Doliana of Arcadia

From our Municipality

“Green mountain village with a wonderful view and known for the victorious battle of Nikitaras, also called Turkophagus, in May 1821. It is located at 1050 meters, 25 km from Tripoli, 45 from Astros and has good tourist infrastructure, with hostels, taverns Ideal village for weekends and three days, suitable for those who love nature and walks, through the village passes the European Trail E4. While visitors show a special preference for the forest village located just outside Ano Doliana. Dolian marble while you can visit the Christofili Folklore Museum and see the art and tradition of the area.The chestnut festival, a local product of the mountainous Kynouria, which takes place in Autumn, has a large attendance, and where the visitor can taste the chestnut in The villagers are transported to Ano Doliana from Kato Doliana on April 23 where they also transport the image a of Agios Georgios from one village to another on foot, a custom that is passed down from generation to generation. ” https://www.discoverkynouria.gr/el/sights/ano-doliana

 A friend of ours observes from “Doliana Arcadia”

“The right thing is: The transfer of the icon of Agios Georgios takes place on the first Sunday of November on foot from Ano Doliana to Kato Doliana as the residents used to move to spend the winter in the winter (Kato Doliana). The village also has a large omitted cherry production. “

From the Ministry of Rural Development

The forest village “Ano Doliana” of the Prefecture of Arcadia is located on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, at an altitude of 1,180m. approximately, at the location Horeftarou – Krekiza of the mountain settlement `Ano Doliana of the Municipality of Kynouria, at a distance of 20km. SE of Tripoli.

It was built by the Kynouria Forestry Department, with credits from our Ministry, and has two access roads. Its area is 29 acres and consists of 20 wooden houses. Of these, others have a bedroom – which can comfortably accommodate 2-3 people – and two other separate bedrooms – where 4-5 people can stay. The houses are completed with bathroom, kitchen, refrigerator, and a spacious living room with fireplace and dining area.

There is also a central restaurant for two hundred people, with a large fireplace in the middle, where guests can enjoy local delicacies, made with Arcadian recipes, from genuine local products.

The construction of the forest village has been done with special care. The electromechanical installations, the lighting, water supply and sewerage networks are excellent, while the special extinguishing means that exist ensure the safety of the stay.

The visitor, in all seasons, can escape for a while away from the stress and pollution of the environment of big cities, and wander in the picturesque environment of the forest village, with its stone walls, terraces and paths, to observe and to admire the rich nature and its functions, to love it and to protect it. He can also learn the history and get to know the life of the modern inhabitants of Arcadia, as the location of the forest village is such that it can be used as a base for visits to the beautiful traditional villages of the area.

Visitors to the forest village have the opportunity to engage in various other alternative activities, such as horseback riding, archery, mountain biking, paint bull, hiking.

The forest village of Ano Doliana is offered for environmental education and information of visitors, for conferences and seminars of forestry and environmental content, while there is the possibility of providing facilities to students of all levels of education.

http://www.minagric.gr/…/dasika…/1168-xorio-anodoliana

From the “Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Management Agency, 2015. Guide for the protected area of ​​Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland. Nature, Culture, Ecotourism. Astros of Arcadia “.

