Archaeological Sights and Museums of the Thyreatis Land
The founding inscription of the Karytsiotis School of Agiannis.
«1798 IN THE MONTH OF JULY 18 THE SCHOOL TO PHILOTHEAMON WHAT DID YOU GET BURIED FRIEND FILOTHEAMON WITH A QUESTION SECRET YOU ASK FOR MY NAME TO LEARN TO CERTIFY MY PROFESSION AND WHO WOULD LIKE ME? I AM THE HOUSE OF MUSES, THOSE OF ELIKONOS SCHOOL I AM CALLED OF THE CURRENT CENTURY SOFIAN I AM PROFESSED FROM NO SWEET YOUNG PEOPLE I USE I WAS ESTABLISHED FROM THE BACKGROUND DURING THE CURRENT CENTURY, YOUR YEAR IS TEACHING BUT ALSO THE DAY OWNER WHERE THEY MADE HOME OF ELIKONOS, KLINOS DIMITRIOS, KINOS THE PLACE WHERE I AM IN IS HIS HOMELAND KARYTSIOTIS IS EVERYWHERE CALLED THIS FAMILY IN MEMORY THIS HAPPENED TO HIM AND THE PARENTS AND IN THE MENTAL MIND SO THOSE WHO COME IN WITH ALL YOUR HEART PLEASE GOD THE OVER KINGDOM TO CLAIM TO HAPPEN TOGETHER WITH HIS PARENTS IN EIBAS TOUIS AUBOS THE SYNDROME WAS DISAPPOINTED IN MY BUILDING PROKOPION MY FATHER FRIEND AND MY LOVER KNOWS MY NODE OF ANO DIMITRIOS NIKOLOS SON”
From the same sigil of 1638 we are informed that Agiannis became a patriarchal exarchate “for the sake of course of the School of Agios Ioannis, operating much older”. According to this passage, a school operated in Agios Ioannis, long before 1638. In Agios Ioannis, there were also “inferior” schools, such as that of Papakyriakos and secret schools, initially in the Metochi of the Loukous Monastery, Agios Dimitrios and later in the narthexes of the churches of the village.
The people of Agianni never really surrendered to the conquerors and as a proof of their way they managed to keep their schools open throughout the Turkish rule and kept the flame of the nation secretly and openly awaited.
Dimitrios Karytsiotis <1741-1819>
Our great benefactor Dimitrios Karytsiotis <1741-1819> was born in Agios Ioannis <Agiannis> and according to the Agianniti tradition, he left “with a tsarouchi”. and in 1805 he built in Astros (then Agiannitika huts) the branch of the School of Agios Ioannis
The Karytsioti school played a catalytic role for the local community for many years and even today, since all the people of Agianni with great effort and with every sacrifice wanted their children to learn letters and as graduates “squids” to change their lives, according to the “smart” expectations of their great benefactor Dimitrios Karytsiotis. ), Αt the school was attended by young people from Agios Ioannis and from all over Greece
Pre-revolutionary Greece had many small “hidden” and few open schools. One of the few obvious schools was the famous Karytsiotis School that was built in 1798, 23 years before the Greek revolution and this is of great importance. It was built on the hill Koutri of Agiannis Kynourias and was one of the few “universities” of our pre-revolutionary homeland and its students were from all over mainland Greece and our islands. Our great benefactor Dimitrios Karytsiotis, a powerful Agiannitis patriot of the Diaspora, found a way to allow the 400-year-old Turkish conquerors to allow the acquisition and operation of the school in Agiannis and in the branch of the Karytsiotis school in Astros Kynourias, which opened in 1805.
The Karytsioti school played a catalytic role for the local community, played a primary and decisive role for Agiannis to become the capital of the revolted Greece, from August 15 to October 1, 1822 and for the Second National Assembly of the Greeks in Astros in 1823. The “government” located very close to the school of Karytsiotis of Agiannis was the seat of government. Astros is mainly known in our homeland by all Greeks and to expatriates abroad by the Second National Assembly of the Greeks that took place in 1823, for which the whole world knows us. The “squid” Astrinos, from the squid they used to write in the famous School of Karytsioti, offered a lot to the homeland during those difficult moments for our nation when everything was hanging by a thread to drown the revolution in blood. But before the National Assembly, the catalytic construction of the Karytsiotis School had preceded.
The school was a kind of university for that time, since the students were taught ancient Greek writers, mathematics, physics – chemistry, French and Italian, etc. He also built dormitories for the students who attended the School and for the teachers. In addition, he supplied the School with instruments of physics, astronomy, chemistry, maps and other supervisory teaching aids. He even sent money to pay the teachers and doctors who worked there. Karytsiotis enriched the School with books and created a large library. He wanted to establish in his homeland a school, equal to the European ones, that would provide knowledge to the students, giving them the opportunity to choose two directions: the commercial and the professional. 1500 books were saved from the burning of the School, which were kept in 1827 in the house of Zafeiropouloi (Castle of Paralio Astros). These books were, according to tradition, placed in an old wooden library located in the offices of the School. Many of these books have been saved and recorded today. These books were mostly texts of ancient philosophers and writers, ecclesiastical texts, textbooks of physics, mathematics, etc.
The building of this school in Astros now houses the Archaeological Museum of Astros. He also built rooms for students and teachers to stay in the school. In the courtyard of the school of Astros are preserved to this day the imposing chimneys of the rooms of the school of the boarding students of the school with their own special history. In 1805 he donated to the inhabitants of Astros and the School an area of about 48 acres, the so-called “Farm” , next to and around the School so that the teachers of the school can be paid for tuition and the boarding students of the school can eat with the fruits and the fruits of the “farm” such as grapes, medlars. In the same year (1805) his brother, George Karytsiotis, also a merchant in Trieste, transported with “sougelo” <stone ditch> for 5-6 km the water from the “Mother of water”, near the Monastery of Loukos, in Astros. To “irrigate the farm to keep the School open”. The project ended in three fountains (one opposite the Primary School, the other next to Agios Konstantinos and the third next to the City Hall). Dimitrios Karytsiotis was buried in the Greek Orthodox cemetery of Trieste and the majestic tomb of the Karytsiotis family survives to this day. From astros-kynourianews Karytsioti School Dimitrios Karytsioti
At the end of July – beginning of August 1826 both schools were set on fire by the hordes of Ibrahim Pasha and the School of Agios Ioannis was completely destroyed. Together with the school the whole village was destroyed, as well as its 13 churches and 2 monasteries. According to the historian Phaedon Koukoule, the school “became a pile of stones from the fire of the common enemy of the faith Ι Ibrahim….” According to the Agianniti tradition, the school burned continuously for a week, as its inhabitants were scattered and could not extinguish The school of Astros was soon renovated and received the name “Museum of Karytsiotou”. 1500 books were saved from the fire of the School, which were kept in 1827 in the house of Zafeiropoulaia (Castle of the Beach of Astros). located in an old wooden library located in the offices of the School.Many of these books have been saved and recorded today.These books were mostly are texts of ancient philosophers and writers, ecclesiastical texts, textbooks of physics, mathematics, etc. “
We have proposed to our municipality, to all those responsible, to the committee “Greece 2021” and to the common mind, the five topics of the Earth Thyreatis, which undoubtedly played a catalytic importance for the organization and success of the liberation struggle.
The most important topics we have in the Thyreatis Earth and we must always distinguish and promote in the anniversary events of 1821.
Back to astrosgr.com/en /Dedicated to Thyreatis Land
Collaborators Astros Kynouria News / Greek
Σχολή Καρυτσιώτη /Greek
Δημήτριος Καρυτσιώτης/ Greek