Εxcursions: Parthenon, Acropolis and Acropolis Museum

Before the recent health crisis in 2019, thirty-four million visitors came to our country and the number is increasing every year. We had a 62% increase in ten years (in 2010 it was 21 million, in 2006 it was 14 million). Most of us visit for our rich history and basically to enjoy the “sun and the sea in the Aegean islands” and to see our most important archeological sites.

It is no exaggeration to say that most people come to see the Parthenon, which undoubtedly symbolizes the Greek Miracle, the Greek measure, human mutual respect and is admired as a symbol of universal and enduring values ​​of excellence, democracy, art and global human evolution.

As soon as we go up the propylaea and see the Parthenon, it causes admiration in general for the human race and our ancestors. We stop speechless, admire him and enjoy him with awe and emotion.

We want to confess that in every visit to our homeland, we always find time to visit every year the Parthenon and the prison of Kolokotronis in Palamidi. They are our great miracles of the Greeks, which we like to visit many times, we are not satisfied with them, they inspire and guide us.

The Parthenon is undoubtedly the greatness of the world, full stop.

The stolen Parthenon Sculptures.

The Parthenon Sculptures (also known as Elgin Marbles by the English because of Elgin), are a collection of sculptures from the Acropolis of Athens. They were removed and stolen by Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin, ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1799 to 1803, and transported to Britain in 1806.

England never had legal possession of the Parthenon Sculptures. The possession of the Sculptures is a robbery and the international community and the EU must isolate and condemn England financially until they return the Parthenon Sculptures to the Acropolis Museum.

Melina Mercouri passionately claimed the return of the Parthenon Sculptures and blasted everyone who referred to them as “Elginia”. Melina Mercouri as Minister of Culture in 1982 was in Mexico at the Unesco General Conference. “Or you need to understand what the Parthenon Marbles mean to us. It is our pride. They are our sacrifices. It is the supreme symbol of kindness. It is a tribute to democratic philosophy. It is our ambition and our name. It is the essence of our Greekness… »

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Parthenon is a temple built in honor of the goddess Athena, patron saint of the city of Athens. It was the result of the collaboration of important architects and sculptors in the middle of the 5th century BC. century. The era of its construction coincides with the ambitious expansion plans of Athens and the political prestige that followed vis-.-Vis its allies during the period of Athenian Hegemony in Ancient Greece. The architects of the Parthenon were Iktinos and Kallikrates.

The Parthenon is one of the most recognizable monuments in the world. According to the prevailing view, the modern interest in the monument appeared during the European Enlightenment of the 18th century, and is admired as a symbol of universal and lasting values ​​of excellence, democracy, art, etc. In Greece it also has a special place in the national feeling, both the monument itself and the sculptures that have been removed from it and are exhibited in the British Museum. [26] According to the UNESCO World Heritage Center, the Parthenon as part of the wider monument complex has been on the World Heritage List since September 11, 1987. However, it is not the formal addition to a list that makes the Parthenon part of the cultural heritage. As a material project it is the most reliable testimony of a technologically and aesthetically advanced culture, which has significantly influenced the development of the modern Western world ………

The monument

The Parthenon is the most brilliant monument of the Athenian state and the colophon of the Doric style. Its construction began in 448/7 BC. and the inauguration took place in 438 BC. in Megala Panathinaia, while the sculptural decoration was completed in 433/2 BC. According to the sources, the architects who worked were Iktinos, Kallikratis and possibly Pheidias, who was also responsible for the sculptural decoration. It is one of the few all-marble Greek temples and the only Doric one with all its metopes in relief. Many parts of the sculptural decoration, the entablature and the ceiling panels were painted in red, blue and gold. Pentelic marble was used, except for the pillar, which was made of limestone. The wing had 8 columns in width and 17 in length. The placement of the columns is unusually dense with a ratio of column diameter to column height of 1: 2.25 (cf. the ratio 1: 2.32 in the temple of Zeus at Olympia and 1: 2.65 in the temple of Aphaia in Aegina). On the narrow sides there was a second row of 6 columns that created the illusion of a double temple. Another peculiarity was the existence of a frieze that surrounded the nave along its entire length and is perhaps the most obvious of the Ionic influences. The metopes on the east side depict the Battle of the Giants. The Amazon depicts the Battle of the West, the Centaur War in the south and scenes from the Trojan War in the north.

Parthenon – Wikipedia

Acropolis, Athens – UNESCO World Heritage Centre

Acropolis of Athens – Wikipedia

Home | Acropolis Museum | Official website (theacropolismuseum.gr)

Home | Μουσείο Ακρόπολης | Επίσημος ιστοχώρος (theacropolismuseum.gr)

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