 Doliana

The historic village of Doliana is built at an altitude of 1,050 m and at a distance of about 35 km west of Astros, being the “gate” to Mount Parnon. It is a traditional, picturesque and dynamic mountain destination, known in Greece. Doliana is known since antiquity for the marble of excellent quality from which important temples of antiquity were built as well as the Metropolitan Church of St. Basil in Tripoli (1855). The impressive stone houses of the settlement, the picturesque cobbled streets, the ornate fountains, surrounded by chestnuts, oaks, cherries, walnuts, plane trees, compose a unique anthropogenic and natural environment for the visitor. Numerous hiking trails start from the village and in many places meet the European path E4. Dolian They are also known from the famous battle of Doliana that took place here on May 18, 1821 (See p. 268). The historically preserved building “Tambouri tou Nikitaras” (building owned by Afon Christofili) in Ano Doliana, where Nikitaras and his companions were fortified, has been turned into a museum. Just outside the village, in a green location of chestnut trees, is the church of Ai Giannis, the stream and the homonymous waterfall. The village has a rich tourist infrastructure, hostels, hotels, restaurants and taverns, as well as the versatile Forest Village. Kato Doliana, northwest of Astros is the winter home of the Dolianites. Here the inhabitants of Ano Doliana spend the winter and return to the village in the spring, to spend the hot summer months, where they carry the image of the patron saint of the village Agios Georgios on the first Sunday of November. This transfer takes place from one village to another on foot (25 km), a custom that is passed down from generation to generation. In the wider area of ​​Kato Doliana, there are important archeological sites and monuments, such as the Asclepieion of the Warrior and the Villa of Herodes Atticus in the area of ​​Loukous, the archeological sites in Kourmeki and Tsiorovo, ancient prisons (Anemomylos) ancient alabaster quarry at “Koufogi”. The traditional product of Ano Doliana is the chestnuts that the inhabitants pick in the fall, when the chestnut festival is organized, while in Kato Doliana the inhabitants are engaged in the production of olive oil and edible olives (typical varieties are manaki and coarse olives). Citrus fruits are also grown. · Earth Festivals, such as the Chestnut Festival and other rich cultural events, the famous Herodias, historical representations, etc. are organized in Doliana every year. Since 2015, a mountain half marathon has been held in Ano Doliana as part of a two-day event organized on the occasion of the anniversary of the historic battle of Doliana on May 18, 1821.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ano Doliana, Arcadia

Ano Doliana (or Doliana) is a mountainous, stone-built village in the province of North Kynouria in Arcadia, which belongs to the local community of Doliana. [2] In winter it is inhabited by a few inhabitants, as most spend the winter in Kato Doliana and many return to it in the spring. In the 2011 census it had 90 inhabitants. It is characterized as a traditional settlement, according to the relevant legislation of the Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works [3] [4]

In recent years it has experienced remarkable mild tourism development, with a significant number of visitors, especially on winter weekends. [5] [6]

The settlement is located in the southern surroundings of the Tripoli plain. It stretches at an altitude between 950 and 1,050 meters and is built amphitheatrically on the northern slopes of Mount Parnon, with a northern view, spread over two neighborhoods and surrounded by ravines and small waterfalls. Of particular value is the panoramic view from the spot, as it looks like a balcony [7] overlooking the plateau of Tripoli and the plain of Mantineia, with the visual horizon reaching the mountains Mainalo, Artemisio, Helmos and Erymanthos. [8]

The village is overgrown with chestnut trees and plane trees, while a forest with fir trees starts from its northeastern end. The cherries thrive in the area, while in the past there were also sour cherries. You will also see apple, fir, walnut, oak and some hazelnuts and pears, in a spectacle that is especially interesting in autumn, with the alternation of colors in the foliage of deciduous trees. [9] [10]

 It is at a distance of 175 kilometers or about 2 hours from Athens, 20 kilometers (25 minutes) from Tripoli and 33 kilometers (35 minutes) from Astros

History

Ancient quarries National Archaeological Museum of Athens: Sculptures of Damophon from the temple of Despina in Lykosoura. From left to right: Artemis, Dimitra, Veil of Despina, Anytos (Titan), female Third (fragment of the throne). Exhibits 2 and 3 are made of Doliana marble.

 Northwest of the community, in the places “Alepotrypes” and “Psofiaika”, there are ancient quarries dating from the archaic-classical era and produce the homonymous local marble of Doliana, [17] which is white, with a tone of light blue or light blue. [18] [19] It is one of the highest quality marbles of the Peloponnese, presenting similarities with the Pentelic marble of Attica, although it does not reach the quality characteristics of the latter. [20] It was used more commonly as a building stone and less often in sculpture.

Revolution

Bust of Nikitaras in the stream of Tsakonas, where the Battle of Doliana took place.

On May 18, 1821, during the Greek Revolution, the village was given the so-called Battle of Doliana. In this particular battle, Nikitaras who was holding Ano Doliana with 300 men, managed to repel 4,000 Turks who attacked with artillery. That day he also received the nickname “Turkophagus” which accompanied him later, because according to tradition many Turks fell from his hand. A statue has been erected in his memory at the entrance of the settlement and specifically in the area of ​​”Tsakonas stream”, the main theater of the battle.

