικού κράτους το 1835, το  Άστρος εντάχθηκε στον Δήμο Θυρέας, που είχε αρχική έδρα τον Άγιο Ιωάννη από το 1834. Από το 1841 έως το 1912, το Άστρος ήταν η χειμερινή  έδρα του Δήμου Θυρέας, ο  Αγιάννης ήταν η θερινή  έδρα. Από το 1912  ο οικισμός αποτέλεσε έδρα κοινότητας Άστρους η οποία εξελίχθηκε στο Δήμο Άστρους το 1985. Από το 1998 το Άστρος αποτελεί έδρα του Δήμου Βόρειας Κυνουρίας .Η πρώτη επίσημη αναφορά της πόλης με το όνομα «Άστρος » συναντάται σε χρυσόβουλο του έτους 1293.Η πρώτη όμως αναφορά   με το όνομα «Άστρον» απαντά στο Γεωγράφο Κλαύδιο Πτολεμαίο (2ος αι. μ.Χ.).

«Το ιστορικό Άστρος Κυνουρίας βρίσκεται στη δυτική παραλία του Αργολικού ,εκεί που στο παραπάνω χάρτη διακρίνεται η αρχαία πόλη της Θυρέας, νότια από την πρώτη πόλη της Ευρώπης το ιστορικό Άργος και την έδρα του Μυκηναϊκού πολιτισμού Μυκήνες» 

Στο  Άστρος  τα έχουμε όλα και είμαστε κοντά σε όλα..

Το αεροδρόμιο απέχει από το Άστρος  200 χλμ, οι σπουδαιότεροι αρχαιολογικόι χώροι της πατρίδας μας είναι κοντά μας .  Το «νησί» μας Παράλιο Άστρος  δεν έχει να ζηλέψει τίποτα από του «Αιγαίου τα νησιά »  και οι παραλιες μας είναι καθαρές και γοητευτικές  . Στο ιστορικό Άστρος  Κυνουρίας έγινε το 1823  η Β Έθνοσυνέλευση των ελλήνων ,  ο Αγιαννης ήταν η πρωτεύουσα των επαναστατημένων Ελλήνων το 1822.  Οι  φημισμένοι καταρράκτες της Λεπίδας είναι 4 χλ από το Αγιάννη , κοντά στο παραδοσιακό χωριό  Πλάτανος  και κοντά  στην λαμπερή κορυφή του Πάρνωνα  που  περπατούσαν οι θεοί . Ο Ιμπραήμ έκαψε όλη την Πελοπόννησο  και σχεδόν έπνιξε την επανάσταση στο αίμα αλλά το 1826   στο κάστρο του Παραλίου ‘Αστρους ο Άγιαννίτης στρατηγός Πάνος Ζαφειρόπουλος η   Άκουρος αντιστάθηκε νικηφόρα.  

Έχουμε πολλά ιστορικά μοναστήρια και εκκλησίες, ο Πάρνωνας ονομάστηκε «το Άγιον Όρος της Νότιας Ελλάδος».  Από το Άστρος σε κοντινές αποστάσεις βρίσκονται οι μονές  Λουκούς (4 χλμ)  Παλαιοπαναγιάς (6χλμ), Αγίας Τριάδας (15 χλμ), Μαλεβής (26 χλμ), Τιμίου Προδρόμου (36 χλμ), Ορθοκωστάς (19χλμ),και ο Άγιος Νικόλαος-Παντελεήμων Κοντολινάς Καστάνιτσας (περίπου 42 χλμ?? ). Ο μεγαλοπρεπής ναός του Προδρόμου στον Αγιάννη (17χλμ)  ανακαινίστηκε και έγινε πατριαρχική εξαρχία το 1638. Πολύ σημαντικό έγγραφο της εποχής εκείνης είναι ένα σιγίλλιο του 1638. Σύμφωνα με αυτό το έγγραφο <<ανακηρύσσεται η χώρα του Αγίου Ιωάννου μετά του ομωνύμου ναού σταυροπήγιον> και το άφθονο παγωμένο νερό του Προδρόμου στον Αγιάννη «έρχεται μέσα από την εκκλησία».

Έχουμε τους γείτονες μας και τις κατάλληλες υποδομές για διακοπές για όλους και για οικογένειες.

Tο Άστρος είναι είναι πολύ  κοντά στους σημαντικότερους  Αρχαιολογικούς Χώρους και Μουσεία της πατρίδας μας  που  με  ημερήσιες εκδρομές  από το Άστρος εύκολα επισκέπτονται πολλοί φίλοι μας όταν διαλέγουν το Άστρος για τη βάση των ετήσιων διακοπών τους. Το Παλαμήδι  στο Ναύπλιο (33 χλμ,), οι Μυκήνες( 43 χλμ),  το Θέατρο Επιδαύρου( 70 χλμ), Η Ολυμπία(170 χλμ),  Ο Παρθενώνας,η Ακρόποληκαι το Μουσείο της Ακρόποληςστην Αθήνα (170 χλμ), οι Δελφοί (288 χλμ) και ο Μυστράς (88 χλμ)

Έχουμε μεγάλη ιστορία και σημαντικότατα αρχαιολογικά μνημεία.

ΘΟΥΚΥΔΙΔΗΣ Ἱστορίαι (2.27.1-2)
[2.27.1] “Ἀνέστησαν δὲ καὶ Αἰγινήτας τῷ αὐτῷ θέρει τούτῳ ἐξ Αἰγίνης Ἀθηναῖοι, αὐτούς τε καὶ παῖδας καὶ γυναῖκας,…..2.27.2] ἐκπεσοῦσι δὲ τοῖς Αἰγινήταις οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι ἔδοσαν Θυρέαν οἰκεῖν καὶ τὴν γῆν νέμεσθαι, ….ἡ δὲ Θυρεᾶτις γῆ μεθορία τῆς Ἀργείας καὶ Λακωνικῆς ἐστίν, ἐπὶ θάλασσαν καθήκουσα. καὶ οἱ μὲν αὐτῶν ἐνταῦθα ᾤκησαν, οἱ δ᾽ ἐσπάρησαν κατὰ τὴν ἄλλην Ἑλλάδα”.