Sights

The Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Doliana

On May 23, 2015, the “Historical and Ethnographic Museum of Doliana” was inaugurated, dedicated to the historical battle that took place in the village but also to the wider folklore of the daily life of the area. It is housed in the house of Christofili, one of the houses in which the Greek fighters drummed, an incident from which the house was christened “The drum of Nikitaras”. [45] [46] It is open to the public every Saturday and Sunday morning with free admission. [47]

Of particular beauty is the old school, which today operates as a traditional guest house. It consists of two buildings, which have been declared protected by the Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. [48] The smallest and oldest of these was erected in 1853. [7]

As a school, it operated in the months of September and October of each school year, until the inhabitants completed the harvest of chestnuts and saplings and were transferred to the plain settlement. It ceased operation in October 1982.

At a distance of 1.5 km from the center of the village, on the road to the settlement Dragouni and after the waterfall in the stream of Ai Gianni, is the picturesque chapel of Ai Giannis, in the middle of a green slope with panoramic views of the village.

Nikitaras had encamped here with his lads since May 16, 1821, coming from the camp of the Bervens with a final destination in Nafplio to procure scabbard. On the morning of May 18, when he had planned his departure, an Ottoman phalanx under Kehayabe Bey Mustafa began to ascend to the settlement with the ultimate goal of flanking the Berven camp. As a result, Nikitaras listened to the call of the villagers, postponed his departure and returned to the settlement to defend him. This is how the Battle of Doliana broke out.

The church of Ai Giannis opposite the settlement

Traditional fountains

Due to the abundant water in the area, several traditional marble fountains had been built in the village, which are still preserved today, although some have now dried up. Indicative:

• Sopot, immediately after the settlement of Kouvli and just before the entrance to Doliana. According to its Arabic inscription, it was built in 1713 and its name means “good waters” in Slavic. [49]

• Loutsitsa, in the village market.

• Tsirikou, in Rykakia.

• Konti, in the position of Angelaika.

• Close

• Vlanga

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%86%CE%BD%CF%89_%CE%94%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%AC_%CE%91%CF%81%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B4%CE%AF%CE%B1%CF%82

 Battle of Doliana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Battle of Doliana or Battle of Bervena took place in May 1821 between the Greek revolutionaries led by Nikitaras against the Turks in Ano Doliana of the Peloponnese, in the context of the Greek Revolution.

The battle On May 18, four thousand Turks with cannons under Mustafa left Tripoli with the aim of dismantling the camp at Vervena and were divided into three phalanxes. The first phalanx attacked Doliana, the second at Vervena and the third at Dragouni. [3] Nikitaras had just passed from Doliana in the direction of Argos and Nafplio. He immediately ran with 120 armed men back there and fortified himself in the strongest houses of the village. [2] A battle broke out in which the Greeks managed, although far fewer, to repel the Turks. In the meantime, reinforcements arrived from the camp of Bervena but were forced to retreat and fortify themselves in the camp where they put up effective resistance against the Turks and then chased them to Doliana where they joined the men of Nikitaras. [3] The Turks fled, leaving seventy dead, their cannons and three flags. [2]

Nikitaras also “won” the nickname of “Turkophagus”. Georgakis Digenis and Anagnostis Roris Dolianitis were killed in the battle, while twelve others were wounded. [2]

The importance of battle The battle of Doliana thwarted the dismantling of the camp at Vervena. There were 2,500 fighters there and his loss would be significant. [2] It also boosted the morale of the revolutionaries and paved the way for the fall of Tripoli

https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%9C%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B7_%CF%84%CF%89%CE%BD_%CE%94%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%8E%CE%BD

 Kato Doliana

 A village of the plain created by the double inhabitants of Ano Doliana for their winter residence during the years of Ottoman rule. We distinguish the beautiful primary school (building of 1904) and the remains of an ancient tower (and settlement) in Tsiorovo. In Kato Do. liana, near the historic Monastery of Loukous, about 4 km from Astros, is the Villa of Herod of Attica, Prefect of the Roman conquerors.

Sources: Our Municipality, Wikipedia, Exploring Greece

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astrosgr.com/en / John Koutogiorgas


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