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Σε ολόκληρη τη Θυρεάτιδα Γη (Θυρέα) δεν είναι υπερβολή να πούμε ότι λιθαράκι και να σηκώσεις θα βρεις ένα ιστορικό μνημείο ,έναν αρχαιολογικό θησαυρό και ένα όμορφο ιστορικό παραδοσιακό χωριό.  Στο ιστορικό Άστρος Κυνουρίας στη περίφημη Σχολή Καρυτσιώτη και στο προαύλειο χώρο της   την 30 Μαρτίου – 18 Απριλίου 1823  συνήλθε η Β’ Εθνική Συνέλευση των Ελλήνων, με κύριο σκοπό την αναθεώρηση και τον εκσυγχρονισμό  του Συντάγματος το οποίο είχε ψηφιστεί το 1822 μ.Χ., κατά την Α΄ Εθνοσυνέλευση στην Επίδαυρο, για αυτό και ονομάστηκε «Νόμος της Επιδαύρου». Η σχολή Καρυτσιώτη έπαιξε πρωτεύοντα και καθοριστικό ρόλο για να γίνει  η Εθνοσυνέλευση στο Άστρος και για να γίνει ο Αγιάννης  η πρωτεύουσα της επαναστατημένης Ελλάδας,από τις 15 Αυγούστου έως την 1 Οκτωβρίου 1822 .

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Ο «Ιερός Χώρος» της Β’ Εθνοσυνέλευσης των Ελλήνων είναι αναμφισβήτητα ένα από το σημαντικότερα ιστορικά μνημεία  της Κυνουρίας  αλλά και της πατρίδας μας.

Το Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Άστρους,( κτήριο της σχολής Καρυτσιώτη), ο προαύλειος χώρος της σχολής  και  ο γειτονικός   «Ιερός Χώρος» της Β’ Εθνοσυνέλευσης των Ελλήνων εíναι φυσικά και λειτουργικά τρεις  χωριστοί χώροι με την δική τους ιδιαίτερη ιστορική σημασία,  αλλά δεμένοι  μεταξύ τους αρμονικά, σεμνά  και επιβλητικά,  είναι ένας μαγευτικός χώρος, από μόνος του ένα  υπέροχο και μοναδικό «μουσείο» που θαυμάζουν οι επισκέπτες μας.

Έχουμε τις κατάλληλες υποδομές για διακοπές για όλους και για οικογένειες

Σήμερα το Άστρος και γενικότερα η Θυρέα  είναι μια όμορφη  μικρή πόλη που τα έχει όλα που χρειάζονται για να ευχαριστήσει και το ποιο απαιτητικό επισκέπτη. Η Αθήνα απέχει 170 χλμ, περίπου δύο ώρες και το ‘Άστρος έχει το καλύτερο και «φημισμένο Αττικό κλίμα», χωρίς τα καυσαέρια της Αθήνας( η πραγματική απόσταση ευθεία από την Αθήνα είναι περίπου 100 χλμ απέναντι από τον Πειραιά..)

Διαμονή/Φαγητό, Χρήσιμα τηλέφωνα και υπηρεσίες

Το Άστρος   έχει κέντρο υγείας, τράπεζες, εστιατόρια, ξενοδοχεία, γήπεδα , εμπορικά καταστήματα ,πολλά βενζινάδικα, πολλά αυτοκίνητα και ότι άλλο έχουν οι μικρές πόλεις ,  η Τρίπολη και το Ναύπλιο είναι κοντά σε  μισή ώρα. Στο  γειτονικό Παράλιο Άστρος 4 χλμ,  οι ιδιοκτήτες διαμερισμάτων από την Αθήνα και την διασπορά,  και πολλοί επισκέπτες έρχονται συχνά για να απολαύσουν τις  μαγευτικές  παραλίες του Αργολικού σε ένα υπέροχο Αττικό κλίμα .

Το Άστρος και η Θυρέα έχουν εξελιχθεί σε ένα παγκόσμιο παραθεριστικό  προορισμό . Μόνιμα κάθε χρόνο έρχονατι επισκέπτες  από την  Γερμανία ,Ιταλία, Γαλλία , Αγγλία , την Αθήνα , ολόκληρη την πατρίδα μας ,την Ελληνική διασπορά και όλο το κόσμο. Δεν είναι τυχαίο στην γοητευτική παραλία Πόρτες 4 χλ από το Άστρος και  2.5 χλμ από το λιμάνι του Παραλίου Άστρους, που είναι  ένας μαγευτικός περίπατος . υπάρχει ένας   Γερμανικός οικισμός.  Επίσης «το μικρό Παρίσι» ο Αγιάννης και τα άλλα πολλά όμορφα  παραδοσιακά χωριά του Πάρνωνα είναι πολύ κοντά. Στα γειτονικά  όμορφα παραδοσιακά χωριά της Τσακωνιάς,  οι κάτοικοι συνεχίζουν να μιλάνε «Αρχαία Ελληνικά».

Τά  έχουμε όλα και είμαστε κοντά σε όλα, σας περιμένουμε στο φιλόξενο ιστορικό  Άστρος Κυνουρίας

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Το ιστορικό Άστρος και ο ‘Αγιος Ιωάννης (Αγιάννης) είναι μία κοινότητα.

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